No. Adding filters will only make this worse.
The reflection in your picture is not actually in the scene, so there is nothing a filter can get rid of. The ghost image is caused by reflection between lens elements. Therefore, adding another possible surface light can bounce off of will make things worse.
You might wonder why light is bouncing between the lens elements in only this picture. Actually, it's always doing this. You don't normally see it because these reflections are highly attenuated by lens coatings. For a normal scene, the reflections are so dim compared to the direct light from the scene that you don't notice them.
In this case, the light coming from the window was so much brighter than the very dim light from the stairs, that the reflection was significant relative to the stairs. If you were to expose for the window light, then the rest of the picture would appear black, and the reflected light would be so dim as to probably not be noticeable.