# Questions tagged [field-of-view]

Questions about how much of the scene a camera can see, and what can affect how much is seen.

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### How can I calculate vertical field of view from horizontal field of view?

I have an Axis M1011 (specs available here), which I need to find the vertical field of view. The online specifications tell me the horizontal field of view is 47 degrees, and the image size is ...
41 views

### What's the field of view for LIDAR in iPhone Pro 12 and iPhone Pro Max?

It looks like the angles aren't quite 67.3 x 53.06 degrees as this answer suggests: What is the Angle of View of the iPhone XS rear camera?. At least the point clouds I get look better for 75 degrees ...
321 views

### How to determine via a math formula when a lens is wide angle or macro

Lets say I have a device with 3 separate lenses. One will be the main reference lens, and then the two others may be a wide angle lens or a macro lens, or also even a replica of the main reference ...
263 views

### Is x50 zoom camera able to zoom 500 meter target area from a 6 km distance?

I have a x50 zoom camera and here is some specs of the camera and lens: Focal length: 6 mm ~ 300 mm Field of view: 58.4° ~ 1.4° Resolution: 2 MP I drew a scheme to explain my question properly, you ...
101 views

### Geocoordinate calculation for aerial oblique image using camera and plane yaw, pitch, roll, and position data

I have a requirement to calculate the ground footprint for an aerial camera. The photos are TerraPhotos. TerraPhoto user guide provide camera position and plane orientation in .IML file. Additionally, ...
131 views

### How do I select a fixed lens for my APS-C sensor camera for a specific field of view/zoom

I have a camera that's been set up for a very specific application: it's a mirrorless Sony alpha 6000, with the lens that came with the camera: The Sony 16-50mm f/3.5-5.6 OSS Retractable Zoom Lens. I ...
6k views

### Is it exactly true that doubling the focal length makes everything look twice as big?

I had come to the conclusion that if one lens has twice the focal length of another, that means it makes everything look twice as big. Conversely, if a lens has half the focal length, you see twice as ...
190 views

### Can a ratio/function be created to calculate focal length vs size-in-frame if I have two focal length shots from the same sensor and position?

I am trying to figure out what focal length lens I would need to get a specific object to completely fill the image from a camera. Assuming I have two RAW files from the same camera body, shot from ...
252 views

### Calculate lens FOV difference between Full-frame and APS-C sensors?

According to manufacturer specs 20mm lens has Field of View 94 degrees on FF (35mm) sensor and 70 degrees on APS-C sensor. Another 35mm lens only has Field of View specified for FF (35mm) 63 degrees. ...
56k views

### What is the focal length on your typical cell phone camera?

I know cell phone cameras are generally wide angle, which makes sense because people wanna go out to dinner, or a show, or at the park with their kids, and they want to get the whole scene. And even ...
13k views

### Why do photographed objects in the distance appear smaller than they do by naked eye?

Why do objects in photos appear smaller than they do when viewed by the naked eye? For example, a mountain would appear far smaller in a photo than in real life. Does it have to do with the field of ...
155 views

### For the same FOV and f-stop, will total luminous flux increase linearly with sensor area?

Suppose I have two different cameras, one with a sensor whose area is twice the other's. Further assume the sensors have the same aspect ratio. Suppose I put 35 mm-equivalent lenses on both, thus ...
310 views

### Does a Canon 18-135mm have a wider field of view than a Canon 24mm?

Beginner looking to buy a DLSR and looking at lenses. My goal is for wide-angle landscape. My question is: Is the 18-135mm lens wider than the 24mm since it has a 18mm minimum, which I'm assuming the ...
185 views

### Computing the Focal Length

I have a course problem that asks to calculate the focal length of a camera with the following specifications: Field of view along the horizontal axis (X): 60 deg. Field of view along the vertical ...
250 views

### How to mathematically crop photo from one camera to match view of another?

Imagine I take a photo of the same scene using two cameras, one right after the other, from the exact same spot. The cameras may be different in every way possible. They could have very different ...
90 views

