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Going through my late dad's stuff, I found a bunch of vintage cameras (including a Lumicon Silver 8, a Kodak Six-20 Brownie C, and a Kodak Brownie Reflex).

There is one piece of equipment I couldn't identify - it's a lens that looks very old, seems to be made of brass, and says "HERMAGIS OPTn BteS GDG PARIS OBJECTIF CINEMA". I remember using this as a kid as a "magnifying glass". Now it clearly is a cinema camera lens, but since it doesn't have any other markings, I'm stuck.

I've googled "Hermagis lens" and similar but none of the pictures match. Here's a couple of pictures of mine:

enter image description here enter image description here

How can I find out what this is?

On closer inspection, the lens seems to have two outer threads - maybe this is two different things screwed together? Like a lens and (part of) the thing with the shutter? The french "objectif" throws me off a bit here (and this would be written in the non-lens part, if this is indeed two parts). May try to use some oil to unscrew it.

The plot thickens! After warm water, soap, and oil, I managed to get everything unstuck. This revealed a couple of new inscriptions in the lens itself:

enter image description here

enter image description here

Seems to say "90 + 11 Hermagis". Still doesn't really tell me what it is :(

I also believe this is actually one full lens (the glass and the two smaller metal parts) and part of a second lens (the big metal part with the HERMAGIS inscription). These two were very stuck but not actually screwed together:

enter image description here

The outer ring is a bit bent so I can't put the lens and the small ring that holds it, so I can't confirm this theory yet. But now the whole thing may be easier to identify :)

  • Possible, if not related: camera-wiki.org/wiki/Aplanastigmat ...also, please please please find a way to mount that to a modern camera. Would love to see some images produced by it. – Hueco Jan 9 '18 at 16:33
  • @Corey: I have no idea how to do that, but I can try :) – ggambett Jan 9 '18 at 16:54
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For the moment I'm going to ignore the minor detail that this is a projection lens, and consider it purely as a lens.

You can determine at least the basic characteristics fairly easily. First, let's consider the focal length. The focal length of a lens is the distance you have to hold the lens from a plane to get an object at infinite distance to focus on that plane.

For experimental purposes, it's usually easiest to treat the distance from the earth to the sun as infinite. So, if you go outside on a sunny day, you can focus the sun on the ground. Then measure the distance from the lens to the ground when the sun is in focus, and that's the lens' focal length.

At least that's the theory for a "thin lens", which is mostly a theoretical concept. With a real lens, you're supposed to measure from the "primary node" of the lens, which you probably don't know. For the sake of simplicity, I'd measure from approximately the front element (the one closest to the sun, in our scenario). Although it won't be perfect, that'll give at least a reasonable idea of the focal length.

From there you can pretty easily compute the aperture. The aperture is measured as a ratio to the focal length. You measure the diameter of the hole the light can go through, and divide that into the focal length you measured earlier.

For example, let's assume you measured the focal length as 10 cm, and the diameter as 2 cm. That would mean you have a 100 mm, f/5 lens.

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The imprint is probably 'HERMAGIS OPTn Bte S.G.D.G PARIS OBJECTIF CINEMA'

Hermagis OPTn (Opticien) was an optical manufacturer located in Paris during the second half of the 19th century or so.

'Bte S.G.D.G.' is an abbreviation of 'Breveté Sans Garantie Du Gouvernement', which means 'Patent without government guarantee'. S.G.D.G. was previously used as a disclaimer on patents issued by French authorities to signify that the patent does not guarantee any practical functionality of the relevant object.

'Objectif Cinéma' is French and means 'projection lens'.

So, what you have simply seems to be a patented projection lens from Hermangis. Any reason why you doubt this?

  • No, no doubts at all. I just want to know more about the lens - its optical characteristics, what was it used for, etc. – ggambett Jan 9 '18 at 21:10
  • 1
    What do you mean with 'what was it used for'? It is a projection lens. – jarnbjo Jan 9 '18 at 21:15
  • Ah, that's fantastic! So it's a projection lens, not a camera lens? I would like to know what kind of projector (make and model?) it was used with, for example. If it was a lens, I wanted to know its focal distance, etc. – ggambett Jan 9 '18 at 21:35
  • @ggambett That probably takes this out of the realm of expertise of this site..... – mattdm Jan 10 '18 at 0:58

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