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Questions tagged [darkroom]

A darkroom is a workshop used by photographers working with photographic film to make prints and carry out other associated tasks. It is a room that can be made completely dark to allow the processing of the light sensitive photographic materials, including film and photographic paper.

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Why is a LED light flashing when used in my Omega C700 enlarger?

Has anyone used a LED light in an Omega C700 Condenser Enlarger? I've tried it once and it worked well but when I tried to use it again the light started flashing. I'm using an 11w warm white LED ...
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51 views

For analog color printing, why does a diffused projected image “average” to gray?

In analog printing color negative film to RA-4 paper, one approach is to project the image to the easel, place a diffuser in the light path, and then place a filter calculator (an array of filters of ...
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511 views

Weird artifacts when using Tmax 100 for black-and-white reversal processing

I'm new to film development and previously managed to develop two rolls of Kodak Tri-x 400 (let's call roll A and B) using reversal processing: D-11, dichromate bleach, D-72. Today I tried to develop ...
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Are materials for printing from color negatives in darkroom still available in 2019?

I wonder if the materials, paper and chemistry, are available even today in 2019? I used to make color prints in the seventies and might do it again if someone still sell the required materials. Jyrki,...
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Characteristic Curve for Split Toning?

We can see from the data sheet on Ilford Multigrade Paper (link) that the curve gets steeper with increased contrast and tonal range shrinks (as expected). Various techniques seek to maximize tonality,...
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1k views

Is there a cheap alternative to Hypo fixer?

Help! I am a photo teacher. It is near the end of the year and we just ran out of Hypo with no budget for buying more. Some black and white projects are still due. Is there a cheap alternative that we ...
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Are there consumer/prosumer-level digital-to-film or digital-to-photo-paper projectors/enlargers?

My source image is a medium-high resolution (say 50MP) digital capture and I'm interested in producing a darkroom print from it, there are industrial machines like the Durst Lambda and other minilabs ...
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2k views

Controlling darkroom chemistry temperatures automatically

The temperatures in my house fluctuate wildly. I spend a fair amount of time before printing just bringing my chemistry to temperature. Are there any automated solutions or aids that help with this? I'...
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Darkroom Color Printing - Filter Changes & Exposure Times

I have a Beseler 23C III XL Dichroic enlarger for making color prints in my darkroom. I have been doing alot of research on the Internet regarding how adjusting Dichroic filters (CYM) impacts (or not)...
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195 views

Is it possible to do darkroom contact prints from a high-ppi phone or tablet?

Basically just the way it sounds - you put a tablet or a phone displaying (the negative of) your photo on top of a photo paper for a certain duration and then develop the print as if exposed by an ...
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2answers
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When producing prints in a darkroom, should I aim for the longest possible exposure time?

Recently I was thinking about the fact that getting longer exposure time results in less impact of the initial vibrations (because of turning on/off of the enlarger) on a print. So my idea is to dim ...
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253 views

Too short exposure times in Darkroom

I'm pretty new to film photography. My first prints were very greyish. Then i reduced the developing from 1 minute, normally , to just 8 seconds... Then i get a more or less descent print out of it. ...
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Can leaving a print in fixer too long cause damage/staining?

This is a question for you oldskool B&W photographers, I'm hoping there's some of you out there ;) I am just getting round to sorting out my darkroom and thought I'd give it a test run now the ...
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why aren't filter dials doing anything on Durst enlarger?

I've just acquired a Durst M370 color enlarger that's probably been unused and stored for many years. The cyan, magenta and yellow dials turn but don't do anything to the white light. Anyone know how ...
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156 views

Fiber paper curved on arrival?

I recently bought my first box of Ilford Fiber B&W 8x10 paper. Even though the box is straight and undamaged, the entire ream of paper is curved. This seems like it will make it hard to ensure ...
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243 views

Film workflow with lightroom

I do both digital and film photography. Scanning film negatives does not produce great results in terms of quality, and I think a print from negative is far superior. What I like about Lightroom ...
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114 views

Inaccurate Time-O-Lite - How to adjust?

