Linked Questions

0
votes
6answers
5k views

Do f-stops scale with sensor size the way focal length does? [duplicate]

Does the aperture rating scale with sensor size the way focal length does? For example, is a 25mm 1.2 MFT lens equivalent to a 50mm 1.2 FF lens or to a 50mm 2.0 FF lens?
1
vote
6answers
629 views

Lens equivalent depth of field [duplicate]

This question is ported directly from Physics SE, because the guys there believe this is the right place for it. In digital photography, there's the principle of lens equivalency, according to which, ...
0
votes
3answers
844 views

How is depth-of-field affected on micro format cameras? [duplicate]

One of my favorite qualities of large apertures (besides the low light capability) is their characteristic shallow focus that can offer dramatic background blur. I've been considering how a micro ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Depth of field: 28mm & crop vs 50mm & full frame [duplicate]

I've seen the posts about the angle of view being the same for a 28mm lens on a 1.6 crop sensor as for a 50mm lens on a full frame. I understand it. But what about the depth of field. Will that ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

For the same attainable sensitivity, how does DOF depend on sensor size? [duplicate]

It's well known that all other settings being the same, larger sensor translates into a shallower DOF. However, for the same number of pixels, doubling linear size of the sensor size would quadruple ...
149
votes
10answers
53k views

What is the “exposure triangle”?

What is the exposure triangle? How do the "sides" affect my photographs?
64
votes
5answers
9k views

What exactly determines depth of field?

There are several questions here about the definition of depth of field, about focal length, and about subject distance. And of course there's the basic how does aperture affect my photographs. And ...
41
votes
7answers
7k views

What is “Hyperfocal Distance”?

I'd like a clear & easy-to-understand (especially for non-physics-types) explanation of what Hyperfocal Distance is, how it affects photographs, and what determines its value.
37
votes
7answers
16k views

Does my crop sensor camera actually turn my lenses into a longer focal length?

So, I mount a 200mm lens on my Canon 450D. It effectively becomes a 320mm lens. Is this the equivalent of 320mm on a full frame camera? That is, from what I've figured out I get an equivalent field of ...
36
votes
6answers
27k views

Why does a bigger sensor lead to a shallower depth of field?

It has been mentioned at a few places that a larger sensor results in images with a shallower depth of field. Example image: APS-C Canon 30D left, FF Canon 5D right, same lens, same composition, ...
42
votes
6answers
5k views

Is crop-factor a bad thing?

It seems to me that there is a preference for full-frame sensors rather than cropped sensors, and I'm curious as to why. It seems to me, that the cropped sensor means that I get more bang for my buck ...
16
votes
10answers
3k views

Is replacing all my Fujifilm gear with this Canon zoom lens an upgrade?

I'm a hobby photographer. I like taking portraits, which I often do at festivals and conventions. I usually take the following gear: Fujifilm X-T2 (an APS-C sensor mirrorless camera), a 16-55mm f/2.8 (...
27
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it physically possible to build a long zoom (17-300 mm for example) at an aperture value of around 1.4 or 1.2?

I'm curious if the physics allow a company to build such a lens of course with good IQ, minimal color aberration, maximum sharpness, and little to none lens vignetting or edge softness
24
votes
6answers
15k views

Are there general rules for selecting the correct shutter speed and ISO in manual mode?

I have purchased my first DSLR (a Canon 500D) and have been playing around quite a lot within the aperture priority mode, with auto shutter speed and ISO. Anyways as I would like to become a better ...
38
votes
2answers
7k views

Why no zoom lenses with a maximum aperture wider than f/2.8?

I can understand that a zoom lens with a maximum aperture wider than f/2.8 would be difficult and costly, but it seems like something pros would kill for. Surely it can't be more expensive (if its ...
14
votes
5answers
33k views

What does the f-stop printed on the lens refer to?

I have read this,so I know what an f-stop is, but what does the number on printed the lens signify? Is this is the maximum f-stop, the ideal, or something else?
15
votes
7answers
836 views

Does lens speed still increase meaningfully when the physical aperture is larger than the sensor size?

This question came to me this morning, thinking about 50mm lenses. I have the Pentax 50mm f/1.7 (manual) and it's a very nice lens, but would be considered (relatively) slow on 35mm film, and many ...
21
votes
4answers
6k views

Do the same camera settings lead to the same exposure across different sensor sizes?

Let's say I have a micro-4/3rd camera and a full frame camera, both set to 1/60 at f/2.8, taking a picture of the same scene in the same lighting. Will the exposure be the same across both cameras ...
15
votes
5answers
5k views

Will a dSLR and compact camera produce the same bokeh output at f/2.0?

