12

The first thing I did not know from the beginning was that keywords are hierarchical. Based on your question, I see you know that so you are already ahead of where I started. Other than that: Make clear a hierarchy that has an unambiguous meaning even at the expense of being redundant. For example, city hall can be anywhere but montreal city hall has to be ...


11

When you select multiple photos, the asterisk * indicates that particular keyword has only been applied to a subset of the selection. So, all the photos you've selected have the keywords Bob, mom and grill; only some (or at least one) has the keyword Jane.


8

As somebody who has worked in the book and magazine publishing industry for more than a decade I can say with certainty that it matters less whether you use singular or plural words, and more that you are consistent with their use. That said, I always aim to use the singular version of the tag.


7

Open Lightroom and select the folders containing the images that you want to synchronize in 'Library'. Select the 'master' image (the one with the title and keywords you want to replicate) and then select the images you want to apply the master information to. You'll notice that the master frame stays a little brighter. Click on 'Sync Metadata' at the lower ...


6

Photo Contents or Containers of Photos You generally have two options when it comes to tags. The first option is to infer that a tag has direct meaning about the subject of a photograph or its traits. The second option is to infer that a tag is a container of photographs that have certain subjects, or subjects with certain traits. With the former, you would ...


5

I think it is most important to consider how you will use tags to actually retrieve and categorize photos. If you need to search for a photo using the word "birds" you will(and should) search for "bird" to find both forms of the word. This is really the end of the debate as far as I am concerned. I can tag with either in cases like this but when I go to ...


4

Yes to your title question. No to the one related to EXIF data. You can specify on import any number of static keywords but, without a third-party plugin, there does not seem to be a way to create keywords dynamically. What puzzles me is why would you want to add keywords from the EXIF since that would only duplicate information. Lightroom is equally ...


4

The inherited ancestor keywords are second-class citizens compared to the keywords you explicitly apply. The ancestors won't show up as checked boxes in the Keyword List, for example. Instead, the ancestor keywords will be applied at export. There are (at least) two ways to verify that this is the case: Export the photograph. For example, if you publish to ...


4

I wrote up an article on how I set mine up and why about a year ago that's gotten pretty good feedback: http://photography.chuqui.com/thoughts-on-lightroom-keywords/ I've found since then almost no need to go in and tweak this, so it seems like a solid design.


4

First, use Lightroom's Save Metadata to File command (in the Metadata menu or via Ctrl/Cmd+S shortcut) to make sure the metadata saved in the JPG or XMP files (including keywords) are in sync with Lightroom's database. Then add the desired EXIF data to the image files (for JPG files) or XMP sidecar files (for raw image files) using exiftool. For instance, ...


4

The easiest way it to use multiple selection. On Windows that means using CTRL-Click to select more than one image or SHIFT-Click to select consecutive images. Then, you just type in the keywords in the appropriate box on the right panel and press enter. You can select images by filtering first. If the filer-bar is not visible, press / and then select the ...


4

Ok, it seems the only way to do this, is using the Filter Bar. In the Keyword column, there is a little box to the right for the view settings, and here I can choose between Hierarchical and Flat. When it is on Flat, then only photos with the selected keyword are shown.


4

Are you wondering about the distinct list of keywords in an entire catalog or are you wondering about the number of keywords for a single image? I am doubtful that there is any practical limit to the number of keywords allowed in a Lightroom catalog. It wouldn't make sense to have an artificial limit in the software itself but it is possible. Lightroom is ...


4

Your example is in fact worse than you realize: the rule keywords contain words John Doe will find photos with the keyword John Irvin Doe, John Joseph Doe, John Doe, as well as partial matches like Jane Doe and John Smith. The trick is quotes: a filter with the rule keywords contain words "John Doe" will find only the keyword "John Doe."


3

Manual Placement If you have entered the Metadata, then you can use the Library Filter for Metadata > Location to select all photos with that data. Then, making sure they are selected, click on the 'Map' tab. Zoom into Paris (or just search), and Ctrl-click (Windows) or Command-click (Mac OS) the map location OR right-click or Control-click (Mac OS) the ...


3

Try what Itai said, using the Lightroom settings to recognize dot (.) and/or slash(/). However it should be noted that the exporting application you are using is doing it bad, because the exif information exported should be in a list. This list is what any application will first look for. I think your application only creates a single entry with all the ...


