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Questions tagged [dynamic-range]

The complete range of of lighting from total darkness to maximum saturation that a sensor or film is capable of capturing without extreme measures such as graduated neutral density filters or HDR.

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Better dynamic range with film

I've read upon many online resources that the dynamic range of film is usually between 9 and 11 stops. However, it is frequently mentioned that 17 stops can be achieved with additional tricks in the ...
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3answers
2k views

What are physical causes of clipping?

What exactly limits modern digital camera sensors in capturing light intensity beyond certain point?
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2answers
53 views

Is there a filter or material that allows a variable amount of light through depending on intensity? [duplicate]

Is there a filter or material that allows a variable amount of light through based on intensity? So the brightness of highlights would be reduced, while shadows would be less, or not at all, affected. ...
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5answers
959 views

Why don't digital cameras have better dynamic ranges?

ISO in digital cameras is a digital amplification of the signal. If your camera's native ISO is 100, setting the ISO to 400 would make the sensor amplify the brightness 4x. So if ISO is digital, does ...
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2answers
255 views

How can I calculate the dynamic range from a photo?

I've just made an image post-processing to increase a dynamic range. Here is an original input image Here is an output image How can I calculate the dynamic range from a photo? In especially, how ...
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3answers
122 views

Balancing interior/exterior scene contrast

This morning, I wanted to take an image of a room, with a window. Outside, the sun was about to rise so the sky was a dark pink/blue with a bright moon also. Inside, the room was dark, but the ...
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5answers
3k views

Lighting up a subject during sunset without a flash?

I’ve recently been trying to experiment with sunset portraits but I keep encountering a problem where the sky is lit up exactly how I want it but the subject is under-exposed, with little to no ...
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2answers
307 views

How can Sony A7r iii get more dynamic range than A7r ii from the same sensor?

Acording to this article https://fstoppers.com/gear/sony-announces-a7r-iii-solid-improvements-built-around-previous-generations-424-201012 the Sony A7r iii uses the exact same sensor as it’s ...
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1answer
406 views

How to process DSLR RAW files for display on modern HDR-capable TVs & computer monitors? (actual 10bit/ch or 12bit/ch dynamic range)

10bit/ch display panels are becoming common. The latest generation UHD TVs can display 10bit/ch, some consumer TVs have as high as 1000nit output. Very recently HDR computer monitors have (finally) ...
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11answers
5k views

Why don't cameras record light data throughout the entire shutter?

Sorry if the question title is confusing, I don't know the best way to word this,so feel free to change it if you can think of something better. I learned electronic shutters can capture the image all ...
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4answers
264 views

Why are there no digital large format photographic imaging sensors using the TFT technology from medical x ray imaging?

Recently I witnessed an x ray imaging of an entire thorax, and I was pretty sure it was a film cassette with analogue film that was used, but was taught that it was a digital sensor. This sensor had ...
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1answer
493 views

how to expose sky and landscape [duplicate]

Is there any go-to method for getting good exposure of both sky and land in landscape photography in broad daylight landscape photography? I've noticed that in my dlsr and smart phone, I'm typically ...
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86 views

Improve dynamic range in picture taken on snowfield?

I have taken some pictures of persons on a snow field. Unfortunately they mostly are quite dark, especcially in comparison with the surrounding snow. What is the best way to brighten them up (both on ...
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2answers
1k views

Best way to remove the red tint in shadows astrophotography

Recently I took a picture of the milky way from inside a cave. I've processed everything how I wanted and it looks great on the web but now I need to print a large version of it (610mm x 900mm). ...
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6answers
882 views

How to increase the dynamic range for a landscape photo without post-processing?

I like to take landscape photographs, during the golden hour. I always try to get high dynamic range so as to get the foreground and background proportionally highlighted, but I fail miserably (I use ...
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1answer
62 views

Why does Preview mess up an image while saving it to OpenEXR?

I started with a JPEG: ... and saved it to OpenEXR (8 bits per channel) using Preview on macOS Sierra, which created an image with a washed out look. For your convenience, I've re-exported the EXR to ...
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5answers
465 views

How to take pictures with sunset background without flash?

