Questions tagged [macro]

Macro photography is a specialized area typically dealing with very small subjects. There are also "Macro Lenses" which are designed with macro photography in mind, and lower cost alternatives such as close up filters and extension tubes.

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33
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4answers
21k views

What is a macro lens?

I've read a few threads on here that mention some elementary descriptions of macro lenses and found some marketing fluff in the box for my Canon about them as well, but being a complete novice I was ...
12
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4answers
17k views

How do zoom, magnification, and focal length relate?

Zoom lenses and cameras with superzooms are often sold with a times ("×") zoom number — like a 12x zoom or 30x zoom. The question How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom? ...
32
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4answers
30k views

How can I calculate what the effect of an extension tube will be?

There must be a mathematical description of the difference that an extension tube makes to a lens -- is it something that can be easily described? (For example, with teleconverters you can say things ...
11
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13answers
2k views

What macro techniques offer an alternative to expensive optics?

I was wondering what are the alternative macro techniques people use instead of buying expensive macro optics. I know about single lens reverse macro technique; what other alternative techniques allow ...
7
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2answers
1k views

How can I get more of this macro photo in focus?

I want to make a full focus on the body, for example: I need to have a clear focus on the each balls in the photo. I used just single point focus. In this picture I used: shutter speed: 8 aperture: ...
28
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5answers
3k views

What are the best practices for DOF stacking?

What are the best practices for DOF stacking? How do you get the frames with focus just right amount apart? How do you stack them in post processing?
14
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2answers
2k views

How do I get adequate depth of field in macro photography?

I have been messing around with some Macro Photography using the techniques (and a reversal ring) described in a blog post by @ElendilTheTall My main issue is that I am having a hard time getting the ...
24
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2answers
9k views

What are the biggest differences between Reversal Rings, Extension Tubes and Macro Lenses?

As far as I understand all three options help you do macro photography but are their other reasons for having the three different items? I figured reversal rings and extension tubes were just for the ...
18
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5answers
8k views

How can I take a macro shot without a macro lens?

I am a photography newbie and have only a 18 - 135mm canon kit lens at my disposal. I wanted to take macro shots but can't really afford a macro lens right now. One very optimistic goal of mine is to ...
17
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9answers
48k views

Should I use a 100mm Macro lens as a portrait lens?

I am specifically considering using the Canon 100mm Macro as a portrait lens. If I want to have a macro in my bag, but not carry around a 70-200 2.8 due to weight, size, white color, or price if it ...
0
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2answers
4k views

How does focal length relate to macro magnification? [duplicate]

I'm new to photography and would like to know a little more about zoom lens, The main thing I wonder about is this, I have a Fujifilm S4000 camera that claims to have 30x magnification. The new ...
17
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11answers
40k views

Which prime lens for Pentax APS-C?

My girlfriend is buying a Pentax K-5 (I already have a Pentax DSLR so we thought it made sense for us to be able to share lenses), and she's not sure about which lens to get with it, so I've been ...
22
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3answers
4k views

Which suits better for hobby usage: extension tubes vs. close-up filter?

I am looking to do a little macro work, but am not ready to invest in a macro lens. For hobby work like photographing flowers and such would it be better to invest in a set of extension tubes or in a ...
20
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1answer
842 views

What are Extension Tubes?

What are Extension Tubes?
5
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4answers
1k views

Variable focal length for macro lenses?

True macro lenses come in fixed focal length. Are there any macro lensens which have variable focal lengths? And please explain why yes or why not?
28
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7answers
47k views

What am I losing when using extension tubes instead of a macro lens?

After playing around with macro photography on-the-cheap (read: reversed lens, rev. lens mounted on a straight lens, passive extension tubes), I would like to get further with this. The problems with ...
21
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6answers
3k views

Which scenarios are better shot with a prime lens versus zoom lens or macro lens?

What scenarios are better shot with a prime lens? A zoom lens? A macro lens?
5
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3answers
3k views

How do I best take pictures of paintings?