### Calculation of the heigth of the camera

I am trying to find the height of a drone using the camera only. I can calculate the distance of the object top and bottom. Object is a square platform with width=0.2m. I used the equation provided by ...
302 views

### Apparent size of subject in two different cameras with the same resolution and focal length (or FOV)

Consider two cameras with the same resolution (let's say 640x480) and focal length (or FOV) looking at the same subject. Let's assume that the subject is in focus in both cameras. Will the image of ...
216 views

### Changing the field-of-view of a photo in post

Photos in real-estate listings typically present a distorted reality in which rooms look longer than they are—see for example https://photographyforrealestate.net/2016/07/19/is-it-possible-to-get-by-...
107 views

### What aperture to use to get the same DOF as in a panoramic image

When I take a panorama with a 80mm lens at F/2.0 on a fullframe body such that the resulting image has a equivalent field of view of a 50mm lens on the same body, what would then be the equivalent ...
1k views

### What focal length do I need to get the same field of view as an iPhone SE?

I have a FujiFilm camera (mirrorless crop) with a 35mm lens while iPhone SE has a 4mm lens. What focal length lens do I need for it to get the same field of view as on the iPhone SE?
18k views

### How to calculate viewing distance for a print size?

I'm working on a photomontage (35mm landscape). The client is asking for what size they should print it at and what is the viewing distance. I'm planning to print the final image on either A1 or A2 ...
2k views

### As a blind person, how can I better understand how wide or narrow a field of view is?

I saw this question but feel that it doesn't fully explain how this works. I am completely blind, so I am trying to come up with a tactile pictorial representation of how field of view works. ...
76 views

### Why does changing aperture change field of view in my reverse-lens macro setup?

I have a reverse lens macro setup, with a reversed 35 mm lens attached through an adapter to a 80-200 zoom lens. I have the following issue: changing the aperture setting on the zoom lens changes the ...
3k views

### What is the relationship between field of view and focal length for fisheye?

What is the relationship between the focal length and field of view for an equal-area ("equisolid") projection fisheye lens? Alternatively, what is the relationship between the 180-degree image ...
737 views

### angle of view and distance from subject calculation for a smartphone

I would like to calculate the angle of view of a photo taken by a smartphone, in order and estimate the distance from a subject of a specific size. Let's do calculation for a Samsung S7, which has a ...
2k views

### How do fixed lenses "focus" on things at different distances? [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand depth of field and I'm struggling. If I'm playing with a 50mm fixed lens, and I alter its focus using the little ring around the lens, what is actually changing in terms of ...
5k views

### Why does Sony say that a 35mm lens is "35mm equivalent when used with an APS-C camera?"

I'm thinking of getting a Sony A6000 with a Sony SEL35F18 Lens. I'm a little confused about the actual focal length (and/or field of view) of the lens when attached to an APS-C sized sensor. The Lens ...
487 views

### How would I insert a huge object into a panorama photo with correct position and height?

I want to insert a large object into a panorama photo, in this case a wind turbine. However, I want the object to be at the correct position and it should have the correct height. The area has many ...
477 views

### How to find an angle and a distance for clicking picture of a distorted artwork to achieve 3D effect?

If you know about 3D pencil artworks, you would know people draw it distorted (generally length is enlarged i.e., stretched from bottom to top) first and then click a picture at some angle (30-40 ...
13k views

### Finding focal length from image size and FOV

I have bumped into this statement in an Engineering journal. The statement is mentioned on right side example. A 640x480 image with a horizontal FOV of 47 degrees gives focal length f = 740 pixels. ...
335 views

### How do I calculate how high a camera needs to be to fit an object in the frame based on its field of view?

I'm doing a computer vision application related to snooker for my dissertation. In a section of my report, I’m talking about cameras and it would be good if I’m able to do the calculation stated above....
284 views

### Does field of view change for different lens model for the same focal length?

I am using two lenses - Tamron 75-250mm F/3.8-4.5 Model 104A and AF-P DX NIKKOR 70-300mm. When shot with lenses set to 250mm of focal length, the field of view for the Tamron lens is greater than the ...
836 views

