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222 votes
Accepted

What does an unprocessed RAW file look like?

There is a tool called dcraw which reads various RAW file types and extracts pixel data from them — it's actually the original code at the very bottom of a lot of open source and even commercial RAW ...
mattdm's user avatar
  • 143k
32 votes

Do smartphones suffer from degrees of chromatic aberration? If so, how is it possible?

Because the chromatic aberrations happen in the lens, not the sensor - the picture is already distorted by the time it reaches the sensor, so it doesn't matter if there is a Bayer matrix (or any other ...
Philip Kendall's user avatar
25 votes

How was photo data processed and transferred back to Earth from satellites before digital photography became commonplace?

Luna 3 did something as complicated as you thought: It took photos on a film, processed it in a kind of onboard minilab, and then scanned and radioed it back home in analog way not unlike an old fax. ...
Agent_L's user avatar
  • 2,090
23 votes
Accepted

What type of editing is necessary to achieve this type of watch photo?

To me, it is just that you dial is over-exposed, easy to fix with the Curves tool of your editor: In other cases, just using the contrast tool could be easier, but here this would blow out the ...
xenoid's user avatar
  • 21.4k
21 votes

Why does my Canon 700D take so long processing when I take a long exposure?

To reduce the processing time for long exposures, you want to turn off Long Exposure Noise Reduction. However, you may not want to give up the benefit of LENR. Long Exposure Noise Reduction (LENR) is ...
Michael C's user avatar
  • 175k
20 votes

How was photo data processed and transferred back to Earth from satellites before digital photography became commonplace?

Amongst the myriad online pages documenting the Viking series, here's one which states clearly The Viking Lander camera design was very different from vidicon framing or CCD array cameras. The ...
Carl Witthoft's user avatar
20 votes
Accepted

Why don't cameras record light data throughout the entire shutter?

It's been done in X-rays. The TimePix is a 256x256 detector. It has three operating modes: the usual "total energy in this pixel since we started integrating"; Time-over-Threshold (TOT): the ...
Eric Towers's user avatar
19 votes
Accepted

Is it possible to find out what compression ratio was used for a particular JPEG?

No, you can not and it does not make sense to do so, since there is no ubiquitous definition of the JPEG compression level. The actual result when saving a JPEG with compression level 60 in one ...
jarnbjo's user avatar
  • 3,280
19 votes

Why don't cameras record light data throughout the entire shutter?

You are missing some obvious problems with this idea. You want to "continously" capture the light data, but that's already being done. Apparently you mean to have a series of images available after ...
Olin Lathrop's user avatar
  • 17.4k
14 votes

What does "frequency" mean in an image?

I will try to explain with the simplest math terms possible. If you want to skip the math, jump to part II, if you want to get the short answer skip to Part III Part I Frequency of a signal means the ...
Ouss's user avatar
  • 282
13 votes

How can I convert an Apple iOS HEIF image into JPEG?

Support for reading HEIF was added to ImageMagick 7.0.7-22, you have to install it with --with-libheif flag. e.g. on macOS with Homebrew: ...
Jari Keinänen's user avatar
13 votes

What does an unprocessed RAW file look like?

It's a really really big grid of numbers. Everything else is processing.
WolfgangGroiss's user avatar
12 votes

What is the difference between HSV and CIE-Lab color space?

A perceptual uniform color space ensures that the difference between two colors (as perceived by the human eye). It is proportional to the Euclidian distance within the given color space. You may ...
Tazwar Utshas's user avatar
12 votes
Accepted

What would happen if a camera used entirely different primary colors?

Color photography is indeed based on the tri-color theory. The world saw the first color picture in 1861 made using red, green, and blue filters by James Clark Maxwell. Today’s color photography is ...
Alan Marcus's user avatar
  • 39.2k
12 votes

Why don't cameras record light data throughout the entire shutter?

You suggest "Or every time a photon hits a pixel on the sensor give it a timestamp" — this would be a huge amount of data. A quick search suggests that each pixel — or sensel — in a digital camera ...
mattdm's user avatar
  • 143k
11 votes

Is it generally accepted that "Samsung 'space zoom' moon shots are fake" and that some cellphones (e.g. S20 Ultra) use AI to add features?

