Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions about specific terms used within photography

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5
votes
1answer
77 views

What is the difference between Diffraction Spikes and Lens Flare?

When Googling for lens flare, one often finds images that also include stars (rays / diffraction spikes), like this: What is the difference between diffraction spikes and lens flare and are the two ...
4
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1answer
109 views

What does “normalizing the curve” mean?

A colleague mentioned a course in digital signal processing where he remembered the expression "normalizing the curve" or "normalizing the image" to make it as accurate as possible and get better ...
2
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3answers
154 views

I took this photo of a sunset a few years ago. Would this image be considered a low or high contrast image?

I’m confused because there are dark silhouettes at the bottom of the image. I’ve been taught that if there are dark shadows and silhouettes, it will almost always be a high contrast image. Can someone ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Is there a category name for pictures where an object fills a relatively small part of the frame against a bold, single-color background?

I am a web developer whose knowledge about photography is very limited. I am trying to find keywords to search for more pictures like the following. where there is a picture of an object with pure ...
2
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6answers
99 views

Objective vs. Lens

I'm working at a German company that is building production machines. These machines are using cameras and microscopes to align small structures. Because we sell them worldwide we have to properly ...
16
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5answers
2k views

What are the benefits of the classic f-number scheme?

Classic ƒ numbers are entrance pupil diameter as a fraction of focal length. This seems like a slightly strange choice as exposure is proportional to area rather than diameter. Naively I would think ...
1
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2answers
58 views

What is it called when overhead lighting causes a face to be in shadow?

I've noticed that bathrooms often have overhead lighting (typically pot lights). The lighting makes it so I can't see my own face in the mirror due to the shadows. Sure, I'm not actually taking loads ...
1
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5answers
174 views

How does PPI relate to DPI in photo metadata?

I have been asked to provide pictures in JPEG format at a resolution of 300DPI. My computer give me a picture sizes in kilobytes and Photoscape the photo editing package that I use, converts ...
2
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4answers
181 views

What do 'glowing' and 'flat' describe in black and white photographs?

In the development of B&W film rolls, people often talk about their result being flat or glowing. What do these terms mean? I now have Tri-X 400 roll (not yet developed). How can I achieve ...
5
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2answers
2k views

What is the meaning of “stock” dilution on the Massive Dev Chart website?

I'm looking at the Massive Dev Chart website. It shows a table like this: What's the meaning of stock dilution there? How should we prepare the developer on that condition?
1
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1answer
59 views

What's the difference between Wide Angle and Wide Field?

In microscopy, the term wide field is often used to describe lenses that increase your field of view when looking through a microscope. I haven't heard the term used in photography, but have heard ...
6
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2answers
144 views

What does “OEM” mean in the context of camera equipment?

I've often heard people refer to some camera gear or parts as "OEM". For example from this site, lenses, flashes, and batteries. What does this actually mean?
1
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2answers
186 views

What's the name of this style of looping photos?

What is this style of photo looping called?
0
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1answer
143 views

What does “II” mean on micro four thirds lenses?

I've seen micro four thirds lenses listed with the term 'II'. See the below sample listings. What is this term called and why it is used? Panasonic Lumix G 20mm f/1.7 II ASPH. Lens Olympus M.Zuiko ...
0
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3answers
144 views

What is the quality or characteristics of photos of different cameras or lenses called?

Given, the fact that every camera has a distinct photo look in its result, is there a technical term that is used for denoting this aspect, which basically denotes the nature of photos a particular ...
1
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1answer
74 views

What defines an “objective”?

I'm not experienced in photography and would like to get some knowledge about the terminology. My question is: What defines an objective? Or: When would you define something as an objective? I mean, ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

What is “Photo Chromography” and when would it have been in use?

I have an old photo of a woman that is in a very thick beveled glass and on the back it has print stating "Photo Chromography". It is an advertisement saying "This the most recent discovery in ...
0
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5answers
221 views

What is the proper name of this camera shot? [closed]

It looks a concave shot. But I am weak in photography. What is the proper name of this camera shot?
2
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1answer
367 views

What is pixel peeping and why do some people say should I avoid it?

What is pixel peeping? Is there a benefit in doing it? What do I have to keep in mind when I peep my pixels?
5
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2answers
354 views

What is the difference between color calibration and white balance?

Apologies if this is a stupid question but I haven't been able to figure it out. In both cases the images are adjusted such that the color aren't influenced by the color of the illumination right? Or ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

What is lens astigmatism?

Can someone simply explain astigmatism and its different types? How are they caused in lenses, and how can they be identified in images? I'm looking for a simple, understandable explanation. I've ...
3
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4answers
2k views

Is there a “normal” working distance?

I consider a "normal", comfortable working distance (when photographing people) to be about 6 ft (180 cm). But then it occurred to me that there might be a technical definition for a "normal" distance ...
9
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2answers
694 views

What does “AUTO-ZOOM” mean on my Zuiko lens?

"Auto-zoom" is written on my Zuiko 35~70mm lens, is this a name of some lens technology?
2
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1answer
109 views

What's the term for two or more still images combined to create a “gif like” frozen-in-time effect?

I'm having a hell of a time trying to remember this type of photography. In it, there's two or more still images are taken in rapid succession (near same time) and then combined to create a "gif like"...
0
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2answers
149 views

Do I need a Zoom, Macro, or Telephoto lens for birds and sports? [duplicate]

What lens should I purchase to take pictures of fast moving subjects at a distance, magnify them with crisp detail so to speak freeze them in action, and bring them close (as subjects for my drawings ...
0
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2answers
102 views

What does it mean speed of lens in analogue photography? [duplicate]

When reading some reviews on lenses in cons or pros are noted speed of lens. What does it means when we are talking about analogue cameras without autofocus?
3
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2answers
124 views

What is the technique called where you “simplify” a photo through reducing the complexity of colors in it?