### What attachments to get shallow depth of field with a smartphone?

I'm doing a research project involving machine vision, and would ideally like to find a lens with a shallow DoF (perhaps about 2m or so in-focus) that can be attached to a smartphone. Something that ...
131 views

### (How) were FoVs discussed before the 35mm became de-facto standard?

Ever since the 35mm small frame gained popularity in the mid-1900s it's well known (and perhaps lamented) the particular crop factor became a de-facto standard by late 1900s when people discussed ...
3k views

### Calculation of Distance of an object given the field of view of camera [duplicate]

I am using an Olympus M. Zuiko 45mm f/1.8 Camera, I have to calculate the distance at which the lens should be present so that it captures the complete object at once. I know that the field of view ...
1k views

### Field of view using 50mm APS-C lens on APS-C body vs 50mm FF lens on FF body? [duplicate]

I am taking 2 pictures using: Nikon D3400 APS-C sensor and an APS-C kit lens, 18-55mm set at 50mm Nikon D850 full frame camera and a full frame lens 50mm that is designed for full frame Nikon ...
761 views

### How do I calculate the field of view of a 50mm focal length biconvex lens with the retina as sensor?

Hi I need to know the field of view of a 50mm focal length lens. I know the field of view is dependent on focal length of the lens and the image format dimension (i.e., dimensions of the sensor). If ...
30k views

### Field of view of a webcam

I was looking for a webcam that shows a wide area left and right of me, so I compared the field of view of several webcams. I was under the impression that a greater number as the FOV angle means ...
1k views

### Why are lenses characterized by focal length and not the effective field of view?

In photography, it's the accepted norm to say that if you know the sensor size of your camera and the focal length of your lens, then you know the field of view of your system. However, in optics, it'...
986 views

### How do I find the focal length when stitching images made with an unknown lens in Hugin?

I tried to stitch some images from appollo 16 to a panorama. The problem is that I do not know the focal length of the lens. Is there a way to circumvent this?
4k views

### Why do we talk about focal-length when frame sizes are different?

I keep seeing people talking about focal-length of lenses without saying how large the frame is. Is there a more sensible way to talk about how much a lens “zooms”? (I have seen so many adverts etc ...
352 views

### Pixel diameter of a given field of view calculation equisolid (equal-area) fisheye lens

I have a 180° equisolid (equal-area) fisheye lens with a focal length of 8 mm. I want to crop images to a circle defined by an angular field of view from the zenith angle of the lens (i.e. the middle ...
333 views

### How is wide field-of-view possible using a tiny sensor?

From looking at the FOV tables on this page, I can see that FOV is greatly reduced as sensor size decreases. It seems that 1/2.3 sensors would produced fields-of-view that are tiny, even at the ...
1k views

### Diagonal Angle of View given Horizontal or Vertical angles of view for equidistant lenses

I am struggling to find the correct mathematical relation between the horizontal and diagonal angle of view for a given aspect ratio for equidistant lenses. For rectilinear lenses, it is possible to ...
2k views

### Why is the field of view angle from exiftool different from Apple's official values?

I have two series of photos shot on my iphone 6s on 10.3.2. The first series is in the regular frame, and the second series is in the "square" frame. I'm using exiftool 11.01 on macOS 10.11.6. From ...
827 views

### Distortion towards the edges/corners of the field of view in an image

I am taking a picture keeping the camera horizontally in landscape mode from a height of roughly 3-4 ft, acquiring the top-view of the scene. It was seen that the objects placed towards the centre of ...
539 views

### How to enlarge an object by x-times with an optical zoom

My camera employs a 30x optical zoom, with focal length ('f' from here on out): f = 4.3 mm to 129 mm. If I am at 1x and I see an object as 100 pixels, to enlarge it to 150 pixels, can I set the zoom ...
2k views

### What is the typical FOV / focal length for house interior shots?

I don't do interior shots, but I do see a lot of them these days because I am house hunting. If you look at high end houses on Redfin.com, you can see typical examples done by professional ...