Can I take a picture with a Canon EOS1300D with a Canon EF 50 mm f1.8 STM Lens of the milky way?
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According to this review website you certainly can.
General verdict is that its a cheap lens, and not going to be as clear as nicer lenses out there.
The 1300D has a Bulb shutter mode and exposures up to 30 seconds. Again, a better camera would have less noise on long exposures.
That would be a good combination for the Milky Way. Although I usually like to use an 18 mm lens on a crop sensor camera for the Milky Way, you will get a smaller portion and longer Star trails. I usually shoot at ISO 3200-6400, lens wide open (f1.8 in your case) and mess with the shutter speed 10-30 seconds usually. I stack several images to reduce noise. You could use a lower ISO to reduce noise and a longer shutter speed but you may get unacceptable star trails. The only thing I don’t like about your setup is the long focal length but other than that it is a fine setup for the Milky Way. The Milky Way always needs post processing to bring out the colors otherwise it just looks like a bunch of stars.