I bought a lightly used Time-O-Lite, but it always runs about 5 seconds longer than the number reads. At 0 seconds, it runs about 5 seconds. At 10 it runs for 15, etc. The screw inside the red needle ...
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729 views

How can I avoid a yellowish hue in my darkroom print highlights?

Using Ilford Multigrade Developer on Ilford MG RC Glossy paper, my prints have a yellowish hue in the highlights. I'm very new to darkroom printing, but I was expecting a greyer/whiter color in the ...
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My developer went dark quickly — what went wrong?

My developer went dark in a few days, without using it... I recently change my storing pots. Is it the air or the darkness where I failed?
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4answers
2k views

Is there a formula for calculating exposure when enlarging prints?

I'm curious if there is a formula to determine my exposure in the dark room. Suppose my print comes out perfectly with the following: 8 seconds f/11 height of 8 +3 contrast filter Is there a ...
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530 views

Difference between Condenser and Variable Contrast Enlarger (Beseler)

In high school, we used Beseler 23C-iii's - and in my current set up, am using a Beseler 23C-ii. But, I've the opportunity to get my hands on a 23C-iii with a Variable Contrast head (please note that ...
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Light proofing a doorway

In a previous apartment, I converted the bathroom to a darkroom. Light-proofing the door and window proved to be a huge challenge. Fast forward to today, and now my wife and I own a house and I'm ...
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Developing an image on photo paper, using a scanner?

I've heard that it is possible to take an image on photo paper, either as a contact print or with a pinhole camera, and develop it by using a scanner rather than through the wet process. Does anyone ...
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1answer
103 views

Filter pack scale on Unicolor enlarger

I'm trying to get back into color printing and came across this Unicolor enlarger in a junk pile, the filter dials only go up to 17. Is that the actual value of the filter or this this a unique scale ...
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524 views

Omega D2 enlarger - Is it really for 4x5 negatives?

So I bought an Omega D2 enlarger for making 8x10 prints out of my 4x5 negatives at home. I have had two unsolved issues with it that make me question whether it is really suitable for 4x5 printing. ...
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339 views

Enlarging - how to increase exposure time without closing the aperture too much?

When enlarging, let's say the sharpest f-stop on your 135mm lens is f8, but at that aperture you need to expose for such a short period of time, say <1sec, that dodging and burning become ...
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603 views

Why are my enlarged darkroom prints out of focus on edges?

I have a small darkroom where I've just started making B&W prints from 4x5 negatives. Even when the negative is very in focus from edge to edge, and scans nicely, when I print 8x10 with my ...
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4answers
795 views

Can I develop black and white photo paper with T-Max developer?

Quick question for my film users out there. I develop T-Max film at home, with T-Max developer, but have never tried prints. Can I develop black and white photo paper with T-Max developer? I know that ...
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401 views

What is important in a chemical container?

I know that you can buy datatainers for your darkroom chemistry. These are brown and plastic, presumably of some special plastic. I'm looking for alternative shapes and sizes that I can't find pre-...
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451 views

Darkroom 8x10 prints aren't as sharp as 4x5 negatives

I have a small darkroom where I've just started making B&W prints from 4x5 negatives. Even when the negative is very in focus, and scans nicely, when I print 8x10 with my enlarger the details aren'...
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Can I use a cheap night lamp as a safelight?

Has anyone experienced with dollar store night lamp, preferably red one with black and white photo paper? I don't have a safelight and I work in complete darkness. I am wondering experiences others ...
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My prints have a psychedelic mottled surface — did I make a mistake in developing?

my prints have a hazy psychedelic mottled surface. Someone told me it is because I have them in the developer for only a few seconds and they need to be in for 30 seconds, but then they would get too ...
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103 views

Easel hangs off the enlarger baseboard - how to keep the easel level?

