Questions tagged [focal-length]

Focal length is the distance (measured in mm) between the surface of a lens and the focal point, when the lens is focussed at infinity. Smaller focal lengths indicate wide-angle lenses, larger focal lengths indicate a telephoto lens.

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What is the shortest focal length before a black ring appears?

I know it depends on brand to brand and model to model, but in general terms, what is the shortest focal length I can have before the black zone (A) starts to form, or it is barely noticeable? (B) ...
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4answers
848 views

Which focal length lens generally has the sharpest lens? 24, 35, 50 or 85?

Context I realize that the above four focal lengths lend to having a different perspective that make them all unique. It might be possible to use one as the other but that isn't always true with the ...
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1answer
186 views

General rules when compression in the background looks good (like with longer focal lengths)?

Is there any general set of rules or guidelines on when would the background compression generated by a long focal length look good in a picture? Example : in a headshot, I really like the background ...
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1answer
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Possible to lock focal length on zoom lens? (SELP1650)

(This could turn out to be a bone, practical, product-specific query, but this is the internet so the worst that could happen is a 0 rather than a 1.) Anyhoo: is it possible to lock a zoomable lens ...
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2answers
147 views

Do I need the 18-55mm lens that comes with the camera, or should I instead get a 55-250mm lens?

I'm a novice so don't know whether I need the 18-55mm lens that comes standard with the Canon EOS Rebel T6i or should I instead get the 55-250 mm lens - or both? I'll be using the camera primarily ...
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2answers
24k views

Effective focal length of kit 16-50mm lens on A6000 (APS-C 1.5x crop factor) [duplicate]

This is likely a tedious question for you guys but, as a camera noob, I'm miffed, so please bear with me. I have a: Sony A6000 (APS-C 1.5x crop sensor). With kit lens: SELP1650 lens (16-50mm) So, ...
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1answer
113 views

Which lens size will generate more detail for equivalent field-of-views in an image snapshot?

We are getting ready to purchase a 3 megapixel IP camera. It comes with either a 4mm or 6mm lens. We will only be using the camera for still image snapshots on a specified interval. Basically, it's an ...
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4answers
785 views

Are wide angle lenses suitable for portraiture of children?

Wide angle lens tend to make faces more "chubby" than they appear otherwise, and are therefore not used often for portraits, unless the landscape is an important part of the frame. I'm curious as to ...
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3answers
285 views

What focal length is recommended for photography for social media, like groups of people in weddings?

I want to get a lens for social photography (groups of people in weddings, or a close up for a bride). What focal length range would be recommendable? Also would it be good to get a wide angle lens ...
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2answers
941 views

How do you calculate the focal multiplier of a non-full frame camera?

I'm currently using a Sony RX100 Mark 3 camera and want to buy a Canon 6D + 24-105 F4 L lens from an online retailer, which is not in my country. (before continuing I'd like to state that there are ...
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3answers
7k views

Does focal length change when I adjust the focus? [duplicate]

When I adjust the focus of my camera, in general, does this affect the focal length? I have heard that it does.
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3answers
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Is the Canon 70-200mm or 24-70mm better for convention photos? [closed]

I've decided I want to upgrade to a better lens, but I'm really torn between the Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM and the EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM. I like to take convention photos, where space is ...
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3answers
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Why isn't my computation of the actual size of an object in a photograph matching the expected value?

Let's say I have a full frame camera (Sony A7) with a 50 mm lens (Canon FDn 50mm f/1.4) mounted on it. At a given object (a plane) distance I should be able to compute the size of the image in real ...
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2answers
226 views

55mm on an 18-55 lens versus 55mm on a 55-250mm lens

I have two canon kit lenses which came with my 1100D. While experimenting casually with my lenses, I came across something that I find peculiar. When I am focused at an object at a certain distance on ...
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1answer
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of zoom lenses with a wide range of focal lengths? [duplicate]

Are there some disadvantages of a zoom-lens with wide range focal length compare to a lens with narrow range both having the same max. aperture? For example, if we have two lenses: Sigma 18-55mm f4 ...
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1answer
65 views

Focal length of the sony DSC-H20 [closed]

I am working in finding the distance of the objects in a video taken using a Sony Camera model DSC-H20 and suppose that any lens or zoom distortions were applied. In order to know the position I need ...
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1answer
468 views

What's the ranges of ratios of Focal Length to Sensor Height to approximate a human eye's view? [duplicate]

Given this formula for calculating the distance to an object as long as you have a picture of the object and know the actual height of the object... distance to object (mm) = focal length (mm) * real ...
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6answers
831 views

Given the same sensor size lens, will a higher megapixel sensor give more “reach” then a lower one?

