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I'm in the market for a lens I can use for portrait photography as well as nature. I hate background blur. The portrait photography I do and get a great response from, are the ones where I frame the subject myself.

What type of lens, for a reasonable price, can I get that will not blur the background, yet still provide great quality photos?

At the moment, I own a Nikon Coolpix p510. I plan to buy a camera after I pick out the lens to get the best results. I'm fine with slight blur while the focus is on the main subject, but I have noticed while looking at portrait lenses, most remove background details all together.

marked as duplicate by null, scottbb, mattdm, Itai, Dan Wolfgang May 15 '16 at 0:13

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    What,exactly, do you mean by, "...the ones where I frame the subject myself?" – Michael C May 14 '16 at 18:42
  • I use things in the background to frame the subject. If I could add a photo I would. – Heaven May 14 '16 at 19:09
  • Such as shrubbery.. Or flowers.. Things that add something to the image. – Heaven May 14 '16 at 19:10
  • You should take separate pictures, one with the person in view and then another one of only the background. By combining the two pictures, you'll not only get everything well in focus, you'll also get the exposure right for both the background and the person. – Count Iblis May 14 '16 at 23:09
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Lens factors that give deeper depth of field

The longer a lens is, and the larger its aperture setting (limited by its maximum aperture), the less depth of field and the more background blurring it will give. (See: How can I take a photo with everything in focus with my DSLR?)

Portrait lens

Lenswise, I'd actually say that what you're asking for is the opposite of most peoples' definition of a 'portrait lens'. Most of us consider a lens that can yield a thin depth of field with a large aperture (f/2.8 or larger [smaller f-number])--either a short telephoto prime (e.g. an 85mm f/1.8), or a telephoto f/2.8 zoom to be a portrait lens. And these lenses are not what one would typically use for landscape shooting, which is a wide angle (short focal length) lens.

Choosing a first lens

I'd suggest first using the kit lens that comes with the camera body before deciding whether you need a fast prime lens. It can stop down to f/8 to give a deep depth of field just like a fast prime would, covers a number of different focal lengths, so you can get a chance to see what focal lengths/working distances you favor, and can be used with a flash, just like any other lens. It can also go wide enough to be used for landscape shooting. And--more importantly--kitted with a body, it's the cheapest lens you can find, so you aren't spending much on your "training wheels" lens.

Buying lenses as a newb is a chicken-or-the-egg problem. To know what lens you want, you need experience with lenses, but to have experience with lenses, you have to get a lens. The kit is a nice, low-cost solution to getting some experience, even if it won't be your final lens. And all lens decisions are highly personal--everybody has different subject matter, different working distance preferences, different compositional needs, and different budgets so there are no object "best" choices for any given thing. (See this lens upgrade answer).

Interchangeable lenses tend to be lousy general-purpose all-in-one tools, but great specialized task tools. Chances are you'll eventually want two different lenses: one for landscapes, and one for portraits. This is why interchangeable lens cameras are so much more expensive--just getting the camera and a lens is only the beginning of building your camera system.

Other DoF factors

But also realize that background blur isn't determined solely by the lens. There are a number of factors that affect how much out of focus blur you can get in a scene. Your working distance, and the distance from the subject to the background may actually be even more important.

Bigger Sensor → More Blur

The size of the sensor also affects the amount of background blur you get. So, if you're very concerned about DoF, you need to consider that as well, not just which camera will fit the lens you want. For example, micro four-thirds cameras have sensors with a 2x crop factor (i.e., how much smaller the sensor is than a frame of 35mm film), so they're better for attaining a deeper depth of field than an APS-C sensored camera, although not as good as your Coolpix is.

You're currently shooting with a 1/2.3"-format sensor in your Coolpix P510. This is very small. It has a 5.6x crop factor. dSLR and mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras often have 1.5x APS-C sensors in them--making them roughly 3-4 times larger than the sensor you're working with. As a result, the lenses will be 3-4 times longer. To frame exactly the same way as you would with your camera, you may be using a longer lens, or working closer to your subject. Both of which reduce your depth of field and increase the amount of background blur. So moving to a larger-sensored camera inherently means more background blurring. You won't just see it in macro shots any more.

Consider a flash

Your main tool for increasing the depth of field with a larger format camera is going to be using a smaller aperture and a shorter lens. But too short (say, below 50mm), and you can distort someone's face. And too small an aperture, and you may not have enough light to prevent motion blur because you could force the camera to use a slower shutter speed. So, you may also need to add flash to the scene to get the light levels bright enough. This is why off-camera lighting is the go-to technique for professional portrait photographers. So, you'll also want to make sure whatever camera you choose has a flash hotshoe.

See also: What do I need to consider to choose between dSLR, mirrorless, or a compact as my first "serious" camera?

  • 1.56X crop factor for a 1/2.3" sensor? More like 5.56X. – Michael C May 14 '16 at 23:58
  • @MichaelClark, thanks for catching the typo. Fixed to 5.6x. – inkista May 15 '16 at 0:04
  • To help alleviate the chicken-or-egg issue on lens selection, there are a number of places one can rent a lens to try it out before buying. – FreeMan May 16 '16 at 15:52
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What you want is to have a deep depth of field. This keyword and your favorite search engine will answer your question. Essentially, it depends less on the lens than on how you use it: close the diaphragm and you'll get a deeper depth of field.

Now, you have to be aware that most photographer would disagree with you, and would argue that a good portrait lens is one that allows a shallow depth of field.

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Usually, photographers like more background blur, which you achieve with: big sensor, large aperture, and long lens (50mm or higher); which are all more expensive.

Lucky for you, that means you can buy a cheaper lens and camera that will give you exactly what you want. What you want is a "slow" (that means a small aperture), wideangle lens (maybe around 35mm), and a small sensor.

I would recommend a micro-four thirds camera, which have smaller sensors and great lens selection. Maybe an Olympus?

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You will find that lenses marketed as good for portraits will have a "short telephoto" focal length and a wide maximum aperture. Using a wide aperture is what blurs the background. (This is widely considered to be a desirable effect in a portrait photograph.) But you can always just use a narrow aperture, and the background won't be blurred. Any lens will allow this.

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