I am setting up my first darkroom. I purchased an Omega D2 and an 11x14 enlarging easel that takes up 14x17. I immediately noticed that when I tried to position the easel under the image, most print ...
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294 views

How to Change the Bulb on an Omega Enlarger?

Alright, recently bought an Omega C700 enlarger, and when I turn it on, nothing happens - so I'm assuming the bulb's dead. The issue is, I have no idea how to change it. It looks like you unscrew the ...
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1answer
990 views

What makes a good enlarging easel?

I see enlarging easels on eBay for $20 and for $400. I couldn't fathom what features would make what is essentially just a board worth 2000% as much as another board, provided they are both flat. What ...
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Could I do glass plate photography myself domestically?

Hi I recently came across the works of an old photographer named Jean Gilletta. He worked in Nice, France around the turn of the 20th century. A lot of his works are still in pristine condition ...
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468 views

Is there a Safelight rgb or hex frequency?

My wife is a Black and White film photographer. I was wondering if there is a color code that I could use as a basis for a helper app?
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9k views

Why is a dark-room safelight safe?

I'm no expert in darkroom photography, but it seems a little odd that there is a type of light that doesn't affect film or developing paper etc. The only way that I could think to explain it is: The ...
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679 views

How did film photographers deal with issues around dynamic range?

HDR and multiple exposure blending seems very popular these days. I wonder, what did film photographers do to solve dynamic range issues? For example, I know GND filters were common (and still are), ...
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4answers
9k views

Is stop bath necessary for black and white prints?

I got my enlarger and I'm ready to start making prints. For chemicals, I have Kodak Dektol Developer and Fixer; however, I'm missing Stop Bath. I've heard conflicting reports about how necessary Stop ...
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191 views

Desktop Darkroom?

I'm interested in doing some black and white film photography. I was thinking with the relatively recent DIY/'maker' movements, and miniaturized production systems, such as 3-D printers, I thought ...
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2answers
11k views

How to make color darkroom prints?

I'm diving into the intimidating world of color darkroom prints (RA-4). I've heard some things (no safelight, needs to be the correct temperature, and so on). However, I haven't really found a ...
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Are there advantages to scanning film for prints aside from increased control over the image?

Say I have a negative and wish to make a large print out of it. I have two options: Wet print straight from the negative Scan & dry print In terms of editing, I realise the latter allows more ...
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1answer
102 views

How to dodge dark object behind bright one?

When printing, is there a way to dodge a dark object spotted with many small light ones ? For reference, this is what I'm trying to print, but it could also be a sky with many clouds for example. ...
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3answers
396 views

How do you use a gray card…in the dark room?

Similar to this question; however, I'd like to know more information about using a gray card in a dark room. I know that I am supposed to balance off of it; however, after I make a test strip, how do ...
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188 views

In a darkroom, is fresh air or internal circulation more important?

When installing ventilation in a darkroom, is it more important that air circulates well (in a closed room) or that there's a source of fresh air? The room I currently use for printing has a window I ...
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228 views

What is Ilford Rapid Fixer's capacity without replentishment?

I've bought Ilford Rapid Fixer. I've checked the Fact sheet and it says that capacity without replenishment for a 1+4 solution is 80 sheets of 20.3x25.4cm paper. But, what's the quantity of solution ...
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78 views

Non standard enlarger filter holder

I got a set of 15x15cm (6x6in) enlarger filters which I (obviously) didn't think to check if they would fit my enlarger (Lucky, Japanese brand) The holder itself is about 11x11cm but the area inside ...
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1k views

Can I re-rinse developed negatives?

While printing this weekend I noticed my negative had a very visible dry mark. Can I rewash the negative, possibly adding Photo Flo and drying it again ? The negative isn't very old (1-2 years max), ...
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1answer
2k views

What are the differences between D-76 and Xtol?

I'm starting to run out of developer for B&W film and was looking online for some more. I've been using D-76 and I see nothing wrong with it; however, I saw that I could also buy Xtol. What are ...