I've been wondering this for a while now, and I can't seem to find a straight answer about this. If we are talking about the exact same sensor size, (lets say FX) and we are using a 50mm lens. ...
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6answers
283 views

Is the wide aperture and bokeh of a 50mm prime more important than getting to the 70-90mm range for portraits?

I've a Pentax K-30 with the following lens: Pentax-M 50mm 1.7 manual focus Tamron 17-50mm 2.8 autofocus Pentax 55-300mm 4-5.6 autofocus Considering that : Pentax 50mm has the nicest bokeh and ...
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1answer
921 views

How do lenses focus? (and zoom?) [duplicate]

My understanding of focal length is that it is the distance from the lens to the sensor; in my observations: higher focal lengths make for longer lens. Then I started thinking about how a lens ...
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2answers
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What is the relationship between focal length and minimum focus distance?

If I know the focal length of a lens, how can I know the minimum focus distance? I know there is mark in the lens, but if I don't have the lens how can I know the MFD? I have checked several webpage, ...
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1answer
447 views

I have camera specifications but don't know the actual focal length

I'm trying to figure out the focal length of my camera. I'm trying to figure out the distance from my camera to an object using the equation listed here (How do I calculate the distance of an object ...
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1answer
536 views

How can I tell what focal length a zoom lens was set to for a photo of the moon?

It appears that neither the Sony 55-210 mm f/4.5-6.3 nor the Canon EF-S 55–250mm f/4–5.6 reports the actual focal length to the camera: both cameras' metadata show the lens but report the focal length ...
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6answers
5k views

Why does Sony say that a 35mm lens is “35mm equivalent when used with an APS-C camera?”

I'm thinking of getting a Sony A6000 with a Sony SEL35F18 Lens. I'm a little confused about the actual focal length (and/or field of view) of the lens when attached to an APS-C sized sensor. The Lens ...
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1answer
353 views

how to calculate “FocalLenIn35mmFilm” with limited metadata

Im creating an app that uses "FocalLenIn35mmFilm" to calculate feild of view(FOV). unfortunately not all photographs contain this property in their meta data, the Motorola Nexus 6 is an example. The ...
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1answer
3k views

Camera sensor size vs pixel size and focal length [closed]

I've already seen the answer about the crop factor. I'm writing a small software for motion tracking (from two cameras, videos) in 3D space and research. To do that, I need some information about ...
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4answers
2k views

Do lens hoods need to be matched to focal length?

Is it true that not all generic lens hoods work on all lenses (provided the filter diameter matches, of course)? I read that the focal length plays a role in it - but I cannot find such readings on ...
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1answer
781 views

Why don't all zoom lenses have variable f-numbers? [duplicate]

As I understand it, the f-number is a ratio between the focal length and the aperture diameter. A zoom lens can change focal length, but shouldn't the maximum aperture be a fixed size? If so, that ...
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1answer
392 views

Comparing focal length [duplicate]

Hello I want to move from my compact camera to a dslr. I am fan of landscape photos so I want to buy an ultra-zoom lens. My camera supports 14x optical zoom. I know that for compact cameras it's just ...
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1answer
390 views

What prevents a f/1.8, 24 mm - 70 mm or similar range zoom lens from being made? [duplicate]

I see that it is common to have professional grade lenses such as 24-70mm lenses made at f/2.8. After using a 50mm/1.8, I was wondering what would prevent a more versatile zoom lens to be made that ...
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3answers
272 views

If the zoom number doesn't tell me magnification, what does? [duplicate]

I've read How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom?, and learned that the times-zoom number doesn't tell you much. So, how do you determine the magnification — the amount a lens ...
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3answers
1k views

Will a macro extension tube eliminate the cropping of an APS-C lens on a full-frame sensor?

I understand using an A-mount lens intended for APS-C sensors on a full-frame camera results in cropping of the image. According to a tech at Sony, you lose 1/3 of pixels (APS-C is a 2/3 sensor so it ...
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2answers
734 views

Panasonic Lumix FZ1000 - How does it compare to binocular magnification?

