I'm using a Nikon D800 with a prime Sigma 50mm f1.4 lens to photograph a selection of artwork for producing an art book. I will shoot in raw format. My questions are:

  1. What light source will look best? Outside in the sunlight, outside, in the shade, or on a cloudy day? I'm including a colorChecker grayscale target in each picture to help with color balance and tone.
  2. What f-stop should I select? I imagine one that just allows the whole painting or pastel to be in focus, selecting a focus point off center to average the extremes of the center versus the corners for their distance to the lens.
  3. Finally, the pastels have a glass layer over the pastel. How to best avoid reflection artifacts in the glass?

1 Answer 1


Personally I would not choose a 50mm lens for this but a higher focal distance. 100-200, but it depends on the art size. The more focal length you have, the less distortion you get. But as it is a prime lens, it is a good option. If you get noticeable distortion you can correct it on postproduction.


The lenses have an optimum performance in the mid range, normally on F8-11. If the F-Stop is too wide you can have some zones out of focus, and if you force it narrow too much you could have diffraction.

Try to see if there is a review on your specific lens here:


I am not sure, but you will probably want to reduce the reflection on oil paintings, but on the other hand you probably want to show them if the paint has a lot of texture. If you want to reduce it use a polarizer filter. The same case with the glass.


Outdoors would be my last choice... I would not consider it at all for a painting.

I would consider natural light (next to a window) only if the context is important, where the painting is, the painter's studio. Only in those cases.

So the option is artificial light.

I would use 2 flashes with a large softbox on 45° of the painting on each side as far as you can go, to have the most uniform light you can get.

If the painting has a lot of texture, I would move a main light closer to the plane of the painting to enhance the texture. But far enough to have little difference of light on the side next to the light compared to the far side.

To avoid almost any reflection your studio should be dark with the lights only pointing at the paint. So you would not use white transparent umbrellas, but a softbox with a grid on it.

But if you can, remove the paintings from the glass frame. Pastel painting also has texture.

  • \$\begingroup\$ There's no evidence to back up the assertion that flashes damage paintings. It's an urban myth. :) \$\endgroup\$ Mar 17, 2015 at 13:50
  • \$\begingroup\$ I removed the bold letters from the aseveration, becouse a photoshoot on this case is a special ocasion, and the photo session by itself won't harm an artwork. But I'm posting a just a link to "back up" the statement: skeptics.stackexchange.com/questions/6264/… \$\endgroup\$
    – Rafael
    Mar 17, 2015 at 16:00

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