Will a Nikon D80 + 50mm f/1.8D and a Lumix LX5 set both at an aperture of f/2.0 (50mm @ f/2.0 for D80 and 24mm @ f/2.0 for LX5) have the same bokeh ouput? I plan to get the LX5 as a second camera, and ...
14
votes
6answers
11k views

How do I find a point-and-shoot camera specifically for bokeh / a very shallow depth of field?

I will be getting a point-and-shoot camera for taking portraits and only portraits. Specifically portraits with a shallow depth of field. Groups portraits sometimes. It's just too much work to add ...
12
votes
3answers
8k views

Why don't comparisons of aperture take sensor size into account?

When one compares focal length, many times we use the 35mm equivalent length. A 50mm lens on an APS-C sensor camera(1.6x) would be a 80mm equiv. length on a full frame camera. But when we state the ...
17
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the “Circle of Confusion?”

I know that when I want to calculate Depth of Field by hand one of the variable elements in that equation is the Circle of Confusion. In layman's terms, what is the "Circle of Confusion," how do I ...
2
votes
7answers
16k views

Do I use the crop factor in calculating aperture size and area?

How do I calculate the aperture size and area, considering an 35mm equivalent focal length value and non-equivalent aperture f-number (in terms of exposure, no multiplication of the crop factor of the ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Confused about T-stop number. Does it account for crop factor?

I understand that a T/stop number deals with how much light is let in, instead of the sensor size vs. aperture like the f/stop number. However, what I haven't found is whether or not that T/stop ...
9
votes
5answers
976 views

Would a 50mm lens on a Canon APS-C crop produce the exact same image as an 80mm lens on a full frame camera?

Scenario: I put a 80mm lens on a FF camera and take a picture I put a 50mm lens on a Canon APS-C crop camera (1.6x crop) and take a picture Going by the 1.6x crop, I understand the fields of view of ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do depth of field calculators show *more* DOF for larger formats with the same lens parameters?

I thought I had a pretty good seat of the pants understand of DOF. But I've been playing with DOF calculators and it's giving me results that don't line up with my practical experience, so I'm ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

Does a 35mm prime lens show the same bokeh as a 50mm prime lens on a cropped sensor?

I came to know that a 50mm prime lens on a cropped sensor behaves like an 75mm prime lens. So, does the 35mm prime lens behave like a 50mm prime lens on a cropped sensor? If yes, then will it show ...
1
vote
10answers
10k views

Is an aperture range of 3.5-5.6 shallow enough to provide great bokeh on a cropped sensor?

I have been primarily shooting with a Canon 18-135 f/3.5-5.6 for several years now, and I am not completely satisfied with it. The problems I have are: A bit too wide on the low end A bit too short ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How does using a lens with some focal length on a full frame camera differ from using a lens with “equivalent” focal lens on a crop camera?

As an example, a 35mm lens on a crop body (such as Nikon DX) is said to be "equivalent" to a 50mm lens on a full frame body. Equivalent here means that they will have the same field of view, but what ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What's the formula for f-stop equivalence between different sensor sizes?

The famous Group f/64, to which Ansel Adams and several other prominent photographers of that day belonged, were named that because of the f-stop: The term f/64 refers to a small aperture setting ...
2
votes
3answers
430 views

Better 10-22mm lens for Canon

The famous Canon 10-22mm lens is quite well-built. The image is sharp near the corners, and it has a fast auto-focus system. But unfortunately, it's aperture is relatively narrow... Would there be ...
2
votes
3answers
5k views

1 Inch 20MP sensor vs 1/2.3" 12MP sensor?

All things being equal, is a 1-inch 20MP sensor basically the same as a 1/2.3" 12MP sensor? If it is the same, does it then boil down to which camera has better mechanics; lens, mechanics, etc? ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What will I lose by switching from FX to DX mode (with an FX lens)?

I have a full frame camera (Nikon D-810) and a tele lens (Nikon 70-200mm) and want to use it as my first experience in a fashion runway show. It is not like I want a full frame to capture a landscape ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Is the angle of view actually different on APS-C?

A 50mm prime lens, whether APS-C or Full-frame is designed around the 35mm format. As such, is the angle of view actually different on a DX/APS-C crop sensor or are we just seeing less of the full ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Equivalent focal length and aperture of 150mm medium format lens on a 35mm camera

I'm mounting a Hasselblad Sonnar C 150 mm f4 on a 35mm sensor (43mm diagonal) camera. What is the calculation to get the new angle of view and equivalent focal length? Does this also affect the ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

Does F number stay the same between 35mm and Medium Format?

