So after working with film for a while with only a cursory technical understanding, I've started seriously shooting digital and I'm going buck-wild with the technical side of digital photography. I've recently encountered the "expose to the right" principle: digital sensors have to encode a logarithmic phenomenon into a linear space, so the amount of detail devoted to each successive stop drops exponentially from the brightest stop downward (please correct me if that's wrong or incomplete).
The advice I see stemming from this observation seem to center around minding your histogram (which my weirdo Leica M-D doesn't support...) to push your exposure as close to the right as possible without clipping.
The thing is, this sounds suspiciously similar to the film photography principle of exposing your shot to capture details in the shadows, letting film's silky-smooth nonlinear saturation handle the highlights, and then adjusting in the darkroom.
I've seen advice to use spot or center-weighted metering on the brightest point of a scene with an extreme upward exposure compensation to push things to the right. But why not do the film thing and expose for the shadows and let the highlights do what they will?
As I write this I realize highlight clipping is probably a factor, but humor me: maybe there are other reasons I'm not thinking of.