3

Has anyone found an application for correcting extremely minor exposure changes over the course of a time-lapse? These are like +/- up to 0.05 EV or so changes, and they're pretty random in sequence, not a smooth progression from beginning to end. Shown at 30 fps this turns into a VERY annoying flickering. You can see what I mean in this sample: https://cabbey.smugmug.com/Photography/Fun-With-Science/i-WDxBndx/A

To clarify: I'm looking for a way to automate fixing the resulting images in post.

  • The camera exposure seems constant, you would not have such small variations, so is it the light flickering? – Itai Sep 13 '15 at 22:33
  • I think what you're looking for is bulb-ramping: photo.stackexchange.com/questions/19007/what-is-bulb-ramping – MikeW Sep 13 '15 at 23:15
  • 2
    Adjustments as fine as +/- 0.05EV are beyond the ability of just about any bramper/camera combo. – Michael C Sep 14 '15 at 0:11
  • What shutter speed are you using? What kind of interval between shots? What is your primary light source? Any other light sources? Is there any ambient light coming through a window that is added to the artificial lighting? – Michael C Sep 14 '15 at 0:38
4

In your case you are adding artificial lighting into the mix and that seems to be where the vast majority of the flickering is coming from.

Some light sources powered by alternating current can vary by more than a stop between the peak and the trough of their AC cycle. And since metering is done at a different instant than exposure, a conventional meter can't accurately predict the state of the lights in their cycle when the shutter is opened.

The conventional solution is to set exposure manually and use a shutter speed that is long enough to include an entire cycle of the peak and trough that the lights go through. For lights running on two phase 60Hz alternating current, a shutter speed of 1/120 second is usually sufficient. For lights running on 50Hz, 1/100 second will usually do.

If you have access to the fairly new Canon EOS 7D Mark II, there is a feature introduced on that model that may help if you absolutely must use faster shutter speeds. The Anti Flicker mode senses the frequency and timing of the lights as they flicker and times the shutter to only release when the lights are at their peak.

I haven't tried the Anti-Flicker feature in terms of time lapse video, but I have found it extremely useful in shooting night sports in outdoor settings under the flickering lighting typically used at high school and community sports facilities. Not only does it give more consistent exposure and color temperature from frame to frame, but it also allows me to shoot at 1/3 to 1/2 stop faster shutter speeds because the lights are always at their peak when the shutter opens! Anyone who has ever tried to shoot at 1/500 to 1/1000 second under 60Hz lights know what I am talking about: half the frame is brighter and fuller spectrum and the other half is dim and brown as the lights were falling off (or ramping up) during the time the slit between the shutter curtains was transiting the sensor.

Another preventative measure would be to use a white or black background that could be blown out or crushed to give a constant level to much of the frame.

Update: For existing files that demonstrate this issue, you would need an application that allows very precise fine-tuning of exposure/brightness/saturation/etc levels. 0.05EV is 1/20 stop. Perhaps software created to grade video frame-by-frame would be the best option.

  • This is an excellent answer to how to prevent the issue at shoot time. The sad thing is that I learned this 20 years ago in college with AC powered constant (aka "hot") lights, but had completely forgotten about it! Interestingly the light here was DC driven LED... so I guess they aren't immune to this issues. – cabbey Sep 14 '15 at 2:31
  • I've added a clarification to the question that I'm looking to solve this in POST... but please leave this answer as is, since it wonderfully answers the root issues. – cabbey Sep 14 '15 at 2:32
1

I have experienced the same problem with flickering timelapse videos and I have found that for some scenarios the temporal filter offered by Virtualdub can greatly help. This filter looks for unnatural changes between frames as the video plays and tries to eliminate them. It has a strength setting that you can use to try a lighter approach first.

Virtualdub is also pretty good at generating a timelapse video from a stack of photos, if that is your workflow.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.