# Questions tagged [calculations]

Photographic math — equations, formulas, algorithms related to making or processing images.

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### When to use the LV formula?

EV = log2(f^2/T) LV = EV + log2(ISO/100) Question is to those that this is already clear. It is not a math question, it is a photography question about using Light Value. My puzzlement is "what ...
157 views

### How do I interpret flashlight specs for light painting at a distance?

Context So I've seen light painting shots and I'd like to try it out sometime. I'm more interested in painting say parts of the landscape so they stand out during a long exposure. Question Is there ...
85 views

### Proper method to measure the magnification of a reversed lens [duplicate]

I have a 50mm prime lens and a 18-55mm standard lens at my disposal. How do I measure the magnification of a reversed lens when used with a reverse mount. What are the factors that come into play to ...
2k views

### Which SS/F-stop table is the correct one?

While reading a book that was recognized as a good one by many readers, I found the following table: This means that any of these settings would each result in the same amount of light hitting the ...
402 views

### Why does my camera give a very different reading from my lightmeter?

I'm new to digital photography. I start shooting in aperture priority mode, unless some situation require some shutter speed attention. Both ISO and SS is calculated by camera. I am looking at some ...
2k views

### Is there a formula for calculating exposure when enlarging prints?

I'm curious if there is a formula to determine my exposure in the dark room. Suppose my print comes out perfectly with the following: 8 seconds f/11 height of 8 +3 contrast filter Is there a ...
611 views

### Can I use my camera to measure lens light transmission?

I want to compare and quantify the light transmission of various lenses (with some custom modifiers). So I have a target setup with constant illumination, and a camera body for them ready to shoot ...
872 views

### How do you calculate the focal multiplier of a non-full frame camera?

I'm currently using a Sony RX100 Mark 3 camera and want to buy a Canon 6D + 24-105 F4 L lens from an online retailer, which is not in my country. (before continuing I'd like to state that there are ...
907 views

### Why isn't my computation of the actual size of an object in a photograph matching the expected value?

Let's say I have a full frame camera (Sony A7) with a 50 mm lens (Canon FDn 50mm f/1.4) mounted on it. At a given object (a plane) distance I should be able to compute the size of the image in real ...
85 views

### DoF app: should I round the image format/width up or down?

The DoF app I have calls for the sensor width to be set. The specs for my Sony α33 say the image format is 23.4 x 15.6mm. Do I dial-in the 23.4 or the closest to it? If I must go slightly over/...
71 views

### Choosing lens for a studio to record classes [duplicate]

I'm building a home studio to record Math classes: I have a blackboard (1,90m width by 1,20m height) and the distance from the camera to the blackboard would be around 1,80m (on a tripod, 1,70m from ...
3k views

### If viewers don't respond to the rule of thirds, why do some photographers still emphasize it?

Previous posts (1, 2) explain the concept of the Rule of Thirds and the Golden Ratio. Some previous answers state that the Rule of Thirds is the Golden Ratio, but that is not true. The two are ...
341 views

### Can I calculate my phone's sensor size from f-stop, focal length, max aperture, or other metadata? [duplicate]

Could I work out sensor size of my phone from these info: F-stop= f/2.6 , focal length = 3mm, max aperture = 2.8 and others info like: resolution unit, exposure time?
352 views

### Mathematical relation between aperture and DOF [duplicate]

I know that aperture and DOF are inversely proportional. But, can anybody explain to me the Physics/Optics behind that? What's the mathematical relation that relates aperture with DOF?
169 views

### How do I calculate the total exposure value of two light sources?

Assume that I'm taking the photo of a lamp in an outdoor cloudy day. The lamp itself has the luminance corresponding to 17EV. The environment has the illuminance corresponding to 14EV. What will be ...
506 views

### How can I tell what focal length a zoom lens was set to for a photo of the moon?

It appears that neither the Sony 55-210 mm f/4.5-6.3 nor the Canon EF-S 55–250mm f/4–5.6 reports the actual focal length to the camera: both cameras' metadata show the lens but report the focal length ...
80 views

### Should addition of RGB values be used when adding lens flare to an image?

From the physical theory of lens flare, it is the image of the light source after many times of light reflection between the optical lens surfaces. So it would sound reasonable to add lens flare ...
118 views

### How can I determine the distance to a subject in a old photo with little other information?

My question is similar to this one, but I don't know how accurate the formula will work with old photos. If I assume that the runners would be 1m80 (5'11"), would it possible to estimate how far ...
155 views

### How do I measure the distance from an object to fit it in the screen? [duplicate]

I'm curious if there is any math formula for this. Let's take a close-up of a human face for instance, given the human face is about 20cm/8 inches, how do I choose the right focal length and from ...
179 views

### How to scale between two white balance settings for perceptually equal increments?

If I have two white balance settings (say, one for direct noon sunlight, and one for full shade) and I want to create a series of interpolated settings that span between the two, what would be the ...
2k views

### How do I calculate the maximum aperture at each focal length on a 35-200mm lens

I am looking for the linear maximum aperture of a 35-200mm 3.5/4.5 Nikon manual focus lens. I already know the max & min of the 35 & 200mm it's the 50, 70,105, & 135 that I am interested ...
170 views

### Why is the field of view of my lens narrower than my calculations show it should be?

The field of view of the Panasonic GH4 Micro Four Thirds camera with a 12mm lens is 84°. At a height of 120m, pointing straight down, I should be able to see 216m1 of ground across the diagonal of ...
214 views

### How can I calculate settings for manual flash to reduce trial and error? [duplicate]

I have two Yongnuo 560-III flashes that I have been using for a while, In order to get good results I am having to do a lot of trial and error. Adjusting power, zoom, moving them around etc. Is there ...
1k views

### How do I find the focal length that will fit a poster in the frame from across the room?

If suppose I want to take a photograph of a poster on the wall of the room, so I can't back away any farther than 5.0m to take the shot(max dist of the room). The poster is 0.80m wide and 1.2m tall, ...
511 views

### Does the crop factor affect the field of view (FOV)? [duplicate]

I'm working on smartphone cameras. I want calculate Field Of View of different smartphone cameras using the formula : FOV = 2 arctan(SensorSize/2f) where: f is the focal length sensor size is the ...
506 views

### Why isn't the size of an object in macro image exactly proportional to the ratio of the focal length and distance in front of that?

