Questions tagged [exposure]

Exposure is the total amount of light allowed to fall on a sensor or film during the taking of a photograph. This is determined by the exposure time (shutter speed) and amount of light admitted (lens aperture). Today, sensor/film sensitivity (ISO speed) is often also considered to be part of exposure.

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Why do digital cameras need an exposure time at all?

From what I understand of digital cameras, they are basically a lens plus a tiny two-dimensional array of millions of photo-diodes. And from what I understand of photo-diodes, they create a voltage ...
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How do I make picture from my Canon Rebel more dramatic and colourful, via camera settings if possible?

I have just started clicking with my new Canon DSLR camera and while I'm getting used to its functions and settings, I was intending to get the colours more vibrant while clicking my pictures. Any ...
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What's the result of stacking ND filters in terms of total stops?

If you stack two 3-stop neutral density filters, does it reduce the exposure by 6 stops or 9 stops?
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What is Bulb Mode?

My camera has a 'bulb mode,' and several questions on photo-SE refer to using Bulb Mode. A few questions: What is 'Bulb Mode?' Why is it called 'Bulb Mode?' What is 'Bulb Mode used for?
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How to maximise contrast range of distant landscapes with blue haze?

Distant landscapes often appear hazy, washed-out and blue due to Rayleigh scattering. What can be done to maximise the contrast range of the exposure when photographing such scenes? For example: ...
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What are general rules for ISO settings?

Being a novice in photography and reading about preferable settings of my camera I'm a little bit confused about ISO settings. Sometimes I'm advised to set as little ISO as possible to have higher ...
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How do I predict exposure when using flash?

So I've got the basics down for the exposure triangle, but sometimes you just need to add more light to the room and the flash can be the most convenient way of doing that. The problem is that the ...
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How can I use a histogram to expose correctly when the scene is very dark?

If I am photographing a scene with a lot of dark background, how can I use the histogram to tell if the exposure is correct? For instance, at an outdoor concert in which the performers are moderately ...
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Does using long exposure together with ND filter make the scene look more evenly lit? [duplicate]

Suppose I try to shoot a piece of forest with trees casting dense shadows during daylight. It looks something like this to a human eye (part of larger and more detailed image from here) In the image ...
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What is an effective exposure strategy?

What strategy do you follow when setting ISO, shutter speed and aperture to achieve the correct exposure? Do you have different strategies for different shooting conditions? I believe that all ...
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How can I simulate a long exposure photo using a set of shorter exposure photos?

I'm shooting towards the sky to capture the stars. The exposure time is 15 seconds, so I can see the stars still, without a trace. These photos are taken continuously one after the other, because I ...
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What's a good ad-hoc replacement for a gray card?

I know that a real gray card is the best thing to use to determine exposure. But I'd like to know if there are other naturally available features that can be used in a quick and dirty way. Are fields ...
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Are meteors dim?

I was out last night trying to shoot the Geminids meteor shower. I was using a Canon 5D2, 17-40mm f4.0 lens set to 17mm and f4.0, ISO 400. The camera was mounted on a non-tracking mount (only because ...
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Why is my camera so forgiving for overblown exposure when shooting in RAW?

I've found that my camera (Sony A99) is very forgiving in terms of overexposure when shooting in RAW. By that I mean, I can overexposure by a stop or so and when I get home for the post processing I ...
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How to take fast-shutter-speed photos that aren't dark?

I was taking pictures of some water splashes. I knew I needed a fast shutter speed to make them look frozen in time. I have not used manual mode yet. I use the settings where I can pick the shutter ...
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Could I have taken this landscape shot better with my P&S, or do I need a better camera?

Edit: Since coming back from Australia, I had my eye on a Sony a5100 for a while, and I bought it in the Amazon lightning deals. I have to say, the Sony takes much better pictures in terms of detail ...
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How can I handle two extremely different brightnesses in the same picture? [duplicate]

I am the fresh owner of my first DSLR (a Canon EOS 600D, as far as I know called Rebel T3i in the USA). I'm a total newbie, and the camera is a lot smarter than me most of the time. But I'm trying to ...
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Why should I use the Zone System when the histogram gives me all the information I need?

DSLR cameras, by and large, give very complete information about how the photo is exposed, in the form of a histogram and image of a trial exposure. It shows the light distribution for both luminance ...
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Does a viewfinder cover really make a difference? [duplicate]

Does a viewfinder cover really make a difference? I've heard opinions from people that they are essential for scenarios such as shooting long exposure pictures. I'm just wondering if it is only a ...
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Could a “universal exposure” setting be practically possible?

Not sure how uneducated this question is, but I'm interested in learning, so thanks in advance for your indulgence. Film physically changes over the period of time it's exposed. A digital sensor, ...
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Why are only certain shutter speeds or apertures available?

For the exposure control function DSLRs there are specific shutter speeds available. For example there are 1/4, 1/100, 1/500. Why, even in high end DSLRs, is there no option to use a custom shutter ...
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How can I take a photo of a dark bar with a bright sign?

I took an image of a dark bar with a bright sign at night using auto mode: ISO 1250 | 1/60s | f/2 What I actually wanted is to be able to read the sign in the background. On this image it is ...
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Can you fix incorrect exposure during post processing?

If a photo is over or under exposed but not to the point of clipping (histogram does not reach the left or right side) is there any reason you couldn't just fix the exposure in Photoshop or Lightroom? ...
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Why can't digital camera sensors expose each photosite individually?

Why is it impossible for camera sensors to function the way the human eye can? What I mean is, why does a certain portion of the image have to be over/underexposed if we compensate for dark and light ...
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What exposure was used for successful pictures of the “blood moon”?

