Questions tagged [distortion]

a lens defect which causes straight lines to be curved or bowed

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17
votes
4answers
6k views

What is the difference between perspective distortion and barrel or pincushion distortion?

I've heard of: perspective distortion barrel distortion pincushion distortion mustache distortion What are these different types of distortion, and how do they relate? What causes them, and can they ...
4
votes
5answers
6k views

Does sensor size affect lens distortion?

There was recently a video posted about how different focal lengths affect portrait photography, specifically how distortion at smaller focal lengths have more distortion and are less flattering. So ...
3
votes
3answers
537 views

What's the succinct reason for face-warping in wide angle lenses?

Is there an accurate way of explaining face-warping when using wide angle lenses? I realised I can't actually explain it without diagrams, so a succinct definition (no more than a few lines) would be ...
11
votes
1answer
6k views

What are Barrel and Pincushion distortion and how are they corrected?

I have some questions regarding barrel distortion and pincushion distortion. Since they are related I have put them in single post. I am aware that barrel distortion occurs more in wide-angle lenses,...
26
votes
4answers
2k views

Do the Lightroom lens correction tools make good lenses less important?

Lightroom has Lens Correction tools such as Distortion, Vignetting, Chromatic Abberation, etc. depending on the brand and model of lens. Due to this feature, is it less relevant what the distortion ...
12
votes
4answers
18k views

How wide can a lens be before it begins to produce distortion?

Some lenses will produce distortion near a photo's edges (lines that should be straight begin to curve). Fisheye lenses definitely do this, and some ultra-wide lenses will do this too. I like wide ...
4
votes
5answers
8k views

Why don't smartphone cameras correct pincushion distortion automatically?

I've previously asked why the GoPro doesn't automatically correct for the fisheye distortion, and this question is related, but different: Given that smartphones have so much processing power nowadays ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What model does Lightroom use for lens correction?

I use Adobe Lightroom to remove the barrel distortion from GoPro images. Does anyone know if this software uses the Brown-Conrady model to achieve the lens correction? If not which model does it use? ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

How do i take a photo of an object perfectly vertical like a top view?

I'm creating a set up that allows me to take photos of any object to capture its outlines for computer controlled cutouts. I'm no photography expert :D. I use a 60 x 60cm LED Light panel to ...
5
votes
3answers
9k views

How to avoid unflattering facial distortion when using a slightly wide angle lens?

A 35mm prime on a full format body (or 24mm on cropped) is a great lens to walk around with. But when one gets too close to someone to take a picture, invariably some of their features are ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Which sensor “full frame” vs. APS-C (1.6 crop) gives more distortion?

Which sensor "full frame" vs. APS-C (1.6 crop) gives more distortion using the same lens? I mean, would a 10mm lens on a full frame camera show more or less distortion than if it were on an APS-C (1.6 ...
0
votes
5answers
628 views

Focal length on Full frames and cropped sensors

Yes, this subject again. But I have a slightly different question and I was unable to find an answer here or anywhere else. I understand a 50mm lens is a 50mm lens ALWAYS. I understand that "...
23
votes
6answers
12k views

What is the farthest a camera can see?

At what distance can a face no longer be identified using a camera? At what distance can a figure of a person no longer be captured?
8
votes
8answers
8k views

Software to auto correct lens distortion based on photo

A photo contains digital information about the make of the camera the focal length,etc. Does any software use this information and auto correct the lens distortion in the photo. I know that Photoshop ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I get headshot portraits with pleasing, natural perspective if I'm constrained to a short distance?

I know in a portrait photo we use distance between camera and the subject in such a way as to create a pleasing and hopefully natural-looking perspective. I think it's good on 1 ~ 1.5 meter to get a ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why do people care about vignetting or distortion?

On every lens review there is distortion (on wide angle ones) and amount of vignetting mentioned. I would like to know why, when it is so easy to edit in post processing.
8
votes
1answer
5k views

How difficult is it to correct mustache-style distortion?

I am considering the Samyang 14mm Ultra Wide-Angle f/2.8 IF ED UMC but I am somewhat concerned about the 5.3% of mustache-style distortion this lens produces. I like most of what I read about this ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

What's the term for wide angle lenses with no distortion?

Is there one word to describe the difference between wide angle lenses that have a circular distortion and wide angle lenses that produce images where perspective lines remain straight?
5
votes
4answers
309 views

Distance-creating “lens”?

On another recent question I noted that it's theoretically possible to take "short-range" pictures that have the perspective as if they were taken at a distance, by means of a system of mirrors: To ...
2
votes
3answers
761 views

In photo taken with a prime lens, what is the cause of the “zoomed” bokeh appearance?

This image was taken with a Vivitar 24/2 (Kiron) prime lens. The lens is sharp. The focal plane is reasonably flat, and there is barrel distortion. The bokeh balls have an oval shape in which the ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

What does “distortion <XX%” mean in lens specs?

I'm going to buy a lens and I would like to understand what "distortion <XX%" means. It's a vari-focal 10-60mm lens, and mentions distortion <12-1%. According to my understanding, at 10mm focal ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

Lens correction in darktable when my lens isn't known?

I took some raw (CR2) photos and want to edit them in darktable. The focal length is quite low and the distortion high. Usually I correct the distortion by using darktable's lens correction module ...
7
votes
6answers
338 views

Is it technically possible to build a camera body to correct for lens defects?

Most lenses tend to be expensive because the lens needs to be very complicated in order to correct for various optical effects (aberration, etc). Is it possible to build a sensor and processor ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

Why doesn't the GoPro automatically correct for the fisheye distortion?

Automatic correction of various lens distortions is possible through specialized software that takes a few camera parameters and produces an output image free of distortion. Why don't most cameras do ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Nikon 50mm f/1.8 D has less distortion than Nikon 50mm f/1.8 G?

Some of the Amazon reviews say that Nikon 50mm f/1.8 D has less distortion than Nikon 50mm f/1.8 G? The D is about $80 cheaper, is smaller, lighter, has less distortion, and has manual aperture ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Real estate photography: Low distortion lens VS high resolution lens?

Should one choose a (ultra wide) lens with the lowest possible distortion even though its resolution is not very good, over a lens that is very sharp, but has noticeable (barrel/mustache) distortion? ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Is pincushion or barrel distortion really all that bad in a lens?

Given that software can pretty trivially fix pincushion and barrel distortion patterns if you're shooting in RAW (Lightroom did the right thing just by knowing what lens I used with the given EXIF ...
4
votes
2answers
484 views

Which raw processors interpret distortion/CA correction from Micro Four Thirds cameras?

I've been thinking about Micro Four Thirds, which in many cases encodes distortion and chromatic aberration correction into the raw files. But, the raw processor I currently use (Bibble) ignores this ...
3
votes
4answers
41k views

Is distortion on an iPhone primarily due to perspective or does lens distortion play a part, and what can be done about it?

I am researching how to correct any facial distortions seen on an iPhone's front camera. Here is my current understanding of the issue: close-up photos will enlarge nearer facial features such as ...
2
votes
0answers
153 views

How to correct HDR post-processing artifacts in a series of exposures

I have taken several series of frames that I intend to process into timelapse sequence. Some were taken using a smartphone camera in HDR mode. Due to the post-processing that happens in the device, ...