as you can read in the title I want to make a photo and a video from a solar eclipse. It should be very simple, fast and cheap, cause in 12 hours after I post this is the eclipse. I have only a Galaxy note 2 and galaxy note one as camera. Also it does not have to be a high quality record but I would like to film with the best quality as possible. So what do I need? What simple stuff could help me? Notice that I don't have any experience or knowledge about photography.
Use an unexposed and developed roll of film as a filter. It won't be great. The problem is the camera, this filter is legit. Here's an example of what you might get...
Eclipse 2012 Behind Clouds (Colorado, USA): https://youtu.be/QkbIn0e8_Rs
You can also use a welding shield but trying to buy a permanent one right before an eclipse is impossible. The auto-darkening ones won't really work.
NOTE: The total solar eclipse of 2015 is not visible from North America.
See the answer here: Is it dangerous to take pictures of the sun without any filter?
This can be VERY DANGEROUS for your camera!
Try the 'selfie pose' on your smartphone when you take a picture of the eclipse. It is a safe way to look at the sun and it won't damage the camera. ;)