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So, I want to make decision about buying a telephoto lens, the Canon EF-S 55-250mm f/4-5.6 IS STM and Canon EF 75-300mm f/4-5.6 III USM. Which annoys me is the IS function, my friends asked me "what are you photographing?" then I said, I would like to use the tele for outdoors and sport (with high-shutter speed of course), but within the shutter 1/200, my hands still shaky or something.

How much benefit will using IS give over not using it at all, in general?

  • Welcome to Stack Exchange. Does What are the summary rules for when to use image stabilization and when not to? answer your question? – mattdm Dec 28 '14 at 17:15
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    @mattdm I don't really think that helps me. I mean at 1/200-kinda speed, what's the difference between using IS and not using it, not like how to use the IS or even what type are best for using IS. – Reinaldy Rafli Dec 28 '14 at 17:19
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    IS is the least of your worries when comparing these two lenses. Optical quality is also a key issue. And the EF 75-300mm f/4-5.6 III USM doesn't have very good optical quality. The EF-S 55-250mm f/4-5.6 IS STM is a step up from the 75-300 in terms of optics and about on par with the more expensive EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6 IS USM. Of course the EF-S lens will only work on a crop sensor camera, such as a Rebel, or x0D (i.e. 60D, 50D, etc). – Michael C Dec 28 '14 at 17:41
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    You can also use the EF 75-300 on any Canon camera, including the 1D X... but why would you? Of course I wonder why anyone would use the 75-300 on any camera when there are much better lenses available near the same price point. – Michael C Dec 28 '14 at 18:14
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    Anyone that can't afford the price difference between the 75-300 and 55-250 probably can't afford the higher end bodies or even the higher end Rebels. – Michael C Dec 28 '14 at 18:22
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Image Stabilization (IS). The EF 55-250mm f/4-5.6 IS has it, the EF 75-300mm f/4-5.6 doesn't.

IS lets you shoot at a slower shutter speed before camera shake becomes an issue. If you are shooting at shutter speeds fast enough that camera movement is not an issue for you, then IS has very little to no effect on your image. Also, IS will not help you if your subject is blurry because the subject is moving too fast.

The IS on the 55-250 is good for about 3 stops of shutter speed (Tv). This means at 250mm instead of needing to use a Tv of 1/400 sec or faster, you can use 1/50 sec and expect to avoid blurring due to camera shake if you are practicing good camera stability techniques when shooting.

For a more complete comparison of these two lenses, please see this answer to Canon 75-300mm f4-5.6 USM or 55-250mm f4-5.6 IS lens?. When comparing these two lenses, optical image quality is probably just as important a consideration as Image Stabilization is.

  • It could mean the difference between a shot with less signal-to-noise (diffuse, loss of resolution) from poorer optics VS a ruined shot with shake. There is a difference between enabling and improving. – JDługosz Dec 28 '14 at 19:34
  • But in this case the same lens has both the better optics and the IS. – Michael C Dec 29 '14 at 0:37
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This addresses speed / focal length aspects only and does not address issues wrt specific lenses.
Overlaps with what others have said.
As others have noted - antishake / stabilisation only helps to compensate for camera motion - not subject motion.

Traditional rule of thumb is minimum shutter speed is

    1/s = mm

ie 1/50s at 50mm, 1/250s at 250mm etc
This is modified in the real world by various factors - here shown as K_xxx
CF = crop factor makes things worse as lense is effecively "longer" by a factor of CF.
Other factors MAY make things better (ie longer allowed shutter speeds).

  • Min speed in 1/s ~~~~= mm x CF / K_is / K_you / K_luck.

In "the real world" an experienced photographer with an unstabilised system and no external bracing can usually better the rule of thumb by a factor of 2, getting marginal at a factor of 4, lower happens - see Kyou below.
Any sort of bracing against an external solid support helps.
(Monopods are said to help but don't seem to help me overly much unless used as part of a body triangle.)

CF = crop factor (about 1.5 for most APSC systems)
Converts focal length to "35mm equivalent".
If focal length is expressed in 35mm equivalent (as on some point & shoot cameras) then this factor has already been allowed for.

K_is is anti-shake / image-stabilisation system gain.
4+ usually (2 stops)
8 if lucky (3 stops)
16 if you believe the marketing department's blurb.