I am thinking of purchasing a AF-S DX Micro Nikkor 40mm F2.8 for my Nikon D5000 in order to shoot food and paintings. Regarding paintings I am unsure how this should be done : Lighting : pro'lly no ...
6
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6answers
4k views

Why is the Tamron 90mm 2.8 marketed as Macro and not as a “portrait” lens?

My question is if a lens like a Tamron 90mm 2.8 could be used also for portrait. If not, why ? What are the difference between a specific portrait lens (like any 85mm 1.4) and a 90mm 2.8 ? Only the ...
13
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1answer
21k views

What does the magnification ratio number mean on a macro lens?

I'm looking for a macro lens. I have 28-105mm Nikkor which gives me "1:2 Magnification Ratio" (whatever that means). I found another lens, Tamron 90mm Macro, which has magnification ratio of 1:1. ...
16
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6answers
14k views

Is a macro lens suitable for distant subjects - wildlife, sports, portraiture?

Some macro lenses have a really nice focal length that would make them a nice prime-telephoto lens, but are there any downsides of using a macro lens when shooting distant subjects (besides the lack ...
4
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3answers
37k views

What is the relationship between “macro” and “telephoto” lenses? [duplicate]

Can anyone explain the difference between "macro" and "telephoto"? I know that a macro lens will give you a magnification of 1:1 but how does it differ from a telephoto lens?
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2answers
2k views

How do I choose a camera for macro photography without considering special lens?

For macro photography, how do I choose between a compact camera or a mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera (without considering a lens)? What indicator(s) should I look for when making the choice?
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3answers
1k views

How does sensor size impact depth of field and diffraction for macro photography?

Macro photographers often stop down to very small apertures to maximize the razor thin depth of field when operating at such close focus distances. Smaller sensors have greater depth of field than ...
12
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5answers
7k views

What software is available for macro focus stacking?

What software is available and widely used for macro focus stacking? In other areas photoshop, lightroom, aperture, etc are kind of industry standard options. Is there such a thing for focus ...
12
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4answers
3k views

How close can a lens focus?

From my understanding, if you want to do some macro photography it is better to have a lens that can focus when it is really close to the subject. Sometimes people buy extension tubes to help them ...
4
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4answers
646 views

What kind of lens to photograph a 1 mm object?

I want to photograph an one mm (or slightly less) object. I have a Canon EOS 80D. What lens should I use, or is there any other way to accomplish this?
39
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8answers
14k views

What methods do macro photographers use to get so close to butterflies, bees, insects and the like?

I have seen some super macro photos of things like butterflies and bees that left me wondering how the photographer is able to get so close to the subject long enough to take a photo. Most of the ...
12
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10answers
3k views

What lenses to bring while traveling? One good wide-telephoto or several smaller ones?

I have a Canon 7D and often take my camera on the road while traveling. In the past I've taken my Sigma 17-70 f/2.8-4 and my Canon 70-300 f/4-5.6, which means that I must switch out lenses quite a bit,...
22
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4answers
1k views

What should I consider when purchasing a macro lens?

What should I be aware of when buying a macro lens (other than that it will fit my camera)? What features should I look for? What specs should I pay close attention to? What factors affect macro ...
18
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2answers
37k views

What's the difference between a regular lens and a macro lens? [duplicate]

What is the difference between a 100mm lens and 100mm macro, or 50mm and 50mm macro? Can we use a macro lens to shot portraits? If yes, what focal length is the best? Please suggest a Canon macro ...
15
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3answers
10k views

Why is 1:1 desirable for a macro lens?

Why is 1:1 desirable for a macro lens? I know it means that you can print a picture of something and it will be the same size on paper as it is in real life, but why is this such a desirable feature ...
8
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4answers
5k views

What lenses are best for food photography?

What lenses are best for taking photos of cooked dishes? In some articles, I have read that I can have great results with lenses f/1.4 because they are cheap and they give that nice blurred ...
22
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1answer
1k views

What is a focusing rail?

In What are the best practices for DOF stacking? I noticed a mention of a "focusing rail". I've never heard of such device. What is it, and in what circumstances is it useful?
7
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3answers
2k views

What does “magnification” mean?

