What are the generally accepted guidelines for iso, f-stop, aperture, etc. that help take better pictures of the stars? In the past I've mostly used a small webcam that fits over the eyepiece of my telescopes, but I can't easily transport a scope (without risking damage to it.) I'm usually looking at individual planets, nebulae, or constellations, but that type of magnification is not really possible with just a camera as far as I know. What settings should I use for targeting star clusters or the whole night sky?
For reference, the camera is a Canon Rebel SL1 and I have 18-55 and 75-300 58mm lenses and a pretty solid tripod.