I'm attempting to take pictures with the sky in sunset as background. I would like to capture the dramatic orange tint of the sky and the vivid colors of the subject as well. However, long exposures ...
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3answers
521 views

How can I keep illuminated buildings names from being blown out in night city shots?

I'm just getting the hang of taking pictures of my city at night/dusk, and I'm bracketing exposures to get deep colors for the sky and enough exposure for the buildings. Here's an example. I've put ...
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3answers
173 views

Is it possible for a camera to take different exposures at the same time with different ISO's?

I don't know exactly how ISO works within a digital camera, but from a video I saw, it described it as the camera essentially brightening the image from the sensor, given the same amount of light from ...
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5answers
3k views

Sunny day in the shade - how to deal with white balance and exposure settings? [duplicate]

I was out doing an assignment about symmetric and asymmetric pictures (rule of third, golden mean, golden ratio). I could not figure out what is the best way to deal with the following setting: I am ...
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2answers
1k views

When is it better to use HDR rather than just pulling extremes from a RAW file?

When I shoot in raw instead of jpeg, I can bring out the darks and suppress the lights very easily for pretty much every picture I shoot when I edit in Lightroom. Since HDR is meant to capture detail ...
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3answers
965 views

If, brightness → dynamic range… white balance → what?

Different things have different brightness levels. And with a normal camera, when we set more exposure to show details in the shadows, the already existing-details blow out. And vice versa — when we ...
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1answer
615 views

Dynamic Range and ISO capabilities - Canon / Nikon

first - time poster here I have a Canon 550d (T2i) and sometimes shoot bands in small venues using Canon 85mm 1.8 or a 1.8 nifty fifty. Usually this is at 3200 ISO and wide open. Results can be OK ...
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9answers
2k views

How can I maintain brightness in a landscape without overexposing the sky?

I'm an amateur photographer learning to take good shots. I need some advise for shooting landscapes in bright daylight. Here's a picture that I've taken from my camera: I took this picture from my ...
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3answers
1k views

Why don't cameras show an “accurate” histogram?

Why don't cameras show a histogram based on the RAW data rather than on the JPG preview? I know that a RAW file is not a viewable image and can't be displayed without applying curves and defining how ...
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2answers
133 views

16-bit wysiwyg image? Not RAW [duplicate]

I like the dynamic range of RAW files, but I don't want raw sensor data, but I don't want 8-bit jpegs. What can I do to get the desired result? Request camera manufacturers to allow TIFF file ...
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8answers
3k views

How to take a tunnel photo with a model inside the tunnel?

I recently bought Nikon D7200. A good camera. But I feel a great challenge while taking a photo of a model standing in the middle of the tunnel. The tunnel is short and outside the tunnel is a ...
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4answers
290 views

Can the same sensor have different dynamic range and color depth in different camera makes?

The Nikon D7000 and Sony A55 were found to have the same sensor. But during testing, which I understand is subjective- DxoMark (dubious reputation, I'm aware) revealed that the D7000 has a much ...
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1answer
116 views

How can I maximizing dynamic range without postprocessing?

How can I maximize the amount of detail captured in both dark and light objects in the same photo? I don't have the option of post-processing, so "traditional" HDR is not possible. If I reduce ...
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3answers
1k views

Are the stops of the dynamic range of a cameras sensor the same as the stops the light meter shows?

My name is Elefterios and I am studying photography and audiovisuals. Currently I'm on my last year doing my thesis project related to timelapse. On the HDR Timelapse chapter I'm writing a short ...
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3answers
978 views

Which print medium has the highest dynamic range?

I am curious as to what dynamic range can be achieved with, let's say, glossy vs. matte paper or other media such as metal or acrylic prints.
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1answer
60 views

Are HDR movies in cinemas displayed in linear colorspace? [closed]

It seems to me that a projector using a bright enough light source should be capable of displaying a HDR picture without the need to do any tone mapping. A transparency can have an opacity ranging ...
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2answers
480 views

How has the dynamic range of black & white prints changed in the last 70 years?

I've recently been studying black and white photographs to learn how to understand the qualities found in the kinds of photos by Weston, Bullock etc. I've been making a point of looking at prints in ...
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2answers
513 views

What factors affect the dynamic range of a sensor?