K_you is based on your experience, skill and Ninja breathing abilities.
1 is safe,
0.25 can happen, 2 is not unusual,
4 is grand master if consistent.
Larger has been known to happen.
Helps to wedge camera against a post, brace 2 legs and body against something solid etc.
Holding breath around moment of shutter release helps - many recommend exhaling. I find inhale and hold better for long delays (when will it fly ...?) as Oxygen in lungs can prove useful.
I'm told that slowing your heartbeat rate helps, but it's not something I've mastered :-).

K_luck is a happenstance factor and can be amazingly large - and may not be.
I sometimes find that photos taken in the 0.1s - 1s shutter speed range, while not actually "sharp" are acceptably usable, when this is not really expected. Other times they are a blurred mess. It's hard to be sure what factors apply here but lack of subject movement and the ability to keep what movements do happen inside a small range no doubt help. An IS mechanism can help over long periods exceeding the normal claims if the total motion range is inside its mechanical motion limits.
Moving objects make this worse quite apart from the direct effect of their motion.
Panning can help and may not.

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There is one rule about the speed and focal length. To avoid camera shake i.e. blurry photos you should use shutter speed = 1/focal length. Let suppose you use 300 mm so your speed should be at least 1/(300*1.6) = 1/480s. For crop cameras you should take in consideration crop factor too (which is 1.6 for Canon crop cameras)

With image stabilization you get possibility to shoot with slower speed. For example if your lens have 3 stops stabilization you can shoot (from example above) with 1/(300*1.6)=1/480. 1/480/2/2/2=1/60s (the speeds are just example)

P.S. Of course the above rule depend of how stable you can handle your camera. I personaly have some photos, created at 1/8s (w/o IS) which are in focus, w/o any blur. From other side have other photos at 1/100s (with IS) which have motion blur :)

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    With crop sensor cameras, such as any that could use an EF-S lens, the narrower field of view must also be taken into account. The 1/focal length rule-of-thumb becomes the 1/(focal length x crop factor) rule of thumb. Shooting with a 1.6x crop factor camera and a 300mm focal length, one would need to select a shutter speed of 1/480 second or faster to meet the rule-of thumb. Three stops worth of IS would get you down to around 1/60 second. – Michael C Dec 28 '14 at 17:53
  • So If I take a full-frame image that was made with some lens X and exposure Y, then cropping out the center 60% of that image will make it more sharp? – JDługosz Dec 28 '14 at 19:36
  • No, @jdlugosz, this have nothing to do with IS. We discuss image stabilization and motion blur, created by camera shake. Sharpness of one image depend on many other factors too – Romeo Ninov Dec 28 '14 at 19:47
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    Because with a narrower Field of View a 1° shift in the optical axis will shift the image a greater percentage of the distance from one side of the sensor to the other. – Michael C Dec 29 '14 at 0:30
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    @jdlugosz No. If you take a full frame image and crop out the outside 60%, what you have left is the inside 40%. If you then increase the size of that image to the same size as the uncropped image (i.e view both images at the same size on your monitor) you magnify any motion blur in the image. If there was any camera movement when the photo was taken, it will be less sharp because you are looking at a smaller piece of the image that has been magnified by a greater factor. – Michael C Dec 29 '14 at 0:35
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Generally, image stabilization is specified as giving a number of "stops" — see What does "N stops" mean when describing an image stabilizer?. For your lens, Canon claims a 4-stop improvement. This means the system can cope with a shutter speed about 2⁴× (that is, 16×) slower.

So, if we follow the one over shutter-speed rule, adjusted for sensor size that means at 200mm, the nominal shutter speed to cancel out camera shake would be ¹⁄₃₀₀th of a second — but with 4 stops of IS, you could get sharp images all the way down to about ¹⁄₂₀th of a second.

Of course, that doesn't help with subject movement. And the shutter-speed rule of thumb might not be sufficient for today's pixel-peeping pickiness. But still, you should be able to get noticeably better results at ¹⁄₁₀₀th or so, and yes, probably also at ¹⁄₂₀₀th (although the relative effectiveness does go down as shutter speed goes up).

  • Don't forget including the crop factor in the 1/focal length rule-of-thumb, since it is really about the angle of view and how much of the frame is affected by, say, a 1°/second movement of the optical axis. – Michael C Dec 28 '14 at 18:01
  • @MichaelClark Sure — for more on that, see Does the shutter speed and focal length rule of thumb apply to cropped sensor cameras?. Overall, because it's really a rule of thumb rather than a fast law, I think it doesn't matter too much — it's just a way to get into the ballpark without thinking too hard. – mattdm Dec 28 '14 at 18:04

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