Using a Canon 550D with a EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro USM lens, I can make a 1:1 macro photo at shortest film plane to subject distance of 310 mm, thus getting 22 mm of a scale on the APS-C sensor, which is ...
1k views

### How can I calculate the effect of a supplementary close-up lens (a.k.a macro filter)?

If I have a +1, +2, +4, or +10 close-up lens which attaches to the front of my regular lens, how can I calculate its effect on close focusing distance, figure out how much magnification I can get from ...
1k views

### How to calculate the correct focal length needed for a subject of a given size and distance?

I need to purchase my first ever lens. So far I've only used lenses that were built into a camera. This specific lens is for the BlackMagic Deign Pocket Cinema Camera (a video only camera, but one ...
5k views

### Calculate angle/field of view from 2D image

I want to calculate the angle of view (or field of view) from a photograph, without knowing anything about the camera (or lens). Please have a look at this example: It is assumed the angle between ...
392 views

### How to estimate the minimum magnification to capture features of a certain size?

What is the correct way to estimate the minimum magnification (maximum subject distance) at which features of a certain size are resolved? My thinking is that given a system capable of resolving a ...
14k views

### How do I calculate the ground footprint of an aerial camera?

I have a very simple math problem, but I cannot seem to figure it out. I need to calculate what portion of the ground will be visible when viewed from a UAV mounted camera. I believe I have it solved ...
13k views

### Do I use the crop factor in calculating aperture size and area?

How do I calculate the aperture size and area, considering an 35mm equivalent focal length value and non-equivalent aperture f-number (in terms of exposure, no multiplication of the crop factor of the ...
3k views

### How do I calculate the number of stops between two shutter speeds?

What is the math equation to calculate the difference between two different shutter speeds in stops?
163 views

### Invariants in subject size and depth of field? [duplicate]

I was curious if I could cheat my way around having to focus stack an object by using different lenses. Playing with the Depth of Field calculator I noticed something interesting: No matter what ...
257 views

### Where can I find tables of common shutter speed and aperture values? [duplicate]

I'm working on image processing software (mind that I'm a programmer and when talking about photography, I'm "tabula almost rasa"). In this software, I'm using a RAW decoder that returns a data ...
420 views

### calculate the 1/x format of shutter speed from given floating point value

How to calculate the x in 1/x format when all i got is decimal floating point representation of the shutter speed ( for example 0.0101316 and possibly other data in exif )?
730 views

### Using a set formula to measure distance in a photo but the answers are coming out much smaller than expected?

I am using the formula distance to object (mm) = focal length (mm) * real height of the object (mm) * image height (pixels) --------------------------------------------------------------...
3k views

### How to determine camera location from an existing photograph?

I have old photos of a town and landscape around it. I'd like to take these photos again, from the same locations. In some cases I am struggling with finding the original location of the camera. I ...
513 views

### How to accurately calculate size in image using relations and a reference

OK so the relation math is easy enough. If you know the size of an object, say a 12" ruler in the image, and you put the ruler flat against another object like a door. You take a picture of the door ...
1k views

### Why do depth of field calculators show *more* DOF for larger formats with the same lens parameters?

I thought I had a pretty good seat of the pants understand of DOF. But I've been playing with DOF calculators and it's giving me results that don't line up with my practical experience, so I'm ...
15k views

### Is the formula for object image size given focal length, etc. independent of sensor size?

I am trying to figure out how big an object of, say, 50cm height at 100m distance and 600mm focal length would appear on a camera's sensor. The ubiquitous formula object size in image = focal length *...
1k views

### Why don't cameras provide you with DOF information?

The viewfinder is usually not 100% accurate in representing the final image you will get and I've lost a few shots while using a too narrow DOF. I would imagine that cameras, knowing the focal length, ...
8k views

### How to calculate the optimal pinhole size?

As far as I've understood, optimal diameter for pinhole size is calculated by formula where d - the optimal diameter for pinhole c - constant f - focal length (distance between pinhole and ...
2k views

### At what distance from the lens will the image be in focus given a subject distance and focal length? [closed]

I've been trying to figure this one out for more than an hour now and I have no idea how to calculate this... You capture a picture of a tree which is standing 3m away from the camera. The focal ...
4k views

### How do I calculate equivalent focal length from field of view?

I'm working with zone sieve and zone plate photography. Zone sieve/plate is similar to pinhole photography but it can give a softer, dreamier, look. This is a zone sieve photo I've taken: Zone sieve/...
2k views

### How do I know how much light will be needed for a given film speed, shutter speed, and aperture?

For a given film type, shutter speed and aperture, how do I calculate the light needed to get a good exposure? For example, if I use a f/8 aperture, an exposure time of 100 ms and a ISO 800-film (...
4k views

### How do I convert focal length to maximum distance?

I would like to know whether there is any relation between focal length and distance. For example, what is the max distance I can shoot from a 55mm-300mm lens?
864 views

### Can I estimate the light gathering power of a lens by measuring size of entrance pupil?

Supposing I have an unknown lens of which I don't know f/# and focal length. I want to estimate the total amount of light that my lens can collect which, I believe, is given by the solid angle that my ...