I understand what dynamic range is, but I'm interested in what it is that allows different sensors to have increased dynamic range over other sensors. For example, the classic explanation of a sensor ...
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1answer
129 views

Who publishes standardized camera specs?

Is there any online resource that provides camera specs that adhere to ISO standards? ISO has published many standards for camera specs: Tonal response ISO 14524:2009: Methods for measuring opto-...
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2answers
665 views

How do the Canon 5DS R and 5D Mark III compare in dynamic range?

Canon 5DS R vs 5D Mark III (current camera) — Is the dynamic range the same? Should I move to a Sony sensor? More megapixels is good, but Sony sensors (Sony A7R II/Nikon D810/Pentax 645Z) have bigger/...
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3answers
6k views

How does the GoPro achieve such high dynamic range?

Everyone who's used a GoPro knows that you can easily shoot a photo or movie with the sun right in the field of view and still get a very well exposed picture, including a blue sky. Such a thing is ...
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1answer
455 views

Real world Dynamic Range

I am confused with the science of electronics, regarding cameras and sensors. I have read the posts and answers here and elsewhere. All I walk away with is the electronic specs of cameras and sensors. ...
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2answers
1k views

How do the 11+ stops of dynamic range from a modern DSLR fit into the 10 stops of the zone system?

Adams's Zone System uses 10 zones with the first zone being pure white and the last zone being pure black. The distance between each zone is one stop / 1EV, so if you place a black tone at zone 0 and ...
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3answers
290 views

Does A RAW file exist containing the full dynamic range of a natural scene with a ratio of 100,000:1?

I've just read Karl Lang's excellent whitepaper - Rendering the Print: the Art of Photography. In it, he mentions that the ratio of light to dark in a 'natural scene' can have a ratio of 100,000:1, a ...
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4answers
8k views

What are the dynamic ranges of commonly available 35mm film?

I searched on google for a good chunk of time, but I haven't been able to find a reliable source of the dynamic range of many, if any, color negative films. I'm curious about any/all 35mm films that ...
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1answer
115 views

Why are details lost when dynamic range is high?

I have read in many blogs and forums that when we have a larger dynamic range, we may lose details. Of course, I have experienced completely white areas in taking photos with bright sky. As far as I ...
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2answers
268 views

How to shoot bright purple lights against an overall dark scene?

I've recently shot the following photo (f/8, 4.0 s., ISO 100): In post-processing, it appeared that: The magenta channel was practically blown out, and I had a choice to either reduce/desaturate the ...
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4answers
2k views

How many exposure stops can I “recover” from a RAW file?

I shoot RAW because the Pros say "shoot RAW". I also shoot bracketed because in a lot of situations (landscape for instance) I can blend them and expose both the terrain and sky correctly. But my ...
3
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3answers
1k views

How to adjust exposure for both the sky and the landscape?

I am using Canon 600D. I am facing a problem in composing, where I will be taking pics at mid day with full of sunlight, half of my frame filled with with sky and other half any scenery (may be a ...
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1answer
940 views

How can an electronic shutter reduce dynamic range?

I read a recent review of a camera which can use either its mechanical shutter or an electronic shutter. The review mentions a problem they noticed with the mechanical shutter, and then notes that the ...
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4answers
550 views

Is there a camera which can capture all shades from dark foreground to bright background?

Question: Is there a camera that can capture all the shades of a dark foreground object as well as a bright background? I am trying to take a picture of my black cat against a bright summer sky. My ...
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1answer
977 views

Will black level of one sensor reduce its dynamic range?

For one camera, the black level of the sensor will make the output non-zero when it is covered. For example the output of the sensor is 10bit and black level is 63, if the output is reduced by black ...
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2answers
10k views

When to expose for the shadows vs expose for the highlights?

I'm a beginner photographer and I have read articles that advocate exposing to the right (ETTR) and articles that advocate exposure to the left (ETTL), and this has left me quite confused. I assume ...
6
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2answers
3k views

Would scanning the same negative at different exposures give a better result?

For a while I have got developed and scanned my 35mm negatives by a lab/shop. The quality of the scans is not satisfying me (a lot of noise and images are not sharp). I was thinking of buying a film ...