I know almost nothing about photography. But I am interested in learning. My dad just purchased a Panasonic Lumix FZ1000. I own a pair of Leica 10x50 binoculars. I asked him how the maximum zoom or ...
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1answer
161 views

How do I measure the distance from an object to fit it in the screen? [duplicate]

I'm curious if there is any math formula for this. Let's take a close-up of a human face for instance, given the human face is about 20cm/8 inches, how do I choose the right focal length and from ...
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1answer
466 views

I want to know about the relationship between focal length and aperture [duplicate]

I have Nikon D7000 and I know the basic relation of shutter speed, aperture, and iso. All I want to know is focal length and aperture relation. As I zoom in the camera the f/stop increases (e.g. it ...
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1answer
2k views

How do I calculate the maximum aperture at each focal length on a 35-200mm lens

I am looking for the linear maximum aperture of a 35-200mm 3.5/4.5 Nikon manual focus lens. I already know the max & min of the 35 & 200mm it's the 50, 70,105, & 135 that I am interested ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the importance of the back focal length of a lens?

What is the effect and importance of the back focal length of a lens? For instance, if I look at these two lenses by Ricoh, they have the same focal length and aperture, but their back focal lengths ...
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2answers
17k views

How can I know the focal length and sensor size of my webcam?

I have this webcam: QHM495LM WEB CAMERA and I need to know its focal length and its sensor size, but in the specs of the webcam, it only gives me this information: • Inbuilt sensitive microphone and ...
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1answer
2k views

How do I find the focal length that will fit a poster in the frame from across the room?

If suppose I want to take a photograph of a poster on the wall of the room, so I can't back away any farther than 5.0m to take the shot(max dist of the room). The poster is 0.80m wide and 1.2m tall, ...
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3answers
208 views

How can I get a 12ft wide field of view at 3ft distance?

Is it possible to get 12ft wide image from a 3ft distance? I am a beginner and have very little knowledge on the field of view of cameras. I calculated that a Go Pro would need a lens with 1.5mm ...
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1answer
88 views

What's the full frame equvialance of this phone lens?

I took a photo with my phone, and here is the EXIF: F/2 4mm 1/14s ISO-1250 I searched on the Internet and found that the sensor is Sony IMX134, 1/4 inch. Then how to calculate the equivalent focal ...
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2answers
648 views

How does “designed for APS-C” affect focal length? [duplicate]

If a lens is designated by manufacturer as "designed for crop sensor" (i.e. DC in Sigma, DX in Nikon, DT in Sony), how would that affect the calculation of practical focal length (equivalent focal ...
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6answers
900 views

Is it worth getting a zoom lens which overlaps with lenses I already have?

I want your experience in choosing a new lens. I already have a couple of lenses with focal lengths as follows: 18-55mm, 70-300mm (MF), and 55-300mm (AF) - regardless the 18-55mm. All my zoom ...
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1answer
431 views

How do prime lens allow variance of focal length when focusing? [duplicate]

If the definition of prime lens says that their focal length is fixed, then how come you can still alter the focal length when focusing? (either MF or AF)
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1answer
2k views

How to calculate the focal length of cell phone cameras when none of the required parameters are available?

There are many camera phones for which the focal length, aperture size, and sensor size are not available. Is there a formula to calculate these parameters or a site which provides these details for ...
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4answers
989 views

What kind of lens is typically used for these type of night street shots?

I've been trying to duplicate the depth of field like in these photos on snowy nights and I'm not getting comparable results. I'm using a 35mm prime lens at f/1.8 on a D3100. So my question is: Are ...
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2answers
2k views

How does physical aperture size relate to f/stop?

There are two lenses on the market I am comparing AF Micro-Nikkor 60mm f/2.8D AF-S VR Micro-Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G IF-ED If I use the formula for calculating apertures of both the lenses I will use the ...
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4answers
708 views

Does the crop factor affect the field of view (FOV)? [duplicate]

I'm working on smartphone cameras. I want calculate Field Of View of different smartphone cameras using the formula : FOV = 2 arctan(SensorSize/2f) where: f is the focal length sensor size is the ...
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2answers
816 views

Actual Focal Length on APS-C cameras [duplicate]

I'm aware that actual focal length of a lens on APS-C cameras is longer than what is written on the lens. My question is, for lenses that are specially designed for APS-C cameras (like a Nikkor DX ...
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1answer
87 views

Do I get more detail from a shorter focal length by being physically closer?

Let’s say I want to shoot a static scene and have a free hand regarding the focal length. If I ignore the geometric distorion for a while, do I get some image quality advantage by shooting from a ...

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