23

The sensors and lenses of even the most humble DSLR or mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras (ILCs) currently on the market are far better than those found in the best phone cameras. Sensors and glass can only take one so far, though. The current crop of top smartphones have leveraged the power of computational photography¹ in a way that most ILCs don't. ...


22

What were long, flat point and shoot film cameras called? You don't want to know what I called the cheap 110 Instamatic I was forced to use when I was young and couldn't afford anything better! The reason they were called 110 cameras is because they used the 110 film format introduced by Eastman Kodak in 1972. They were immensely popular in the 1970s and ...


21

That's an old point and shoot camera that took 110-format film. For that reason, they're usually called 110 cameras. You can even see that term, "110 CAMERA," on the label on the camera in your photo.


14

I gather from the aspect ratios (top one is 3:2, bottom one is 4:3), that the top image is the dSLR one, and the bottom image is the one from your TZ40. And at web sizes, while there's some improvement in image quality with the dSLR, it's not a huge amount better, and some could be compensated for with post-processing, rather than using straight-from-the-...


13

Images with your camera will start showing signs of diffraction around f/4 to f/5.6 due to the size of the sensor. Shooting at a significantly smaller aperture (like f/11) will only increase the diffraction problems. You'll lose resolution. Here's a good tutorial on diffraction: http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/diffraction-photography.htm


13

Low light and zooming affect quality in two different ways. First low light. Point and shoot cameras struggle in low light because they have small lenses and small sensors. To compensate for this they automatically increase the ISO, which in simple terms is the sensitivity of the sensor to light. The problem is, the higher the ISO, the more grainy (it's ...


12

A lens is needed to focus light on imaging sensor. For example, here's an image taken without lens attached to camera: For comparison, same scene taken with a lens attached: Carl Zeiss is a German manufacturer well known for carefully designed good quality optics; see also what makes a Carl Zeiss lens so special in a smartphone (the reasons are similar ...


12

Sensor area doesn't determine resolution in the same way as the film era. Back then simply increasing the area of film would yield a similar increase in the size you could print, and therefore the detail you captured. In the digital world sensors can have different numbers of pixels per cm Both 12MP compact and DSLR will resolve similar levels of detail ...


12

If you are shooting by looking at the rear LCD or an Electronic Viewfinder (EVF) to frame your shot here is the most likely scenario without more information from you added to the question (Camera model, specific settings, etc.). The LCD screen (either on the back or inside the EVF) is using the sensor to produce a series of pictures much like a video ...


10

This is a frequent questions from my photography students who get even more confused when they learn about macro lenses and wonder if they have to take macro shots with a macro lens in macro mode or do not need a macro lens because their camera has a macro mode. The real answer actually depends on the camera but most only do two things in strict macro mode: ...


10

But of course there is difference. I'll show you a couple of sample photos. Though I don't have a compact camera, so the comparison is between a DSLR and a smartphone camera. You know, smartphone cameras are nowadays on par with compact cameras. ^^A low light landscape photo. Notice especially the moon; a DSLR captured the moon almost correctly, whereas the ...


9

I can't see any obvious noise in the photo at this resolution. I can see some JPEG artifacts (sections where the subtle differences in shade look like blocks rather than a gradual transition). Some people get confused between "noise" and "artifacting", and refer to both as "noise". Actual noise exists in almost all digital photos to some extent. Cameras ...


9

Technically mirrorless means there is no reflex mirror for a through the lens optical viewfinder and instead an image is read from the sensor in realtime and displayed on some form of LCD. However since this applies to all P&S cameras the term is usually used to refer to mirrorless cameras that feature interchangeable lenses, such as micro 43rds, the ...


9

Small sensors can be better for macro images, the standard definition of macro means a 1:1 size ratio between subject and film, so you could project an image of a 35mm object onto a single piece of 35mm film. Because compacts (usually) have smaller sensors a true 1:1 macro lens on a compact would be capable of filling the frame with smaller objects. A DSLR ...


