I am new to photography but I have done a lot of microscopy (confocal, light, etc...). I am familiar with optics and image processing.
I want to set-up a telescope at home and maybe in the future a simple microscope. For this purpose I want to have a camera with tethering function (I suppose this is the terminology) to control it with a computer. Therefore, RAW will be important to edit images like long time-lapse. I also want to able to mount this camera on my telescope or my microscope. However, I am not familiar with the terminology or standards available on the market.
Additionally, I would also like to use my camera to photograph a mountain or a insect (macro), friends etc... I suppose this depends on the lens.
One luxury would also be to catch IR or UV but I don't think with my budget this will be possible.
What would be the standards, features I should look for in such a device/gear? Do you have any suggestions I should be aware of, before starting to spend money?