It all depends on your definition of "match". :) To me, if your definition of match is "exactly the same in every way," I'd say no. If your definition of match is "close enough for jazz," I'd say absolutely.
Can you approximate the same field of view and depth of field, etc. etc., with an APS-C Canon body and a Canon lens? Of course you can. The EF 24mm f/2.8 STM is probably your closest analog, although it is, of course, one stop slower. But it also has the pancake low profile of the X100T's lens.
Can you shoot identically and get the exact same type of shots with the exact same feel? Probably not.
I shoot with both an X100T and a Canon 50D (it replaced my old Canon 350D/XT). And they're substantially different tools, that I use in substantially different ways. I do have an EF 40mm f/2.8 STM pancake lens that I put on the front of my 5DMkII as a just-wider-than-normal walkaround lens, and I have to say that it still feels like a huge clunky dSLR. :) Same deal putting my adapted pancake C/Y Zeiss Tessar 45/2.8 pancake on my 50D. Both are not only bulkier and less discreet, the viewfinder frames slightly less than the image I'm taking.
The X100T, otoh, is very small (coat-pocketable), very light, very discreet, and the field of view in the optical viewfinder is much wider than the frame I'm about to take. Composing within brightlines, rather than the edges of the viewfinder, changes things--your timing for things coming into the frame, your awareness of framing possibilities, etc. I shoot in a very different, looser, more casual style with my X100T, while I tend to be more deliberate with my dSLRs.
That doesn't mean you can't do the same style of shooting with a Canon dRebel, just that the X100T nurtures that type of shooting in a way the Canon doesn't, and vice versa.
Add into that the physical differences of the sensors (Bayer vs. X-Trans color filter array), and how their processors handle colors, and there are subtle differences in the resultant files. You might be able to equate one to the other with post-processing skillz, but there are some presets that Fuji offers for JPEG images that some folks are having difficulty duplicating on their own (e.g., "Classic Chrome").