Looking at the imagery, it was not provided exclusively by a satellite. I work for the company that built the sensors and cameras for Digital Globe WV3 and WV4 sensors and did sensor, motion compensation and other design work as well as image quality analysis for those sensors. The spatial resolution of the image you posted is beyond the resolution commercially available for those platforms commercially at that time. (Managed by license and treaty.)
I believe that the artifacts you see are a result artifacts from an airborne sensor. Normally airborne sensors are motion compensated for the transitioning of the image across the sensor area, and take into account the relative ground speed of the sensor, and the direction and altitude it is above the ground. In this instance you have a subject aircraft, which is not travelling in the direction the ground is relative to the sensor. Therefore the motion compensation does not work so well. Also there are several geometries for sensor arrays, and they employ different masks and/or scanning strategies.
Generally high resolution large area coverage sensors are push-broom type arrays, similar to some scanners and photo/document copiers. When the object imaged is not traveling in the same manner as the ground target, it is subject to sampling errors, and artifacting like you observed.
Looking at that location on Google Earth, the imagery has been updated, so I could not take the image data and back out the artifacts to tell you the relative motions of objects. However given what you presented, and my knowledge of commercially available satellites and satellite imagery, I doubt that the images are space-based.
I have worked in this field as an image scientist for several decades, and am giving you my impression, but have not analysed the data to perform a more rigorous analysis, which would involve making assumptions about ephemeris data and sensor designs. I did take into consideration the time you posted, and applied by knowledge of available sensors, particularly in the commercial space environment.