21 votes

How do I shoot birds against the sky to be faithful to their colour?

Well, in order to get good results, you'll have to make the plunge into non-auto settings. I'd recommend Manual mode. The problem you're running into here is that you are pointing your camera at a ...
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19 votes

Why does my camera's automatic mode render both white and black cards as more of a medium grey?

Your camera's light meter can't tell the difference between a black cat in a coal mine and a white cat in a snowstorm. It assumes everything you point your camera at is somewhere about halfway in ...
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  • 168k
13 votes
Accepted

Am I wrong to judge my exposure using my smartphone?

In theory, this should work perfectly. The combination of (shutter speed, aperture, ISO) determines the amount of light which falls on the sensor (per unit area), so should be transferable between ...
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  • 19.8k
12 votes
Accepted

Is it normal for Nikon DSLR viewfinder and live view shutter speeds to differ?

It's a case of 'read the manual'. Page 54 - D600 manual. Just posting in case any one else ponders this. Exposure Depending on the scene, exposure may differ from that which would be ...
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10 votes
Accepted

Why does holding the focus and recomposing also affect the brightness of my photo?

It sound like your camera is locking the exposure in addition to the focus when you perform a half shutter press. This would explain the overexposure when moving from a dark river to the bright sky: ...
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10 votes
Accepted

How to get exposure right in night photography?

In my experience my camera metering will overexpose everything once it gets darker. There are a number of things you can do about that: Make sure the meter is looking at the part of the scene that ...
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  • 31.2k
8 votes
Accepted

How well do smart phone light meter apps work?

Disclosure: I'm the guy behind Cine Meter and Cine Meter II, so take what I say with a grain of salt, grin. Do these apps really work, or are they gimmicks? They really work, within the limits of ...
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  • 196
8 votes
Accepted

What is the red grid pattern appearing in the video?

That is an auto-focus assist light shone by another photo camera that is left from the video camera. This link explains how this light works on Nikon DSLR cameras. As far as I know it is similar to ...
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8 votes

With the same camera settings, will a photo always be exposed correctly across different cameras?

Even in theory there are differences in the way digital sensors and films record light that makes ISO values only approximate. But these differences are usually fairly subtle and theoretically ...
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  • 168k
8 votes

Is spot metering just an EV compensation?

Is spot metering just an EV compensation? Metering, regardless of type, and exposure compensation are different functions with different purposes. Metering is used to obtain exposure exposure ...
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  • 26.3k
7 votes
Accepted

Why are gray cards, and not red or other colour, used for camera metering?

Gray is used because it's indifferent to differences in color temperature. If you used an 18% red card in the shade, the cooler light would make the red card be a biased measurement standard. The same ...
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  • 2,331
7 votes
Accepted

How can I meter and focus on different places of an image with a Canon DSLR?

You can manually adjust exposure compensation, use exposure bracketing or use the high-dynamic range setting, which will internally combine a number of images made with different exposures into one ...
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7 votes

How do I shoot birds against the sky to be faithful to their colour?

Easiest fix Only shoot the bird when the sun is at your back, not behind the bird. Given how redtails circle where I am, I sometimes just wait as I draw a bead and follow them around the circle, to ...
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  • 49.1k
6 votes

Why do I meter under the chin with a lightmeter?

Lightmeters are superior to in camera metering because they are able to measure the incident light, not just the light reflected off the subject. Reflected light metering is less accurate as the ...
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  • 117k
6 votes

Why would you have a light meter chose your aperture for you?

When we talk about flash photography; this is because the shutter speed does not contribute to the exposure from the flash. A flash will output a burst which last maybe 1/1000s, so changing the ...
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  • 206
6 votes

How do I meter for film photography?

The statements you read in the manual are the classical way of describing the correct exposure in simple words. Many manufacturers used similar descriptions in the past. These statements are generally ...
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  • 842
6 votes

If I use my digital camera (w/min. ISO of 200) as a light meter, how do I set exposure for ISO 100 film?

The Fuji X-T100 only has a limit of ISO 200 in Auto ISO. You can “Extend” or “Expand” the ISO to L which is 100 ISO. Keep the camera in jpeg as it appears shooting RAW limits it to ISO 200.
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  • 11.4k
6 votes
Accepted

Why did Ansel Adams say reflective metering was more common than incident metering?

The quote doesn't talk about metering but about recording light, i.e. photography (literally). most photos are of reflective objects, rather than of light sources, the occasional sunset ...
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  • 6,770
6 votes

Why did Ansel Adams say reflective metering was more common than incident metering?

The vast majority of Adams' most significant works were of landscapes in which much of the scene was miles away from the camera over very rough terrain. While Adams did often spend hours or even days ...
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  • 168k
6 votes
Accepted

How important is it to have a spot meter on the light meter?

A spot meter is handy to be able to read the reflectivity of an object in the scene precisely from a distance. It is like putting a telephoto lens on a meter to isolate one part of the subject. An ...
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  • 5,405
6 votes
Accepted

How would I manually compensate +1 stop on my light meter using the ISO setting?

So if my film ISO is 100, before metering and taking pictures with my camera, shouldn't I dial in 50 ISO on my light meter to compensate for that +1? Yes. You've got it. If your shutter speeds are ...
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  • 20.3k
5 votes

Why would you have a light meter chose your aperture for you?

You've only got the three variables to work with -- ISO, aperture, and shutter speed. When shooting in a studio environment, shutter speed doesn't really matter because you're relying upon the lights ...
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  • 12.3k
5 votes

What is the EV scale?

Exposure Value (or, EV) is a way of representing the brightness of a scene in a simple numeric scale. The scale is measured in "stops", a standard concept in photography where each stop is a doubling ...
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  • 140k
5 votes

How does a camera meter light when the shutter is closed?

Compact and "mirrorless" cameras meter and focus directly off the image sensor. SLR's do things differently, however. The usual setup is that somewhere up in the prism housing, on top of the camera ...
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  • 7,364
5 votes
Accepted

How does a camera meter light when the shutter is closed?

In SLRs, there is (often) a semi transparent mirror to direct the image to the view finder. Part of the image (and light) passes through, and is reflected in a different direction to go towards the ...
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  • 15.7k
5 votes

Why did Pentax change to open-aperture metering when this causes the need to stop-down for old lenses?

Legacy lenses tend to have a mechanical and or electrical coupling that tells the camera where the aperture ring is set without actually stopping down, so the meter in cameras built for this can take ...
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5 votes

How can I meter and focus on different places of an image with a Canon DSLR?

You can use the AE lock (*) button to lock the metering, and then use the shutter button to lock focus. You have several ways of separate metering and focus function from the shutter button half-...
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  • 49.1k
5 votes
Accepted

What's the difference between "exposure level indicator" and "exposure setting meter" in the Canon EOS 1DX Mark II viewfinder?

The scale on the bottom is not connected to the light meter. It shows you what you have set in terms of exposure compensation and/or auto exposure bracketing. It is only shown in exposure modes that ...
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  • 168k
5 votes
Accepted

Why is my Nikon D60's light meter causing overexposure in the non-auto modes?

Your Nikon D60 has several settings that could result in inaccurate exposure. Exposure Compensation The D60 allows for up to +/- 5 stops of EC. Spot Metering This metering mode uses only about 2.5% ...
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  • 168k
5 votes
Accepted

Relationship between shutter speed and amount of light?

The relationship is linear. Keep the shutter open for twice the time, get twice the light. This is known as "one stop", and you can use that in conjunction with your light meter to get the desired ...
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  • 140k

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