3

If you want to edit the hierarchy using SQLite as suggested in bleything's answer, note that (at least in LR4; not sure about 3) the keyword hierarchy is actually represented in two different places in the AgLibraryKeyword table: sqlite> select id_local, parent, genealogy, lc_name from AgLibraryKeyword; [...] 1757015|989984|/240/6802186/6989984/71757015|...


3

Lightroom is great about using the fairly standard EXIF and ITPC meta fields for things. Keywords, for example, are stored in the keywords field. Since those are standard fields, other programs and websites can read that meta, also. It's actually pretty simple to do in most languages; I've written some Perl stuff with Exiftool to read/write this meta. ...


3

The keyword box and keyword field below it work differently. The latter makes it easy to do what you want by inserting comma-separated keywords. Once you press Enter, all the words apply and the image is moved out of the collection but the point is that you can now apply multiple keywords at once. If you really do not like commas, you must change it to ...


3

Your question isn't correctly written. I'll try to untangle it, tough. You cannot say that till "n" keywords you won't get any performance degradation and from "n"+1 (ok, "n"+100 or whatever) you suddenly will feel it. The performance degradation is a quite incremental process. It is rather an oblique line and not a stair-like graph. Also, of course, it ...


3

The closest thing I can think of to a single-click method for applying multiple keywords to a photo is to create a metadata preset: In the Metadata panel, pull down the Preset drop-down and say Edit Presets... Click "Check None" to clear any existing preset Scroll almost all the way to the bottom of the list to the Keywords section. Type your keywords into ...


2

To quote another answer, "Most, if not all, search engines do stemming and thus they will provide the same result set for "dog" as for "dogs" they will often return similar result sets for "swim" and "swimming"." This is true if you are talking about Google, Bing, or Yahoo, but not if you are talking about stock house search engines. While a few of the big ...


2

Most of Jeffrey Friedl's export plugins allow the opportunity to include EXIF data as metadata in the description / caption / keyword fields with tokens. Specifically I use the free (donationware) Metadata Wrangler Plugin. In your case you could use the "Special Keyword Processing" section to add keywords using these tokens on export: {CameraMake} {...


2

That depends on how you upload to the photo service and/or how the photo service's API is implemented in Lightroom 4 (if you use LR4). I know that if you use LR4's syncing platform that it'll upload keywords etc of the photos to SmugMug.com (just tried it) and keep those keywords in sync if you change them. I haven't tried Flickr's syncing but I'd assume ...


2

It actually works the way you would expect, it's just not documented (at least as far as I know...I had to experiment to figure this out). In library module, grid mode, enable Text search. Choose Keywords -> Contain, and type in "Max !Maddie". You should get a list of results that contain the keyword Max exclusive of the keyword Maddie. Now, that is not ...


2

For your own purposes, the geolocation features might serve well to help you "locate" your photos. Consider export, however... if you're sharing those photos elsewhere and that venue doesn't have a geolocation search, folks might be searching for keywords. Let's say you have a bunch of great images of your city and you put them online... if folks search ...


2

In the export dialog, find the Metadata section: Change the include selection to be either "Copyright Only" or "Copyright and Contact Info Only". Your photos will not include any Keywords or other EXIF information. If you wanted to retain the EXIF information, but still exclude keywords, I believe you have to export with the keywords and then use a command ...


2

If you use the default "without keywords" that installed with lightroom, it is a smart collection, meaning all the photos in the collection match a set of criteria and are included in the collection. As soon as you add the first keyword, the picture will disappear because it has a keyword and no longer matches the criteria for inclusion in the collection. ...


2

Short answer: It can be, depending on what you'll do. Long answer: Usually, from database/storage point of view, the keywords engine is split in two (groups of) tables. Now I'll take in consideration the simplest case with just two tables which will explain pretty clearly (IMHO) the phenomenon. The first (group of) table(s) is the table which holds the ...


2

Keyword shortcuts can do this, but the downside is that its tied to Keyboard shortcuts, so you will likely run out of keyboard keys to use (and brainpower to remember them all). I do not believe LR does exactly what you are seeking, and perhaps you should send your use case to the LR product team. However, at the risk of disappointing you, here is how you ...


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