Linked Questions

128
votes
7answers
18k views

What is "ISO" on a digital camera?

What is "ISO" in general, and how is the scale defined? How does the ISO scale for film speed differ from ISO sensitivity as used in digital cameras? Is lower ISO always better?
43
votes
7answers
17k views

Why is there an ISO setting when shooting raw?

Raw files are supposed to contain mostly unprocessed data from the sensor. What's the point of having an ISO setting if it doesn't affect the amount of photons counted, but only provides amplification?...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Is the following video explaining ISO accurate? [duplicate]

So, I was searching for the exact mechanism behind the workings of ISO (or film speed) in digital camera. I found this video and it was pretty simple. But i was wondering if this video is accurate and ...
14
votes
4answers
5k views

Why is sensor sensitivity called "ISO"?

I was curious to know how the term "ISO" was coined for referring the image sensor's sensitivity. Is there any reason or circumstance that contributed for terming "ISO"? Also, does ISO has a literal ...
45
votes
10answers
3k views

Should higher ISOs really be preferred (all other things being equal)?

My understanding of the ISO setting on digital cameras is that, unlike film-cameras, changing the ISO does not evoke any physical change in the camera. Rather, it simply tells the camera to multiply ...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

Why don't digital cameras have better dynamic ranges?

ISO in digital cameras is a digital amplification of the signal. If your camera's native ISO is 100, setting the ISO to 400 would make the sensor amplify the brightness 4x. So if ISO is digital, does ...
9
votes
3answers
8k views

How does a film camera perform exposure compensation?

I have a Nikon D3x, a Nikon F6 and a Nikon F3/T. It is my understanding that, on a digital camera, "exposure compensation" actually alters signal amplification, similar but not identical to changing ...
13
votes
6answers
7k views

Can you fix incorrect exposure during post processing?

If a photo is over or under exposed but not to the point of clipping (histogram does not reach the left or right side) is there any reason you couldn't just fix the exposure in Photoshop or Lightroom? ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Does changing the ISO of a modern digital camera really change the gain of an electronic amplifier?

The question Why would using higher ISO and faster shutter speed yield more noise than using lower ISO and slower shutter speed? currently has five answers, and four of them contain the word amplify ...
2
votes
2answers
441 views

Where can I learn the theory behind photography and camera engineering?

While I do have a basic understanding of the concepts of photography, it would be great to also understand the theoretical background behind the optics and the engineering of modern cameras. E.g. to ...
0
votes
1answer
173 views

How does digital ISO work electronically? One amplifier or many? [duplicate]

As I understand the way ISO boosting works in a digital sensor, is that the voltage coming from each pixel is boosted (or suppressed) by an analog amplifier. So, for example, if the native sensitivity ...
6
votes
1answer
8k views

How can I find my camera's native ISO?

I understand the concept of native ISO, and prefer to shoot the closest possible to my camera's native ISO. However, from my understanding, a given camera's native ISO can vary between 100 and 200, ...
32
votes
4answers
5k views

Why can't the ISO level on most digital cameras be set below 80?

Why is it that the ISO level on most digital cameras doesn't seem to go lower than ISO 80? I understand (vaguely) that the sensors adjust the gain in order to achieve the equivalent of a high ISO ...
0
votes
1answer
664 views

How does ISO setting change CCD/CMOS sensor behavior? [duplicate]

In order to understand the technology in a digital camera, I considered the following question: How does ISO setting change CCD/CMOS sensor behavior? For example, does ISO setting affect the amount ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Is analog gain really actually power-of-two only?

Context I'm using a Nikon D5200, which features extra ISO values between powers of two, that the Nikon D60 did not offer. D60 offers 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600 (1-stop interval). D5200 offers two ...

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