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I took a photo during blue hour, and notice that there are some strange white speck on the blue sky. What is this and why it happens? Initially I thought it was dust, but usually dust will leave black speck on the photo. This shot is taken at ISO-100 to minimize noise.

Full size photo

The full photo

The image at 100% crop at the red rectangle

Red rectangle

As you can see, there is a white speck at the left, and also a lighter blue speck on the right.

[EDIT]: Photo taken with 90 seconds exposure and f/20.

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    Is it possible that it is a plane? – Chris Walton May 18 '15 at 1:32
  • I can't remember whether there was a plane flying or not, but I took this photo with 90 seconds exposure, and f/20 aperture. I guess within 90 sec the plane should have disappear already. – rcs May 18 '15 at 1:54
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    @Chis-Walton Is it a bird? – J A Terroba May 18 '15 at 13:47
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    @JATerroba No -it's .....du du du....(anticlimax) a hot pixel apparently. – Chris Walton May 18 '15 at 16:29
  • So it's not a tiny... tiny cloud? – Tristan Wiley May 18 '15 at 19:15
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This looks like a stuck/hot pixel in the sensor.

Due to the demosaicing algorithm, it has affected not just one pixel in the output image but also four diagonally adjacent pixels. I would be willing to bet there is a single red or green pixel on the sensor right there that is incorrectly reading too bright. The other faint dot to the right may be a blue pixel that is only a little bit hot, and being a blue pixel it's affecting more surrounding pixels after demosaicing.

Hot pixels are more likely to appear during long exposures or when the camera is warmer, though they could appear at any time. If you took other photos under similar lighting conditions, check if the same thing appears at exactly the same position in the image. If so, it's probably your camera sensor.

Hot pixels aren't that uncommon but cameras often detect them and correct them so you wouldn't see them. During very long exposures (more than, say, 10 seconds) they can become a more significant problem so if you do a lot of these long exposures you'll likely become familiar with them.

It will be easy enough to photoshop them out if you need to. If you use RAW processing software then it usually has features for dealing with hot pixels too. If you don't use RAW, your camera may have an equivalent feature for fixing hot pixels that needs to be set up in the camera menu. The best of these features will keep a record of the positions of the hot pixels on the sensor then filter bright pixels only at those positions, to reduce the chances of accidentally blurring out any "legitimate" bright points of light in the image. Detecting hot pixels involves taking a "dark frame" - a very long exposure of total blackness e.g. the inside of the lens cap (or if the camera does it, with the shutter closed).

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    If you're using a Canon P&S (I guess not since you're at f/20) the CHDK firmware can do dark frame subtraction for each exposure that eliminates this. If your camera just does a one-time dark frame subtraction, I think it's possible for it to miss additional hot pixels that appear when the sensor gets hotter. It could be that cooling your sensor would remove this type of noise. – semi-extrinsic May 18 '15 at 8:25

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