Based to the article in The Verge I get actually Samsung fake the moon. Of course there are vague expressions from the company about the process and when what is in use. But my personal estimation and ...
Romeo Ninov's user avatar
  • 12.1k
10 votes

What would happen if a camera used entirely different primary colors?

Is this already being done? Sure. The Hubble Space Telescope senses the near IR, visible, and near UV spectrum. Any images you see from Hubble that contain information outside of the visible ...
scottbb's user avatar
  • 32.8k
10 votes

Is it possible to find out what compression ratio was used for a particular JPEG?

You can, sort of. ImageMagicks' identify command can show a estiamte identify -verbose image.jpeg will produce (a lot of) ...
Rolazaro Azeveires's user avatar
10 votes

Are award winning landscape images edited?

The short answer to the question is: it depends. Some award winning images are entirely shot in camera, some are enhanced in the darkroom, some are enhanced digitally. The ultimate question here is ...
LightBender's user avatar
  • 3,181
9 votes
Accepted

Why are my RAW images already in colour if debayering is not done yet?

This is actually really simple: your image is shown in color by Darktable because it renders the preview from the RAW file in order to show it to you — including demosaicing. (Or, depending on ...
mattdm's user avatar
  • 143k
9 votes
Accepted

How do I correct the huge blue-shift in these images?

I'm not sure how much they can really be rescued - there's one heck of a lot of blue in there & very little of anything else. Applying a Levels Layer & pushing the mid-point of each colour by ...
Tetsujin's user avatar
  • 23.4k
9 votes

What does an unprocessed RAW file look like?

I know it's already been answered quite well by mattdm, but I just thought you might find this article interesting. In case the link goes down, here is a summary: The human eye is most sensitive to ...
jreese's user avatar
  • 99
9 votes
Accepted

How do I fix the color in this photo using Darktable to match the out-of-camera JPEG?

While darktable is an increasingly powerful piece of software, one of its rough edges is the fact that it doesn't try very hard to produce a good default "vanilla" rendering of the RAW files from the ...
junkyardsparkle's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

It is correct to match light sources with the same color temperature?

It's roughly true that light sources with the same color temperature have the same appearance. In fact, matching light sources in this way is exactly the reason we use the Kelvin WB scale in ...
mattdm's user avatar
  • 143k
9 votes

What type of editing is necessary to achieve this type of watch photo?

You might be surprised by how good the simple 'Auto Tone' command is in Photoshop [Image menu]. It's always worth giving it a go before getting into any more detail. Sometimes it just gets it right ...
Tetsujin's user avatar
  • 23.4k
9 votes

What type of editing is necessary to achieve this type of watch photo?

I think that rather than starting from the post-processing, you should consider another lighting approach. If you look at the images you posted as examples of what you want to achieve, they all have a ...
Gurdulù's user avatar
8 votes

Why does my Canon 700D take so long processing when I take a long exposure?

It's not actually processing for most of that extra time. It is taking a second exposure with the shutter closed, for dark frame subtraction. This removes sensor-based pattern noise. Of course, there ...
mattdm's user avatar
  • 143k
8 votes

Why don't cameras record light data throughout the entire shutter?

What you're asking for, continuous light sampling, might be theoretically possible but practically too expensive. It might be possible to approximate it with a very high sampling rate. This could be ...
dreamcatcher's user avatar
8 votes

Is it common practice to apply identical processing effects to a batch of photos?

Many demosaicing applications (RawTherapee, for instance) can save the processing on a picture (aka recipe) to repeat on others. But this is typically restricted in practice to global editing (colors/...
xenoid's user avatar
  • 21.4k
8 votes

What type of editing is necessary to achieve this type of watch photo?

Move your lights lower relative to the cone, or move them farther away. The two options will have different effects... to understand them it is easier to think of it in terms of creating the ...
Steven Kersting's user avatar

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