I have two photos (unedited, with all the metadata added by the camera) one was taken in a studio, the other one with my cellphone. I'm wondering if it would be possible to edit the photo taken in a studio so that the colors, tone, etc... would look the same as if I had took it myself. My goal is to see how the studio photo would look compared to the one I took with my cellphone under the same conditions. Is it possible to do that given the photos have all the metadata the camera stored within them ?
Is it possible to do that given the photos have all the metadata the camera stored within them ?
In general, no — the metadata is just broad strokes, not a detailed forensic or scientific report.
If you are interested in really reproducing all characteristics of an image, you're basically down to an even-more complicated version of this question about artificially "changing" shutter speed. (Quick version: not easily done at all!)
If you just want to replicate the colors and tones, that can generally be done, but by eye and by using tools like the image tone histogram — see this answer about histograms for some suggestion of how that works. This is because while the metadata may contain some color profile information, it doesn't include details of the tone curves used — or the chemical equivalent in film. (See Is it possible to reproduce a colour tone (of any photos) perfectly (by curves)? and How do I evaluate a camera's JPEG tone curve options when the manufacturer only provides flowery prose? for a bit on that.)