9

Even keeping the same sensor size and lens parameters you will always save space by fixing the lens. You remove the need for a lens mount interface, lens barrels can be smaller as they gain stiffness from being fixed, you can put some of the lens mechanisms (zoom and focus motors) into the camera body, use leaf shutters instead of focal plane (Sony RX1). So ...


9

Like the other answerers have noted, it's not at all obvious which picture is taken with a DSLR — both have some pretty obvious issues, like blown highlights and poor contrast. Rather than enumerating the problems, let me offer a few tips for you and your friend on shooting scenes like this: If in doubt, always underexpose. This goes especially for ...


9

Fundamentally, what you need is a faster shutter speed. On more advanced cameras, you'd be able to put your camera into "shutter priority" mode and directly set the shutter speed, but that won't be directly possible on your A1000. However, it may be possible to help the camera in the right direction - two things you could try would be: Put the camera into ...


9

There is higher res image From which you can gather that it is most likely Contax T2 Compact 35mm Camera. You can find it's image here and here.


8

I never tried to hold a 384e mm zoom on such a camera, but as @dpolitt mentioned it might be very difficult. You may want to try that at a store or read up on that. But, leaving any other image quality aspects aside, I think the wide angle focal length might be much more interesting. 24e to 28e mm, from your given comparison, is quite a difference which ...


8

Specifically speaking to optical zoom, I would say it is very important and a great benefit to have optical zoom over no optical zoom. Practically speaking to the three cameras you noted though, the difference between 10x and 16x is not very important. At 10x you are going to be zoomed to a 35mm equivalent of 250mm, which is quite a lot of zoom. At that ...


8

It is correct that a smaller aperture (higher f number) results in greater front-to-back focus, whilst larger apertures (smaller f numbers) result in more selective focus. There is, however, a tradeoff. With the smaller apertures, less light is let into the camera body and in order to compensate for this, the camera must do one of two things. a) slow the ...


8

Absolutely, there are good reasons to choose a compact camera, just like there are good reasons to choose a mirrorless. The key when looking at anything is deciding which reasons are important to you. Size: A compact camera is, well, compact. A mirrorless camera's body may be compact but once you add a lens, it will often be double the thickness of a ...


8

It sounds like you are describing mirrorless system cameras. They have the interchangeable lenses and some of them have larger sensors, but they always use the sensor directly to an LCD or OLED display rather than using a viewfinder (or in rare case, use a viewfinder that doesn't go through the lens), which saves on size and weight (while giving up a few ...


8

Try outdoors in daylight. Small cameras struggle at low light, and normal indoor room lighting is lower than you realize. For better camera, the bigger the sensor the better. You might also get one that can control a big flash: aiming the flash to bounce off the ceiling can give nice results (like a ceiling lamp) and not bother the baby like direct flash. ...


8

With a more sophisticated camera, I'd say: get a faster lens, or a bounce flash. (See Prime lens or flash: which upgrade will most improve baby photos? for thoughts from me and others on this topic.) But your camera is a relatively simple point-and-shoot, where these system-addons aren't really an option. There are still a few things you can do, though. ...


7

I am fairly certain what people are telling you is "noise" are actually JPEG compression artifacts. Unlike RAW images, JPEG images use a form of lossy compression...that means that some degree of detail and perfection in an image is permanently lost when saving a JPEG image. From what I can tell, the photo you posted is not noisy at all, however it does ...


7

Fix the ISO to its lowest value and use a tripod. Most small camera will be able to give an exposure of up to a few seconds which is good enough for typical indoor lighting. If it does not do that automatically, switch to one of the Night Scene modes. This will work for static scenes. If your subjects are in motion, you will simply need a better camera. ...


7

Not usually but it probably depends on where you live. The maximum storage humidity of cameras is relatively high but I do take extra caution while in tropical rain forests which I'm kind of far from right now. I own several cameras and dozens of lenses, some of them do not get use for months and even years at a time and never had any problem despite the ...


7

I'm curious as to what macro mode actually does in cameras such as mine. Is it perhaps simply biasing the auto-focus, or is something else mechanical happening in the lens? I have outlined the two main areas that Macro mode affects in general terms below under "Background". Following is a general comment on macro mode and how this may affect your images and ...


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