The photos by Chinese pro photographer Ka Xiaoxi in this article seem to all have a very bright harsh flash going off. (More work by the same artist for Nike; also see his web site.)

Typically for my personal photos I tend to avoid using flash and just use natural lighting since I only have the built in flash on the camera and it comes out looking horrible.

Why are these photos so captivating to me, though? They seem appropriate for the tone of this style of article (the "let's take a look into a world that most of us will not know" style). I feel like I see this kind of harsh flash with stories like this frequently.

Is this a named style, and are they maybe using more than just a raw flash to achieve the composition of this look?


3 Answers 3


In a 2012 interview with the artist, Ka Xiaoxi, at the beginning of his commercial career, he explains:

I was inspired by Terry Richardson at the beginning. I loved his photos so much at the time. Now, I like others such as Helmut Newton, Jurgen Teller, Ryan McGinley, Hasisi Park, Tim Barber, etc. My style's very casual now, with some certain "Ka" style that's developing. I love to use flash and shoot people. that's all.

Terry Richardson is an American fashion and portrait photographer — and alleged sex offender (see e.g. this New York Magazine article and other articles going back to at least 2010). But, focusing purely on the work (and, hey, even with all that creepiness aside, here's Barack Obama and Oprah), you can see some stylistic similarity, particularly in the use of direct flash and an overall high-key exposure (yet without the raised black points which are trendy these days).

Ka Xiaoxi's photographs, though, have a lot more context — in both the article about rich Chinese youth and the Nike-sponsored series about China's street basketball culture, the background and environment is important (rather than some makeshift celeb-studio white background as in many Richardson photographs). They feel very loosely composed, without much deliberation (although in actuality I think the setup is likely to be a little more mindful than it appears, even if also done quickly).

Anyway, as to a name: I think overall Ka Xiaoxi's work falls under the "snapshot aesthetic", characterized by use of apparently-naive techniques and often made with consumer-focused gear (like instant cameras) — or made to follow that look even if actually created differently. There's an interesting read on this at the University of Rochester's "InVisible Culture" journal — Snapshot Aesthetics and the Strategic Imagination, which I think is particularly relevant given Ka Xiaoxi's work as a commercial photographer, (and the part of the question above which asks why this particular style is "captivating"). To quote in part from that article:

Snapshot-like imagery emerged as a powerful vehicle for showing consumers “in action” with products or using services. A key aspect of the snapshot style is an appearance of authenticity; snapshot-like images often appear beyond the artificially constructed world of typical corporate communication. This visual quality can be harnessed to promote organizations as authentic, to invoke the average consumer as a credible product endorser, or to demonstrate how the brand might fit in with the regular consumer’s or employee’s lifestyle. I place snapshot aesthetics within a genealogy of “everyday” depictions in visual culture, in particular twentieth-century street photographers such as Robert Frank, Lee Friedlander, and Garry Winogrand. I discuss a small set of contemporary uses of snapshot aesthetics in marketing communication, including the work of photographer Terry Richardson.

As for the actual technique used: I don't think it's particularly fancy — bare flash on or near the camera (possibly even ring flash), and exposure adjusted to the higher register (if you look at the histogram for most of these photos, a preponderance of tones are in the upper 20%, but there's a lower, even distribution throughout). There may be some post-processing, but you could do this by tuning the JPEG settings of most modern mid-range mirrorless or DSLR cameras. In fact, in keeping with the notes about snapshot aesthetic above, the relatively high color saturation and sharpening are similar to the default output of many lower-end models.

  • \$\begingroup\$ Thank you for the edit and for the explanation. This is exactly what I was hoping for! I know it's not a fancy technique, but it does add a feel of authenticity (like that quote mentioned) and a feeling of peeling back the layers and looking into a "real" culture or person. \$\endgroup\$
    – BOMEz
    Commented Oct 5, 2015 at 16:05

The contrast is way too high. It seems he is good at avoiding the dark shadow by using angles and positioning, perhaps fixes the distqnce falloff in post, but leaves the contrast way up. Then again, the washed-out mid-tones but dark black cases in one photo doesn't seem like a simple flash.

Why captivating? Maybe it's evocative of "deer in the headlights", or a flash of light to expose the hidden nature.

Maybe he cracked up the "clarity" slider in Lightroom.

  • \$\begingroup\$ Dudes, why the downvote? He is right. \$\endgroup\$
    – TFuto
    Commented Oct 3, 2015 at 17:28
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Doesn't answer the question. Full of subjective judgment (what does "contrast way too high" mean?) followed by guesses as to technique. \$\endgroup\$
    – mattdm
    Commented Oct 3, 2015 at 19:14

He using :

  • a ton of local adaptive contrast enhancement
  • an extreme amount of curving
  • extra amount of sharpening.

Some news people on certain drugs started this effect (their eyes get sensitive to light from the drugs, so work on lower-light monitors, and actually they see this as a normal image when postprocessing). It is "captivating" because of the extreme contrast and fake sharpness (more accurately: fake but perceived acuteness) that no well-intending people uses on their photos.

It is a shocking WTF? type effect, not an aesthetic effect.


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