Years ago, I read a blog entry about a photographer whose style included the "reduction of the complexity of colors" in the portraits that she took. It somewhat involved taking the three primary ...
0
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3answers
223 views

What is the difference between Panasonic Lumix FZ1000 and Panasonic DMC-Lumix FZ1000

I am looking at the cameras Panasonic Lumix FZ1000 and Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ1000. Are they the same camera? What are the features that makes them different, if that is the case.
-1
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1answer
359 views

What questions should I ask some who has a photography hobby? [closed]

I asked a friend of mine what hobbies they liked. One was photography. What impressive question can I go back with to make a conversation? I know nothing about photography
0
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3answers
409 views

How exactly is “flange” defined in the term ''flange distance"

The concept of a flange distance is something I understand on a theoretical level, but not so much on a practical level. It is debatably the most important measurement in the camera, determining the ...
0
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2answers
401 views

What is the difference between a 3D camera and a stereo camera?

I just started with image processing and came across 3D cameras. But, I couldn't understand much. Are 3D cameras same as stereo cameras? My understanding of stereo cameras is that there will be two ...
0
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3answers
98 views

Is there a specific term for a tripod on wheels with handbrake in handle?

A while back, I used a tripod which was on wheels, but had a handbrake built into the handle which made it quick and painless to unlock, move, relock the tripod into place. Additionally, for video ...
1
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1answer
128 views

What are photographic “typologies”?

I recently encountered the phrase "Becher typologies". While, I understand the meaning of typology with respect to classification and categorization, Becher typologies do not seem to fit this ...
7
votes
2answers
929 views

In photography, are skin color and skin tone two different things?

"Skin color" and "skin tone" sometime seem to be used interchangeably and sometimes not. Do they mean the same thing, i.e., do they both mean literally color (= % of magenta vs yellow etc.) PLUS how ...
2
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3answers
3k views

What do the F and f numbers written on lens mean?

On this particular lens rim is written "F:2.6 f=3.8mm". What does it mean? Focal point 3.8 mm and aperture 1/2.6 of the focal point ???
2
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2answers
466 views

In photography and videography, what is a long shot / wide shot?

I was trying to find out what a "wide shot" is. I figured it should be an industry standard term. I searched Google with various search terms like: photography what does it mean to take a wide shot ...
6
votes
2answers
818 views

What is “veiling glare”? How does it affect my photos, and how can I avoid it?

Someone mentioned that "veiling glare" or "veiling flare" was to blame for reduced contrast in a photo. What does this mean exactly? What causes veiling glare, and how can it be avoided? How does it ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

What/who is a 'guy with camera' or 'GWC?

Recently (mainly) in the hobbyist model photography world I've been hearing the term 'Guy with camera' or 'GWC' thrown around, usually in a derogatory way, by models, photographers and other creatives....
2
votes
1answer
844 views

What does “Di III” in a Tamron lens model name mean?

A Tamron "Di" (Digitally Integrated) lens is a lens optimized for digital cameras including those with 36x24mm 'full frame' sensors. A Tamron "Di II" (Digitally Integrated II) lens is a lens ...
20
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4answers
4k views

What is GAS and how can I avoid it?

What is this GAS that all the pros talk about? It sounds pretty bad. How do I avoid it? Is there a cure?
0
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2answers
153 views

What is a “deported” flash?

What does it mean when someone describes a flash as deported? Is it the same thing as saying a flash is "off camera?" Or is there something else which is also needed to qualify it as deported?
2
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2answers
127 views

Etymology of the word “stofen” (and other names for the same thing)

Does anyone know the origin of the the word "stofen" and its correct — or at least accepted — spelling? I've seen it spelt "stofen" (which seems to be the most frequent variant), "Stofen", and "Sto-...
4
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4answers
112 views

What is the antonym of “feathering” in lighting?

If I have to tell someone to move "unfeather" the light and point it towards the subject, what verb should I use? Gather?
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What does “magnification” mean?

When speaking about lenses, especially for macro-photography, I often hear about magnification. Sometimes it appears in the form of a ratio (1:1, 1:2), sometimes as a single number (0.5x). Sometimes ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the meaning of the term “Gear” that photographers say?

I hear the word "Gear" often in photography discussion, as in "camera gear". Does gear mean the equipment like the camera itself, lens, grey card? I don't find a definition for it anywhere. Please ...
2
votes
3answers
106 views

Collective Term for HDR, Panorama, AEB, Focus Stacking?

Is there an almost-universally recognized term for shooting multiple shots to create a single photo? I'm trying to create a singular heading to discuss the topics of HDR, panorama, auto exposure ...
5
votes
2answers
146 views

What is the term for an area in a studio, with a backdrop, floor cover, and props?

I am in the very beginning stages of exploring my interest in becoming a photographer. My photography specific vocabulary isn’t what it should be yet, so please bear with me. When you set up an area ...
-4
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1answer
215 views

What is it called [closed]

When the point starts in the middle and goes in ever expanding circles till it ends up on the outside of the lens area. It ends up looking like the inside of a seashell?
13
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3answers
5k views

What is a resolution unit?

Please note, I'm not asking what resolution is! I've processed a raw image and exported from Photoshop, and I've just noticed something in the image details that I've never seen before (I don't think)...
1
vote
2answers
420 views

What is an “auto electric shutter”?

In looking at the characteristics of a TV-camera called VEC-255-IP, I came across: DIP switch modes: 1) "AES" - auto electric shutter 2) "DC IRIS". What is an auto-electric shutter? Is it different ...