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I recently came back from holidays and noticed a lot of my photos have these lines on them. I have a Canon 450d and use Canon lenses. I used a polarizing filter at times. What could be causing this?

Prague

  • I suspect you've got the right answer below, but one query - is the pattern identical on each photo that's affected? i.e. can you post a couple of impacted pictures, taken at different times, and maybe one without the effect, and can you include the settings (particularly the f-stop used). – EightBitTony Jul 15 '16 at 13:23
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It's an odd pattern, but faint shapes like that generally indicate something on the sensor. Dust is most common, but that usually looks like a somewhat blurred roundish spot. The branching threads here make me think this might be fungus, which is generally bad news. Prague isn't particularly humid, but perhaps you were in a damp situation at some point.

I say "bad news" because while dust is usually on top of the filter stack which is (permanently) affixed to the top of your sensor, I've heard of fungus getting under/inside the filters.

Some things to check:

  • Is the artifact in the same place in every photo, or does it move around? Moving around would be good, here, since fungus wouldn't. (On the other hand, some oddly-shaped environmental particle could also stick.)

  • How does the artifact change when you change aperture? In general, anything on the sensor is more sharp with smaller aperture (higher f-numbers). It may even be invisible with faster (smaller f-number) apertures. Why use a small aperture when trying to see sensor dust?

In any case, I would start by cleaning your sensor (What is the best way to clean the sensor on a digital SLR?) to see if that helps.

Hopefully it is just something kind of thread-like. You might want to opt for a professional cleaning — or, maybe this is an excuse for a camera replacement, since that model is over seven years old at this point, and technology has definitely improved all around.

  • My camera was in a drawer for a few months before I used it. I'm from Ireland so you can imagine it is very damp here. If the camera is damaged, wouldn't these lines be on all my photos? – Sarah M Jul 13 '16 at 16:55
  • They may be less visible in some. See edited answer. – mattdm Jul 13 '16 at 16:58
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    @SarahM, the fungus could also just be on top of the filter that protects the sensor, in which case you might be able to clean it off, if it hasn't etched its way through anything. You could then considering making a DIY dry box (airtight plastic storage container with some dessicant in it) to prevent fungus growth in the future. You will also want to check your lenses as well as the sensor. Fungus is problematic because it excretes acid that can etch through glass coatings, effectively totalling a lens. – inkista Jul 13 '16 at 19:12
  • @SarahM and keep in mind that fungus spreads. Keep your lenses separate from the camera (and each other) in long term storage. – null Jul 13 '16 at 20:58
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    Fungus in a lens can also show up like this at narrower apertures. If it's sensor based it will be in the same place in every photo. If it is lens based then zooming the lens (if a zoom lens) will move where it shows up in the photo. As others have already said, it will be more distinct at smaller apertures and against bright uniform backgrounds. This is true of both lens or sensor based fungus. – Michael C Jul 14 '16 at 1:30
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It looks like you have some pretty bad dust on your sensor. I'm guessing that based on how deep your depth of field is, it's something that comes out with smaller f/stops.

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    Not dust. Maybe threads/fibers. Or fungus on either the camera or in the lens. – Michael C Jul 14 '16 at 1:25
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It’s out-of-focus images of lint resting atop the protective cover glass that protects the image sensor. All you need to do is use a camel’s hair brush, preferably one what has a bellows that blows air as it sweeps. Worst case, clean per you camera’s instruction manual.

addendum: The shadows of stuff on the senor cover likely goes unnoticed unless the background is mundane like blue sky etc. The f/number setting is also a factor. The cover glass hovers just over the senor surface. If the lens is stopped down to a tiny diameter, the light rays, from the cover glass position arrive straight on like a spot light causing the debris to cast a harsh shadow. If the lens is near wide open the rays, from the cover glass viewpoint appear to come from a more wide-ranging illumination. Thus the wide open aperture casts indistinct shadows.

  • Lint or fungus. – Michael C Jul 14 '16 at 1:31
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Look at the camera instructions at the section that explains how to clean the sensor. As the first step, you don't need to clean it, but take a look. Strong pointed light source would be useful and if you have one of those rubber balls for lens and sensor cleaning, you can blow some air to the chamber to see if you can move it or even blow out.

Nice picture of the National Theatre by the way.

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