Questions tagged [histogram]

In photography the histogram is a visual representation of the distribution of the tones in a photograph.

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120
votes
7answers
9k views

How and why do you use an image histogram?

I realize that an image histogram is a graphical display of an images tonal distribution (i.e. horizontal darks to lights, vertical pixel distribution), but how does one really use it and why? I mean, ...
27
votes
3answers
11k views

What is Universal White Balance (UniWB)?

How and in what kind of situations should it be used?
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Why don't cameras show an “accurate” histogram?

Why don't cameras show a histogram based on the RAW data rather than on the JPG preview? I know that a RAW file is not a viewable image and can't be displayed without applying curves and defining how ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does the histogram of an image depends on the software that opened it?

If I open a raw image in Photoshop and Paintshop pro their histograms and their look is different. However, if I open a Jpeg image in both Software, then their histogram and look is the same. What ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I interpret individual colors on RGB histogram?

I know how to read the Luminosity histogram and I thought that I knew how to read RGB histogram as well, until I saw the following example: The RGB histogram shows exactly the same 3 'spikes'. What ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

How does histogram shape affect the aesthetics of a picture?

For having more contrast in an image, it's good to have a wide range (i.e. difference between highest and lowest) of light intensities in a picture; and for keeping details, neither highlights nor ...
13
votes
4answers
7k views

What does it mean if the main peak of my Histogram is beyond the top of the chart?

I tried reading this thread about histograms, but couldn't understand it well enough to answer this question. I took some shots yesterday where the main peak of my Histogram was actually off the ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

How to know correct exposure for RAW shooting when camera show JPEG Histogram

I heard that RAW Data is not the rendered data, which means it can’t be influenced by white balance, saturation, and all other settings. I believe that “RAW Data” is influenced by the intensity of ...
10
votes
4answers
889 views

If my histogram shows nothing at the ends of the scale, does it mean the dynamic range of my camera isn't reached?

If my histogram spikes in the middle and evens out pretty much evenly but not completely to the ends (0 & 255), does this just mean that my scene doesn't have the deep shadows or brightest ...
1
vote
2answers
9k views

How do I tell if an image is exposed correctly when I can't trust the LCD? [duplicate]

I used exposure compensation when I take my shots and adjust it whenever it needs adjustments. Most of the time I shoot using Manual mode. My problem is, when I'm out on a sunny day I can't judge ...
17
votes
5answers
964 views

How can I use a histogram to expose correctly when the scene is very dark?

If I am photographing a scene with a lot of dark background, how can I use the histogram to tell if the exposure is correct? For instance, at an outdoor concert in which the performers are moderately ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

Why should I use the Zone System when the histogram gives me all the information I need?

DSLR cameras, by and large, give very complete information about how the photo is exposed, in the form of a histogram and image of a trial exposure. It shows the light distribution for both luminance ...
2
votes
1answer
529 views

How Does A 5D Mk3 Generate The Histogram It Displays In Live View?

What is happening under the hood when a 5D Mk3 displays a histogram (luminance or RGB)? What exactly is the data it uses (raw sensor data, jpeg or something else)?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to avoid overexposing image using RGB histogram when shooting RAW and using different Picture Controls?

Since the histogram is computed from JPEG that is burned into RAW file using Picture Control (PC), how can one actualy rely on it? How precise is it when PC is set to Neutral? Simple test: Make 2 RAW ...
1
vote
2answers
851 views

How do histograms handle highlight and shadow clipping?

My camera shows a histogram in the preview: And after I take the photo: I shoot RAW, but as I understand it, the histogram is computed from JPEG, so it might indicate that the highlights and/or ...
-3
votes
1answer
275 views

Why no raw channel histograms? [duplicate]

I understand the basic logic of providing histograms of JPEGs. The sensor pixel values get combined, processed, interpreted as a color, then broken out into new RGB values. So, if you were to give the ...