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14

The Nikon FG-20 has an electronic shutter, which will not work properly if no battery is inserted. You can, with limited capabilities, still use the camera without a battery. Light metereing will of course not work, but the shutter speeds are also restricted to B and a mechanically controlled 1/90s indicated as 'M90' on the speed dial. Unfortunately, the ...


11

Usually, it does not affect or limit the aperture or shutter speed at all. Rather, it tells the exposure meter where the center is. In some ways, it's exactly like exposure compensation dials. If the camera has a program mode, it's essential information for getting exposure right. If it doesn't, like the Pentax K1000, it just shifts the exposure needle — if ...


10

It depends on the specific camera. The Pentax K1000, for example, only requires the battery for metering, but everything else is mechanical. On your camera, shutter timing is electronic and requires a battery — but according to the manual there is a special setting M90 which provides a 1/90th of a second shutter speed which is all mechanical and can be used ...


6

The function of an ISO setting completely depends on the camera: Fully manual, no meter camera (Early rangefinders/TLR's): May have had a dial or slot for you to store part of the film box as a reminder for you to remember what you loaded. Exposure calculation would be done with a handheld meter or would be assumed based on rules like Sunny-16. Cards were ...


4

The mirror dampening material, just like that of the light seals, is made of foamy rubber which degrades over time and becomes brittle. Unfortunately you cannot prevent this from happening. This isn't super catastrophic as this material is fairly and cheap to replace. Since you've noticed the material falling apart, I suggest you to replace the seals and ...


4

If you need autofocus, you'd be looking at Canon EOS, Minolta Maxxum, Nikon, and Pentax. (There are others, but they're usually outside of my price range.) I'd probably go with a Canon Rebel, despite the annoying CR123A batteries, because every EOS camera I've encountered so far has been functional. People get rid of working cameras because they can't be ...


4

It takes a LOT of damage from scratches or fairly sizeable obstructions before they become noticeable! These photos from Roger Cicala's blog entry at lensrentals.com illustrate just how far a lens can be damaged or obstructed with very little impact on image quality. Although it is true that the coatings on the surfaces of lens elements that face other lens ...


4

If the film advanced and you heard the shutter fire, there's a good chance you captured something. Based on info mattdm provides, the film may be under or over exposed, depending on whether photos were taken indoors or out, because of the fixed shutter speed. You can try using the camera while examining the shutter to see what happens. Consider taking the ...


3

Most of the frames you show look underexposed. But there are some that look like they might be okay. Can you explain in detail how you arrived at the camera settings you used? A properly functioning AE-1 on full auto shouldn't produce such underexposed negatives. Were you using Aperture priority with F22? Did you have it in manual mode and ignore the meter? ...


2

Changing the size of the focusing screen is not reasonably possible. jarnbjo explains why the focusing screen is the same size as the film format: The focusing screen is always the same distance from the lens as the film you are intending to expose, otherwise you could not use it to focus. It is therefore also the same size as the film format... The size ...


2

Your question looks straightforward but it is not so easy, indeed ! Ken Rockwell’s overview is quite exhaustive. Basically, AF-S and AF-I would be a good match for both your FE10 and your D5600. Most if not all AF-I are telezoom/telephoto. Furthermore, no AF-S with E, no AF-S with G of course would match your needs as they have no aperture ring. For ...


2

A full list of Nikon lenses which can auto-focus with the D5x00 line is available on Wikipedia at List of Nikon F-mount lenses with integrated autofocus motor. The lenses with an aperture ring are those without a G in their designation. So, for example, the first suitable lens in the list, under wide-angle primes, is the AF-S Nikkor 28mm f/1.4E ED.


2

I have access to a T-22 (similar to T-43). The flange focal distance is very short. It can be used as a close-up or macro lens on SLRs, but will not be able to focus to infinity. Teleconverters are designed to work with lenses that have FFD that match your camera. Since the T-43 has a shorter FFD, it's unlikely to work. I tried the T-22 with an OM mount ...


2

I've had my RB67 Pro for a few years now, and have occasionally done long exposures using two separate cable releases. Mamiya's double cable release is no different, as it is virtually a 2-in-1 cable release. You may as well use a hairpin to set off the shutter when the lens is in mirror up mode. So, unfortunately, the only way to close the shutter in T ...


2

Xiota gives a good summary. As you note, it's the lens system that makes it budget - old film cameras are all cheap unless a collector's item. 'Budget' preferably means low cost but good optical quality. As good autofocus lenses can be used on modern cameras, cheap ones tend to be low grade. So that leads you to manual focus lenses. The new mirrorless ...


1

Any kind of focus tracking ("AI focus" and the like) requires the camera to refocus between shots, and focusing requires the lens to be fully open. Also, you can use your DoF test button with aperture set to something small (f/16..) to see how the image looks like when the diaphragm is closed, and you will observe that this is a lot dimmer than what you ...


1

For an SLR, moving the aperture blades will be a lot less effort than moving the mirror. So I doubt that there is a universal answer independent of camera model.


1

I'm pretty sure it's not Pentax K (PK) mount. It might be Nikon F (NF) mount. All of the control and communication linkages are missing, but the page you link seems to indicate this is normal for that lens. The alignment dot has the same position as NF. The locking slots are located between the flanges, like NF. The slot would adjacent to one of the ...


1

Try removing the battery and replace. Could be the contacts in the battery compartment are corroded -- burnish using a pencil eraser polishing both top and bottom contacts.


1

What does the ISO setting for mechanical 35mm film cameras actually do? In the simplest of terms, it is a setting that calibrates the meter. Let's assume we are shooting under "Sunny 16" conditions where a proper exposure of ISO/ASA 100 film would be 1/100 second at f/16. If we set the aperture to f/16 and meter the scene, the meter will show a ...


1

Agree with mattdm, but I wanted to spin it another way. It's where you tell the camera the ISO rating of the film you've put in it. In practice it works like exposure compensation and tells the light meter (or automatic exposure) how it should vary the aperture and shutter settings for correct exposure, but many people shooting 35mm film would just think "...


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