Questions tagged [sensor]

A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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Can the sun damage the sensor on a mirrorless camera?

I'm researching a good technique for taking pics of the upcoming solar eclipse and I want to use my Sony NEX-6 mirrorless camera. I found this question here from 2010 but no one brings up mirrorless ...
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What are causes for image sensor getting heated? Does Live View cause more heat?

As I have known so far, image sensor gets heated when being exposed to light for longer time. Is there any other reason why an image sensor gets heated? Does heating depends on sensor type (like CCD, ...
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How to deal with single channel overexposure?

I've been shooting quite a few gigs at clubs/concerts and repeatedly experience issues with scenes lit by small bandwidth lights (for example lasers). These lights cause a single channel to ...
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What does lens resolution expressed in megapixels mean? [duplicate]

In this review of the Nikon D3300 w/ 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G, Tony Northrup says that because the kit lens of Nikon D3300 is 9 mega pixel, you won't use all 24 mega pixel provided by the sensor. What is ...
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How can I tell if a camera sensor is damaged?

I own a Sony a6500 and primarily use it for filmmaking. I was trying to clean the mirrorless sensor and used a rocket air blower to get dust out of the sensor but accidentally knocked it against the ...
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490 views

What do “dark current” and “sensitivity” mean for a camera module?

I am looking at a camera module to be used for a project which deals in shooting frames in dark areas and night conditions. This is a camera used from a circuit board. I have the following light ...
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How are pixel value and intensity related?

How does the value of a pixel at any point correspond to the intensity of light photons striking at that point? Is there any mathematical relation between these two? 1 pixel value = ?? lumen.
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what's the relation between sensor size and image quality (noise, dynamic range)?

I'm reading this description on sensor size: Digital compact cameras have substantially smaller sensors offering a similar number of pixels. As a consequence, the pixels are much smaller, which ...
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What settings should be used for self-cleaning sensors?

This question mentioned a self cleaning sensor. I have a few questions in reference to self cleaning sensors. Is there a reason to clean the sensor at startup, shutdown, (or both) automatically? Can ...
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531 views

When is it more suitable to have a full sensor-camera instead of a crop sensor-one?

I've been reading about this a bit, and I get the sense that full sensor-cameras are best suited for shooting landscapes, whilst crop sensor-cameras are preferable for portraits and close-ups. Please ...
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Can I clean dust from a scratched sensor?

I have a camera with a scratched sensor (a Canon 1Ds Mk II) - can I clean the dust from the sensor? And if yes, how? By using the wet method? Or just by blowing air? The scratch is in the middle. ...
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Does cleaning the camera sensor affect its autofocus capabilities?

I cleaned my dirty sensor of nikon d3400 few days back and the dirt spots are gone now. But a random thought came to me which is troubling me now. I wanted to know if cleaning the sensor could alter ...
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What do those black image corners mean?

I've downloaded a sample RAW image from the brand new compact superzoom camera Sony DSC-RX10 Mark IV and opened in RAW Therapee 5.2. As the camera is very new, the program doesn't know how to handle ...
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Keeping mirrorless camera sensors clean; tips? [duplicate]

I have a Sony A7S II which I adore; but—like every other camera—it too has its disadvantages. For me, one of those disadvantages is the sensor which is exposed when you switch lenses. And a simple "...
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Convert RGB camera to infrared, but 3 channels not just 1?

A common way to make an infrared camera is to remove a commodity camera's IR-blocking filter (and add another filter to block the visible spectrum). Is there a similarly cheap way to convert an RGB ...
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Reconciling gain (e/ADU), full well capacity and ADC bit depth

I have a CCD sensor datasheet which cites the following parameters in accordance with the EMVA 1288 standard: ADC bits 14 bits Well depth 17273 e- Gain (e-/ADU) 0.17 I'm unable to reconcile ...
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How is the spectral response of a camera typically measured?