When speaking about lenses, especially for macro-photography, I often hear about magnification. Sometimes it appears in the form of a ratio (1:1, 1:2), sometimes as a single number (0.5x). Sometimes ...
7
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4answers
2k views

Are there macro focusing techniques for handheld shots?

I know that when doing much macro work that the autofocus system is nearly useless. When hand holding and trying to manually focus, I find myself continually going a little too far or just not far ...
11
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2answers
1k views

What are the constructional differences between a macro and a regular lens?

I understand that to reduce minimum focusing distances, macro lens design must focus on maintaining certain distances between the lens and the sensor. However, is the placement of the lens and its ...
7
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2answers
17k views

What does the 'macro' mode on my camera actually do?

Background I have a Panasonic DMC-FZ20, however I would imagine this question applies to most point-and-shoot cameras with a built-in macro mode. I accidentally left my camera in macro mode while ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Is AF-S DX Micro NIKKOR 85mm f/3.5G lens good for both macro and portrait photography?

I'm thinking of buying a macro lens am considering the Nikon AF-S DX Micro NIKKOR 85mm f/3.5G ED VR. Is this lens really good for portraits? Where can I find sample pictures taken with this lens? Is ...
4
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1answer
1k views

How can I calculate the effect of a supplementary close-up lens (a.k.a macro filter)?

If I have a +1, +2, +4, or +10 close-up lens which attaches to the front of my regular lens, how can I calculate its effect on close focusing distance, figure out how much magnification I can get from ...
12
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1answer
18k views

What is the 'Maximum Reproduction Ratio' of a lens?

A review of a Sigma 19mm f2.8 lens contains the following line It has a minimum focusing distance of 20cm /7.9in and a maximum reproduction ratio of 1:7.4. So, as in the title, what is 'maximum ...
6
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2answers
6k views

How can I calculate magnification ratio I get by reversing a lens?

I am looking for a way to mathematically determine the maximum magnification ratio that is possible/practical to achieve by reverse mounting a non-macro lens, prior to purchasing the lens. See ...
8
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5answers
7k views

How did Suren Manvelyan create the macro pictures of eyes?

I came across some really cool macro photos of eyes today. How did he manage to get these photos? I couldn't find any EXIF information anywhere, and I don't have enough experience with macro to figure ...
4
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4answers
3k views

What are the pros and cons of using macro rail vs lens focus?

I am interested in doing focus stacking for macro shots and from what I understand there are two techniques for doing this. One is to use a macro rail that adjusts the length to the subject (e.g ...
11
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6answers
738 views

Low-key photo suggestions for fish?

I would like to ask for some inputs on how I can achieve similar low-key results for a fish: Current setup: Small aquarium 30 x 15 x 15 cms (LBH) The sides and the back of the aquarium are covered ...
8
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4answers
10k views

How useful is image stabilization in a macro lens?

When looking at the Canon EF 100mm f/2.8 USM and the Canon EF 100mm f/2.8 L IS USM the biggest differentiation is the included image stabilization(also the MTF chart, and "L" designation). How useful ...
8
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7answers
2k views

How can one capture gun bore shots?

How can one capture shots like this where a long, small tube like a gun bore is evenly illuminated along its length? In this sample the harsh reflections off the breach suggest it was illuminated ...
6
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1answer
2k views

How can I calculate the change an extension tube makes to the maximum magnification of a lens? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I calculate what the effect of an extension tube will be? My understanding is that extension tubes increase the magnification of lenses by reducing their minimum ...
5
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4answers
4k views

Why hasn't buying powerful lights improved my lightbox images?

I posted a question a few months ago regarding a light-box setup, and it seemed the general consensus was that I didn't have enough light... I've gone ahead and purchased 2 x 55w 3000lm 5500K 90+CRI ...
3
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4answers
3k views

Can screw-on macro lenses produce decent results?

I was browsing Amazon looking at a few items and came across this: 4-piece Close-Up Macro Lens Kit - Included are +1, +2, +4 and +10 Close- Up Lenses. High-Quality lenses are diopters for close ...