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I have a Nikon D5200 and last night I went to take few night sky pictures hoping to capture a passing meteor. There were plenty of meteors I seen last night, but I was able to capture only one. Question is, I keep on seeing those amazing pictures of the sky and of passing meteors, how can I take them?

I took the following pictures on Manual mode. The ISO was set to 600 I think, Aperture was 4.0 or 4.5 and the Shutter Speed was set to Bulb and I gave it roughly 20-40 seconds. The camera was mounted on tripod and I did not extend the legs. It was not windy, but I was on the shore. The pictures were taken (start and end) with a remote control so the camera was not touched. However, the pictures seen to be unfocused and smudgy. What can I do to improve the picture's quality?

The third picture here shows the one faint meteor passing (there is a second one on its left, but its even fainter).

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marked as duplicate by Michael C, Hugo, MikeW, mattdm, Philip Kendall Aug 14 '15 at 12:10

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  • What lens and focal length were you using? – inkista Aug 13 '15 at 18:17
  • The longer one near the middle looks more like a high flying plane with its blinking red light. – Michael C Aug 15 '15 at 21:03
  • No, it was near an airport, and I did take several airplane long exposure pictures - you can see the light streaks, and solid "dots" as the side lights blinked... This was would have been brighter if it was an airplane – KingsInnerSoul Aug 15 '15 at 21:13
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Think about it: The stars are the same brightness the entire 40-60 seconds of each exposure and stay over the same pixels on your sensor. The meteors last a few seconds and move over very many pixels during that time. Even if the meteor is several times brighter than the brightest stars, each pixel that is collecting light from a star is getting more light from that star in 40-60 seconds than each pixel that collects light from the meteor for a fraction of a second!

To capture meteors you need to:

  • Increase sensitivity (ISO) until the light gained is offset by the increase in noise. For most current full frame cameras this might be somewhere around ISO 3200.
  • Increase aperture as much as possible without losing significant sharpness. For some lenses this will be wide open, for others it might mean stopping down anywhere from 1/3 stop to a full stop or more.
  • Decrease the amount of time the shutter is open.

These settings will allow the meteors to be brighter in relation to the stars.

It is then a numbers game: Set up your camera to take continuous shots. Out of several hundred frames you might catch a few good meteors and a few more that are visible!

As far as focus goes the best way I have found is to use manual focus. Use Live View at 10X magnification to focus on a bright star, then refine the focus using a medium bright star. Leave the focus on the lens set and turn off Live View and you are ready to shoot.

(For best viewing use a dark background or view full screen. The white background used by stack exchange prevents your eyes from seeing the details!)

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