21 votes
Accepted

Why is my large format lens so much smaller (in length) than my 35mm-format lens?

The focal length is the distance from the (theoretical) center of the lens to the image plane. On the large format camera, there's a lot more camera between the lens and the film. The lenses are also ...
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  • 140k
18 votes

Why doesn't digital Large-Format exist?

It depends on how you define camera. In a sense, digital large format does exist, just not exactly in the way we might expect. There are commercial products called 'Digital Scanning Backs' that fit ...
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  • 167k
12 votes

What is produced by twisting the bellows?

The general/umbrella term is using camera movements. A tilt/shift (or perspective control) lens for an SLR is a very limited way of bringing such movements to a type of camera that doesn't natively ...
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  • 121
9 votes
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Can I shoot color film on any large format lens and camera?

The camera doesn't matter. The lens might. Many older lenses used glass that contained chemical elements that can shift color over time. Most notable are the lenses that used glass containing ...
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  • 167k
9 votes
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Why do large format cameras seem to keep vertical lines vertical rather than converging?

Its not quite restricted to large format, but is most common there. Whats going on is that on a large format camera, the front "standard" which holds the lens can move independently of the rear ...
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  • 2,341
9 votes

Will a small format lens focus correctly in a large format camera?

Focus is not the issue here. The issue is coverage. Any lens gathers light from a cone in front of it (angle depending on the focal length), and projects it to a cone behind it (angle depending on ...
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  • 161
8 votes

Why do large format cameras seem to keep vertical lines vertical rather than converging?

It is not about the size of the format, but how the lens moves with respect to the film or sensor plane. This particular case B maintains the 3 planes parallel: Lens, film plane, building. Again, ...
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  • 20.7k
8 votes
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Is aperture the same on different format of lenses?

One of the challenges early photographers faced was, how can we set the lens so it delivers a predicable amount of exposing light and how we interchange this exposing intensity between different ...
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8 votes
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Cannot get true blacks with my enlarger

Three things to check in this situation. Are your prints fully developed (that is, are you developing by time rather than snatching the print when it looks right under the safelight)? Adox seems to ...
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  • 5,805
6 votes
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Use of DOF adapters in stills photography

The "telecompressor" you mentioned is a focal reducer, a device that concentrates the image in order to project it onto a smaller sensor. This approach reduces the backfocus distance (the distance ...
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  • 117k
6 votes
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Graphlex 4x5 Lens Hood and Filters - How Do They Mount?

Filters are mounted using a “filter adapter”. These were aluminum rings with a diameter slightly larger than the lens barrel. Various sizes were commonly available and we selected one that just ...
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6 votes
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How do I shoot expired film?

You can do an approximate conversion by rounding 320 to 300. But also it's two and a half decades old. You mentioned adding a stop for every decade after the purchase date. Do you know the purchase ...
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6 votes

Why doesn't digital Large-Format exist?

Large Sense LLC is advertising their LS911 8×10 digital camera, as well as their LS55 5×5 digital camera. Both of them are in the prototype or development stages at the moment, so they're not exactly ...
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6 votes

Should I expect a new-to-me large-format shutter to require maintenance?

Short answer, yes, this issue is expected. That Copal No. 1 is probably between thirty and sixty years old, and in professional service would have been expected to receive a CLA (Clean, Lube, Adjust) ...
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  • 5,805
5 votes

Is there any demand for medium or large format film photography?

Once one understands the advantages of a medium format camera it becomes obvious that there are situations that such a camera would make sense. It is unlikely that a client will specifically request ...
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  • 45.7k
5 votes

B&W Negative Tray Developing: Uneven Development

A lack of uniformity in a mundane expanse such as the sky likely traces back to the developing technique. The first thing I would do is re-fix these negatives in the hope that they were under-fixed. ...
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5 votes

How do I shoot expired film?

I am not sure where you live, but in my part of the world (central Europe) an attic would be a terrible place to store film. They do get rather hot in the summer. For a film stored in cellar (another ...
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  • 5,900
5 votes
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Storing pinhole photos in the field

While some care is needed to avoid accidental light leaks, light-proofing a container enough to safely store film or paper is not a colossal effort. Something as simple as duct tape over a few ...
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  • 2,275
5 votes

Is aperture the same on different format of lenses?

You need to remember that the f-stop number is the ratio of the diameter of the entrance pupil (virtual image of the aperture opening seen from the front of the lens) to the focal length. So if the ...
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  • 5,012
4 votes

Is there a reason to use folding bellows instead of my bag bellows for a range of lenses?

Only if you prefer the ease of use with folding bellows as compared to bag bellows. Bag bellows can be prone to sag in a way that partially blocks some of the light from the lens. Depending on the ...
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  • 167k
4 votes
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How do I activate the shutter on a Schneider Kreuznach 135/3.5 Xenotar for Linhof?

Your shutter is a Linhof-branded Synchro Compur. (Only the bezel part is Linhof.) It appears from the picture you posted to have a press focus (the little square tab/button thing near the shutter ...
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4 votes

How to store exposed sheet film

Wrap the sheets in aluminum foil, make two such envelopes. This will do the trick.
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4 votes
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Can alignment of the bed rails of a Speed Graphic be repaired?

The white plastic pieces don't look like they belong. When comparing your photos to my Crown Graphic, the bed and rails appear the same but I definitely don't have anything that looks like the white ...
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4 votes

What resolution can I reach with a B/W paper negative?

Here are some differences between paper and film that will affect the image resolution acutance, resolution, and resolving power. Paper: The emulsion normally used for paper is relatively ...
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  • 5,385
4 votes
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Very long exposure with large format camera

It's certainly possible - Danny Spence (http://nightflyphotography.blogspot.com/2010/07/large-format-astrophotography.html) has done some astrophotography with 15 minute exposures on 4x5 film, and a ...
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  • 2,903
4 votes

What kind of lenses with a "slightly different diffraction behaviour" were used in "large format photography in the 1980s"?

Apodizations filters in large format lenses were very popular in the 1980s. The baffles in such lenses can significantly affect the diffraction characteristics of such lenses. Although lenses such as ...
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  • 167k
3 votes

B&W Negative Tray Developing: Uneven Development

I feel your processing times are off. I agree with Marcus that the development time for your sheet film is too short. It also looks as though you may not have covered the sheet of film completely at ...
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  • 5,385
3 votes

Can I shoot color film on any large format lens and camera?

Cameras are boxes that focus light onto a plane. That process works regardless of what you put at that plane. Whether it's black and white film, color film, or a digital sensor doesn't matter to the ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Can I use a 300mm lens on a Graflex Speed Graphic?

To focus at infinity you will need to place the lens board 300mm in front of the film plane. To focus any closer you will have to place the lens even further away from the lens plane. So unless you ...
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  • 167k

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