I cannot find any resources that detail a standardized method of measuring the spectral response of a camera. Does such a standard exist? Does anyone know how to do this? To give some context, I'm ...
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Is “Ultrapixels” just marketing or is there a real benefit?

HTC has branded the sensor in its new phone (the HTC One) to be "Ultra pixels". For the same sensor size it only gives you 4MP where today's standard for top of the line smartphones is 8MP and up. Of ...
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What is the nature of noise in small-sensor cameras, and can it be overcome in the future?

What is the physical nature of noise in small-sensor cameras? Is it thermal noise in the semiconductor? Is there hope that in a couple of years, noise in small sensors will disappear, and small ...
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What factors affect the dynamic range of a sensor?

I understand what dynamic range is, but I'm interested in what it is that allows different sensors to have increased dynamic range over other sensors. For example, the classic explanation of a sensor ...
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dB ratings for sensor SNR, what do they specify exactly?

I find the use of dB values to specify sensor properties confusing.. A rating of 20dB SNR at a given ISO setting could mean, assuming a reasonably linear system: RMS noise voltage and thus luminance ...
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820 views

How is spectral sensitivity of a camera calculated?

I understand that to recreate the spectral response of a camera's sensor, you need to use a monochromator/spectrometer to get calibrated images. But I'm not sure where you go from there. When looking ...
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Sensor hangs loose in the body when camera is switched off

I own a Panasonic DMC-G81 (same as G80/G85) with in-body Image Stabilization. When turned on everything is just fine, but when turned off, the sensor is wobbling around in the body. When no lens ...
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Does the Canon EOS Rebel T5/1200D have any dust related problems?

I’m planning on purchasing the Canon EOS Rebel T5/1200D very soon. It’s the only DSLR that fits my budget (other one is the Nikon D3100 which I don't plan to get). I like everything about the camera ...
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Camera suddenly sees much less than usual

I've been out taking pictures all day without any real problems. After getting home I wanted to take one last quick shot, in that moment I realized my camera was struggling to turn on, after a while ...
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How can Sony A7r iii get more dynamic range than A7r ii from the same sensor?

Acording to this article https://fstoppers.com/gear/sony-announces-a7r-iii-solid-improvements-built-around-previous-generations-424-201012 the Sony A7r iii uses the exact same sensor as it’s ...
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Is it possible for a camera to take different exposures at the same time with different ISO's?

I don't know exactly how ISO works within a digital camera, but from a video I saw, it described it as the camera essentially brightening the image from the sensor, given the same amount of light from ...
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Are there industry standards or specs for image sensor resistance to damage from intense light?

While the occasional snapshot that includes the sun is generally safe, there are certainly combinations of lens and duration that can damage an image sensor if the sun or other sufficiently bright ...
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Quilted/Tiled Image Sensor: How do you eliminate stripes of missing photos in huge quilted sensors?

Background: This question is largely inspired by one of the answers in: What limits the size of digital imaging sensors? So the answer mentions uber-large image sensors that are made by "quilting" or ...
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Sensor spot/dust testing - should test shots be exposed to the right?

I recently bought a new camera and have been doing some sensor spot/dust testing. In some sites/guides/videos, aside from the usual setup (ISO 100, F/22, focus to infinity, shoot at a blank white wall,...
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Why don't sensors have a wider aspect ratio?

than 3:2, like 16:9 or 16:10? Given the popularity of widescreen TVs and computer monitors with wide aspect ratios, and that most photos are viewed on a screen, rather than printed, and that the eye ...
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Does a long exposure in DSLR camera have a similar effect to a global shutter?

Regular DSLRs make use of mechanical shutters and progressive electrical readouts, and hence images are captured in a rolling shutter. But, when used to capture pictures with a long exposure, where ...
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Have cropped digital sensors reached their peak design limits?

APS-C and smaller sensors seem to have plateaued off in terms of their megapixel counts, possibly due to diffraction limits. The ISO performance of these sensors has not increased substantially in the ...
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What is this dead pixel problem really called?

