What things should I consider for buying a photo editing computer? Specifically, here's a few of my needs:

  1. I will install Adobe Lightroom, and Adobe Creative Suite. I'd like to make sure all of those programs run alright. All of them are the newest versions (CS5 and Version 3 for lightroom).
  2. I want to make sure it has Windows 7.

Thanks for the tips!

  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ The Adobe Creative Suite -- depending on exactly which package you buy -- can include programs for vector image creation, Flash creation, heavy-duty page layout and video/audio editing. If all that other stuff is important to you, cool. But if you are just starting out you might save a little money (like $1,400) by just getting Lightroom and then seeing how at all you are limited by that. If what you most want to do with images is color correct, control contrast, crop and sharpen you might not even need Photoshop. \$\endgroup\$ Commented Dec 17, 2010 at 20:05
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    \$\begingroup\$ I already bought it, with student editions (I'm not sure how much I'm going to get into it, but I'm graduating tomorrow, so I thought I'd buy it before it's too late...) \$\endgroup\$ Commented Dec 17, 2010 at 20:06
  • \$\begingroup\$ Very cool, in that case have fun exploring -- Adobe has some interesting technology. \$\endgroup\$ Commented Dec 17, 2010 at 20:39
  • \$\begingroup\$ Also see Is GPU or CPU more important for Photoshop and Lightroom? \$\endgroup\$
    – mattdm
    Commented Sep 16, 2015 at 11:10
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    \$\begingroup\$ @MichaelClark: Upon thinking about it a bit further, I think the best way if you feel that it is out of date is to just answer it, with a more generic answer given than I'm asking for. Personally, I think the accepted answer is still applicable, although a bit more modern equipment recommendation could be given. \$\endgroup\$ Commented Sep 16, 2015 at 16:20

6 Answers 6


The most important thing for photo editing is to get a good monitor, one that has a wide-gamut and can be color-calibrated. Those vary in price but can be gotten for as low as $450 USD for a new NEC Multisync P221W. Can spend more and get a similar model up to 30" in size but that depends on your budget.

NEC sells them with or without calibrator. What I did is buy the 30" model with and two P221W without (Refurbished for $237 each!), since the solution is the same and the difference is relatively smaller on bigger displays.

Now I am not sure if you intend to buy a pre-built computer or build one yourself. Regardless, make sure you get one with a lot of memory, 4GB or more and make sure it is a 64-bit computer with a 64-bit version of Windows 7. Nowadays, almost all computers other than small laptops are 64-bits but they do not always install the 64-bit OS which gives application limited access to memory.

You need to get a computer with a graphics card. Which one? Pretty much any will do but you have to have one. Cheap computers come with embedded graphics which is not as good.

Those are the basics but read more considerations here. The exact parts have probably changed since the article is 1 year old but all the recommendations are still good.

  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ Funny that I'm up-voting an answer with a different "the most important thing", but I am. Monitor -- good call. Since that's outside the "computer", per se, I wasn't thinking of it, but yes, it's very important to proper photo work. \$\endgroup\$
    – lindes
    Commented Dec 17, 2010 at 17:18
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    \$\begingroup\$ @lindes - :) If you don't have a good monitor, there's almost no point editing your photos in any way that requires Photoshop, so there is not need to worry about the rest. \$\endgroup\$
    – Itai
    Commented Dec 17, 2010 at 17:32
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    \$\begingroup\$ Thanks alot. I really like the recommendations from the article you mentioned. I'm considering getting one of the HP higher-end machines (I'm not afraid of building one on my own, but frankly it's more expensive for the same computer...). The monitor is a bit trickier, but I'll keep my eye out for a good NEC monitor. Thank you so much for your help! \$\endgroup\$ Commented Dec 17, 2010 at 20:05
  • \$\begingroup\$ very true, very true. I was just thinking "inside the box"; shame on me. :) \$\endgroup\$
    – lindes
    Commented Dec 17, 2010 at 22:20
  • \$\begingroup\$ If you have a small budget, a screen definitely is not your most important consideration. Getting a computer that functions well is your top priority, i.e RAM, processor, graphics. A cheap monitor will serve you fine until your budget allows. \$\endgroup\$
    – Hemi
    Commented Dec 20, 2010 at 3:47

A computer with a good processor and a high amount of memory (4GB or more) should run Adobe software very well. You should also consider a graphics card. It doesn't need to be a high end card but it should have plenty of VRAM.


Processor speed is important because graphics editing software (anything that deals with graphics really) does a lot of math under the hood.

RAM is there to hold all the data you're working with. Plenty of RAM gives you more space to work in.

Now, a graphics card may minimize some of the problems above, by providing what is called hardware acceleration:

  • Mathematical operations may be performed on the graphics card instead of your processor.
  • Data, specifically and most likely the images you load with the software, may be allocated on the graphics card's memory instead of your computer's memory.