The moon in total eclipse is very dark, I discovered. My crop-sensor camera and f/5.6 lens was not up to it. I saw some "cherry red" photos in feeds, but without technical details. I used 1/125 ...
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How can I think logically about getting correct exposure with flash?

I recently got a new off-camera flash (Nikon SB-700), and I'm having trouble thinking about the variables that go into proper exposure. For example, without flash, I have a little mental decision ...
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Should I use low-end expanded ISO?

My Pentax K-5 comes with a "regular" low ISO setting of 100, but if you enable "expanded ISO" you can set it as low as 80 (plus go up to an absurd 51200!). I know that in general to reduce noise, ...
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When comparing sensor dynamic range, what are those numbers based on?

Dynamic range EV's are bandied about all the time and I get the feeling that a) they're not on the same 'scale' and b) they're misleading in what they're indicating so I'm hoping somebody can clarify. ...
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How do I use the +/- scale of the light meter in my camera?

I have just recently used the metering scale. I assume that if the scale arrow points in the middle, this means that the camera detects that the current exposure settings are the "right" ones. ...
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Lighting up a subject during sunset without a flash?

I’ve recently been trying to experiment with sunset portraits but I keep encountering a problem where the sky is lit up exactly how I want it but the subject is under-exposed, with little to no ...
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How do I take a portrait at night with detail in the background instead of just blackness?

I was trying to make a photo of my girlfriend around 9 pm with a D7000, Sigma 24-70 2.8, and SB-900. She was in the center of the frame, taking up about 20% of the frame. About 40% was taken up by ...
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How to take pictures in a dark room?

I'm a total newbie to photography. I have a Nikon D90 and at the moment I'm trying to learn how to actually use it. I've noticed that whenever I shoot in a dark room with the on-camera pop up flash, ...
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Since the speed of light is so high, why does shutter speed even matter?

When a camera's shutter is opened, if light reaches the sensor instantaneously (speed of light = 300.000 km/s), why does shutter speed modify picture sharpness/detail? Why do pictures get darker with ...
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How to capture rays of light in a photograph using a DSLR camera [duplicate]

I'm using Nikon D750 DSLR camera. How can I capture the rays of light as represented in these two black and white photographs? I mean in terms of ISO, aperture and shutter speed and filter use. by ...
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How can I correctly measure light using a built-in camera meter?

Many times when I shoot photos, the photo is sometimes too bright or too dark and the colors are incorrect. Sometimes, the white in the photo is not the white that I have for a background, but gray. ...
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How to achieve pictures filled with light like these?

I would like to know how to achieve the effect of highly exposed pictures filled with light like the ones presented below: unknown source From http://dziecisawazne.pl/iza-faber/ Is this possible ...
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What exposure mode and techniques should I use when out-and-about?

I'm interested to hear what exposure/metering techniques people use when taking out-and-about shots (no tripod). I almost always have my camera set to Aperture Priority mode, and I suspect most people ...
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What is sync speed? [duplicate]

When referring to flash exposure, what does "max sync speed" mean?
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How to edit the exposure/contrast of two different areas of a photo with a smooth transition between the two parts?

I'm a complete newbee in photography and in photography editing, but I made a a photo I really like with my phone, and I would like to improve it numerically. Here is the photo. I know how to use ...
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Why is a lens darker than other ones when applying the same settings?

I own a Nikon D500 DSLR, with a Nikkor 16-80 mm 1:2,8-4E ED VR lens. I noticed that this lens, when applying exactly the same settings (same ISO, same aperture, for instance F8.0, same Shutter speed, ...
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What is EV, when used as an absolute measurement?

I know there is already a question about EV, but it doens't quite answer my question. I understand EV as a relative measurement, 1 EV being one stop (doubling or halving the amount of light), but what ...
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Why do cameras often produce digital images that benefit from levels adjustment?

See: http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/levels.htm In the examples on that page, the original image doesn't have any pure white or pure black in it, so contrast can be added by changing the ...
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How to meter to clear subject details with a strongly backlit scene, as Elena Shumilova does?

Looking at the photos from Elena Shumilova on 500px, you can see a clear preference for backlighting and halo effects on many of her subjects. For example, this and this. How do you meter with the ...
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How do I get this “Washed out” effect for street photography?

I was browsing an unrelated question here and noticed this photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sparth/5730541580/lightbox/ I've seen countless street-photography shots with this kind of color effect ...
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Capturing vapour or faint steam

I was trying to capture a scene that was in a dark area with a bright background. There was faint steam that I wanted to be the focus of the picture. I tried first by having a very large aperture and ...
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How do the 11+ stops of dynamic range from a modern DSLR fit into the 10 stops of the zone system?

Adams's Zone System uses 10 zones with the first zone being pure white and the last zone being pure black. The distance between each zone is one stop / 1EV, so if you place a black tone at zone 0 and ...
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Why do my photographs taken with a film camera look so saturated?

I’m starting to shoot photographs using my Dad's old camera, an Olympus OM-4. I’ve noticed that in comparison with my friend's photographs mine are a lot more saturated. Why can it be? Here's an ...
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What is the EV scale?

I have seen an "EV" (exposure value) scale that's sometimes used to express a camera's exposure settings, or scene brightness. How exactly does this scale work?
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What are physical causes of clipping?

What exactly limits modern digital camera sensors in capturing light intensity beyond certain point?
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How do I compensate for a bright sun with a point and shoot?

So I'm in the bright sun with no shade around. What can I do to minimize over exposure and shadows with just a regular point and shoot? Should I go into "manual" mode? If so, which mode and what do ...

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