Rented a medium format camera to see "what is this medium format look" everyone talks about! and evaluate if it is awesome enough to start saving money for it or not. So my own camera is a Nikon D-...
4
votes
1answer
411 views

What is the camera's influence on lenses' optical properties?

I installed my 50mm f/1.4 Nikon lens on my Olympus E-P1. I notice some properties of the lens changed — namely, magnification and DoF both increased. I understand magnification increases because of ...
0
votes
3answers
836 views

How do I properly compare this full frame lens to cropped frame lenses?

I am looking for a 35mm e-mount lens to put on an APS-C camera. The obvious choices are the 35mm Sony F1.8 with OSS, and the Zeiss Touit 32mm F1.8, but as I've been looking at those options I see a ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do DPReview's charts show the G7X II as having an aperture around f/8?

I have a Canon G7X II camera, which has a 24-100mm f/1.8-2.8 lens. Why does DPReview's chart show it having an aperture of around f/8 at a focal length of 100mm?
3
votes
2answers
245 views

Can I reproduce a photo taken with a larger sensor by converting camera settings to their equivalents?

I was going through Flickr looking at photos taken with a Canon SL1 and came across a cityscape photo taken at night with a very dark sky. The photo is beautiful. Using the kit lens, the settings were:...
4
votes
1answer
607 views

How does Depth of Field change when changing distance to account for cropped sensor?

I know that if I take my full frame lens (for example 50mm/1.4) and put it on an APS-C sensor, the field of view (FOV) changes. So what I will do is move back to retain the same subject magnification. ...
2
votes
4answers
364 views

Since larger pixels increase depth of field and sensitivity, why don't we have large sensors with a low number of pixels?

If I understood correctly, the DoF (all other parameters fixed) increases with the pixel surface. So to have a high sensitivity together with a deep DoF, why don't we just have big pixels (and thus ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Will the Sony FDR-AX100 really be better in low light than the Sony FDR-AX33, even though the latter has a faster lens?

I see that Sony FDR-AX100's lens has opens at f/2.8 while Sony FDR-AX33's lens opens at f/1.8 I am often doing photos (Canon 6D) or videos in places where a f/1.8 lens would be a great advantage over ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Will a Sigma 35mm f/1.4 cropped to DX mode give adequate results vs full-frame Nikon 50mm f/1.4?

I own a D800 and the Nikon 50mm 1.4. I'm wondering, what if I bought the new beast Sigma 35mm f1.4 (sell my nikon) and if I need a 50mm, I just enable crop mode, which roughly give me a 50mm. The ...
1
vote
1answer
675 views

What compact interchangeable lens cameras have manual video?

I'm looking to buy a single camera to use both as a personal snapshot camera and as a video camera to document my artistic work (mainly kinetic sculptures and light installations). The micro four ...
1
vote
4answers
408 views

FX 50mm on DX sensor giving same picture as DX 50mm on DX sensor? [duplicate]

One of the lenses I have for my Nikon D3200 is the 50mm f/1.8 FX lens, which when placed on the DX sensor should act like a 75mm f/2.7. On my Sony a6000, I have a 55-210mm f/4.5-6.3 lens made for the ...
4
votes
1answer
483 views

Lens f-number and speed on adapted lenses

A lens has a focal length, and its entrance pupil has a diameter. The ratio of these is an f-number. The size of the entrance pupil is limited by the size of the front element, and we describe lenses ...
2
votes
2answers
347 views

Can I mount my M42 and Sony/Minolta A-mount lenses on a Micro Four Thirds or APS-C mirrorless camera?

I am thinking about buying a digital camera, namely a Panasonic Lumix GX80/GX85 Micro Four Thirds (M4/3). Though, I do not intent to spend money on lenses very soon, and would like to remain using ...
2
votes
1answer
545 views

Do crop sensors increase the depth of field when using full frame lenses?

I'm trying to achieve maximum depth of field without sacrificing light. I have a micro-4/3rds camera and i want to attach a full frame lens to it for the large and constant aperture. My question is, ...
1
vote
2answers
243 views

What mm equivalent is my Kodak No. 31 Anastigmat F 4.5 5 1/2 inch lens?

I just purchased an old large format Speed Graphic camera. It came with a Kodak No. 31 Anastigmat F 4.5 5½ inch lens on a Compur shutter. I was wondering what equivalent mm focal length of this lens ...

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