Among mains-powered lighting systems, you can either get a kit with a central power pack, and attached heads, or monolights, each with its own power supply.

What are the advantages and disadvantages with each system? Is one or the other suited specifically for certain purposes?


1 Answer 1


In general you can pump more power through a pack and head system, they're also more versatile (lots of different setup options, you can mix and match). Monolights are lighter weight in total and more compact and so suitable for mobile shooting, they're cheaper and easier for beginners to use.

This is a generalisation however, each system has it's own pros and cons:

Pack and head

  • + The heads are easier to position as they are lighter than monolights
  • + Can use the heads with different power sources i.e. mains and battery
  • + Single power pack for multiple heads (modularity)
  • - Single point of failure (the power pack)
  • - Wires everywhere!
  • + You can control the power output centrally (instead of climbing up a ladder)
  • - You tend to have less control in general (the older ones can't adjust the power to each head individually)
  • + You only need one radio trigger / sync lead per pack


  • + Simpler, lighter, more compact
  • + Usually cheaper
  • + Each light can be plugged into a wall socket locally
  • - Limited to a single power source (mains)
  • - Power output tends to be lower
  • - Have to adjust power output on the head itself, which may be remote (unless you have a newer head with remote power control)
  • - Likewise each head must be triggered individually (though optical slaves make this easier)

As you can see they are each useful in certain situations. A lot of people own / use both, for example the main lights might be powered of a single pack with a few monolight satellites which are further away.

  • \$\begingroup\$ The more advanced pack systems can also be programmed to, for example, shoot off in a certain order with various delays. \$\endgroup\$ Jan 22, 2011 at 12:37
  • \$\begingroup\$ Because they are each responsible for their own recycling, you can also shoot faster (in general) with monolights than with an equivalently-powered pack-and-head setup. And since there's no "line loss" (cable resistance), you can get the same light output for less actual electrical power with monolights (again, that's a speed thing -- don't expect makers to charge less for the same light output). That's a lot more important in the fashion world than elsewhere -- one tends to want to keep the energy up and capture movement, and a three-second recycle is a bit of a wet blanket. \$\endgroup\$
    – user2719
    Apr 3, 2011 at 18:23

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