On all photos from my last vacation I see this red point. It appears on in-camera JPGs as well as on RAW files. A see a red pixel in the same position on all pictures. How is this problem called? Is ...
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How does sensor size relate to image resolution?

How is it possible that with a particular sized sensor (say APS-C) it is possible to get different sized image cameras (by this I mean a 10 megapixel camera, a 15 megapixel camera etc)? Where does ...
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557 views

Does the Nokia Lumia 920 truly present any significant advancements in cameras?

Nokia is touting the new Nokia Lumia 920 as a breakthrough on many fronts for digital photography, even going so far as to say that it can achieve DSLR like results. Of course one of the things that ...
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Assuming a perfect sensor, what is the physical limit of ISO/pixel area?

Assuming that camera manufacturers can eventually make the perfect sensor that introduces no electrical noise to the signal, at what point (measured in ISO/area of a pixel) will shot noise be so ...
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Can we compare the color reproduction accuracy of 2 camera sensors only by looking its sensor spectral sensitivity curve?

I have the camera specifications from the manufacturer. The RGB quantum efficiency curve (I think it is also the spectral sensitivity curve) is provided. How can we compare these two cameras's quality ...
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Why does the Pentax K-01 have less DR than the Pentax K-5?

I thought that the K-01 and the K-5 both sported the same sensor, but checking their specifications in Snapsort I found that their Dynamic Range is different by a little bit more than 1 EV (12.9 EV vs ...
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Can condensation be formed in the camera sensor?

When entering a hot place after leaving a cold place, some condensation can be formed in the lens and manufacturers recommend you to avoid using the equipment in this state. So, if condensation can ...
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Sony NEX5: Why do I have a dark spot in my images? [duplicate]

When I look through the display, I see always a small grey circle at the same place. Also in the picture it's the same circle. When I change the lens, the circle is still there. So I assume it's ...
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How to show Sony NEX F3 image quality is better than Nikon 1 J1?

According to this site, Sony NEX F3's sensor is 3x as large as Nikons, and it's image quality is 73 vs Nikon's 56 (how on earth do you come up with a number for this?). I have been experimenting with ...
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What is the structure of a photosite?

I know that sensors are made from several (million) photosites. But what is in the photosites? What chemicals, if any? How are they made? What actually detects the light? I am looking for both CMOS ...
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Can lens stacking cause sensor damage?

Can damage be caused to a camera's imaging sensor (any size) simply by reversing, or stacking, lenses? Would stacking lenses cause a concentration of light to strike the sensor and perhaps damage ...
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How much light and resolution is lost to color filter arrays?

Color digital cameras are typically implemented by putting a color filter array (CFA) like a Bayer filter, plus an infrared cut filter, in front of a sensor that is sensitive to light frequencies ...
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What camera used the largest EXR sensor, and which one offered the largest EXR pixels?

I learned to appreciate Fuji's EXR sensor technology for travel and reporting photography when I used a Fuji X10. But like with all compact cameras, I feel a larger sensor and / or pixel size would ...
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Which digital cameras are using which sensors?

I was surprised to learn from https://photo.stackexchange.com/a/3434/4795 that Sony built sensors are used by a few major camera manufacutrers (eg. Nikon, Pentax...) Does anyone have a list or a link ...
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How does on-sensor phase detection AF not impact the image?

My understanding is that some of the photosites on the sensor have additional functionality in them to measure phase, which in turn uses some of the energy that would have otherwise registered as ...
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How to remove embedded sand from low pass/anti aliasing filter?

I have a canon 50d with obstructions on the sensor. Before any cleaning: I have tried to clean the filter with this kit. After cleaning with a blower (All shots at F36, ISO 100, 135MM, of a white ...
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Shooting images smaller than the sensor size

I have a d600 and I appreciate very much the high resolution I get (useful especially for landscapes), but for most other subjects I find 6000 x 4000 to be overkill, making post-processing ...

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