It lessens the load on your processor and makes more of your RAM usable by other software. Do note, however, that it's entirely up to the software to use hardware acceleration.


I the single most universal and important thing will be to make sure the machine has an abundance of RAM. Memory needs for photo (and, if you follow the market into this space, video) are significant, and the one thing you want to make sure you're not doing a lot of is paging, as doing a lot of that will wreak serious havoc on performance.

Now, what is "an abundance"? Well, that's a moving target. These days, I think it's safe to say you'd want an absolute minimum of 4GB, but I'd recommend 8, or even more. And thanks to Moore's law, and the side effects of that law on software, those numbers will keep getting bigger and bigger as time goes on.

There are sure other things you'll want to consider, and I hope other answers will go into them. I think this is the single most likely to make a huge difference, though.

Happy editing!

  • \$\begingroup\$ Just my two cents: it's possible to have "too much" RAM, in the sense that your PC will be outdated and replaced before you start using all that RAM. I have a S/W development machine with 6GB RAM, and I edit photos and 1080p60 video on it and have never once maxed out the RAM. If it comes down to going over the ~6GB mark and getting a SSD drive or faster processor, I would go with one of the latter two. \$\endgroup\$
    – HiredMind
    Commented Dec 17, 2010 at 19:11
  • \$\begingroup\$ @HiredMind: I'm not sure I agree that there's "too much" in absolute terms, but you're right on the money (pun intended) that there might be "too much" if you're buying more RAM than is actually useful instead of something else,t hat would be. Thanks for sharing that thought! \$\endgroup\$
    – lindes
    Commented Dec 17, 2010 at 22:19
  • \$\begingroup\$ Yeah, not in absolute terms... That mark just happens to be around 6GB right now - it moves up every year :-) \$\endgroup\$
    – HiredMind
    Commented Dec 20, 2010 at 16:30

RAM and SCREEN. Those are really the primary needs.

The large screen iMacs are a joy to use for this. Granted, they don't come with Windows 7 installed, so you'd have to fork out for that separately which adds to the cost.

Otherwise, I don't think you need to over-think this. Get a relatively new PC with maxed out RAM and Video Card and put the rest of the money into one or two really nice LCD screens.

re: software...Photoshop is great, of course, but you pay a lot for a lot of features you may never use. Whether you go with Windows 7 or OSX or even Ubuntu, you might want to spend a bit of time looking at the alternatives out there. Might save you several hundred $$ that you could roll over into the monitor/hardware costs.


Not most important, but definitely worthy of consideration is the harddrive where you want both lots of space and fast access.

If you have lots of RAM, an ideal disk performance/cost balance is to have a current generation SSD Boot drive (aim for 80GB+), and a larger spinning disk storage drive.

also more information on scratch disks (and other things) from John Nack:

Disk: Use a separate disk for Photoshop scratch. If you spend a lot of time opening / saving large data files, another separate disk for data files will speed that up. Faster disks are better. RAID0 is faster. SSD is faster yet. RAID0 of SSDs is fastest but super expensive. If you have plenty of RAM (meaning your Efficiency readout is 95% or more), separate/faster disks for scratch provide minimal benefit. If Efficiency readout is low, a separate SSD for Photoshop scratch will be a big win. SSD boot volume will speed booting and app launch, but not Photoshop operations.


I find a good way to go about this is always check the current version of PS or LR on the adobe site and see what the OS / Hardware recommendations are set to. once you have this information saved, take it to a computer store that manually builds computers or check one of the department stores for something with double the recommendations if you can afford it, this way you should be good for a while as more iterations of the software comes out for a few years.

IE: if the recommendations say 8GB ram, double it to 16GB ram. if the processor requires an i5 intel, get the next version up or higher. if its graphics card x, get the newer version of y.

most computer stores will be able to sort out with what you are looking to do and should assist with you getting the correct setup.

when ever you are looking to buy a computer, never just consider just one piece of software but everything you plan to do with it. if its music, home videos, photography, games, coding, virtual machines, etc, that you can meet all requirements without breaking the bank.

edit: LR6/CC

Says any intel or amd 64 bit processor, that would be the lowest i5 you can get, where as you get an i7 4 core or 6 core processor, you will be a head of the game and have more processing power. the ram says 8GB so i say 16GB ram. and a graphics card with 1GB of ram so get one with 2GB of ram. all the other parts will fall into place like how much space you need most people are running TB drives with SSDs.

  • \$\begingroup\$ So if Adobe recommends an i5 get an i10? What is a manually built computer? If I'm doing home videos I should consider that? \$\endgroup\$
    – dpollitt
    Commented Sep 21, 2015 at 23:31
  • \$\begingroup\$ there is different levels of i5 and i7. think of each version moving up as a level. \$\endgroup\$
    – thebtm
    Commented Sep 22, 2015 at 14:46

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