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Why does feathering the light gives softer light? You will always hear that bigger light source will give softer light, that makes sense because it has better wrap-ability. But I also hear that feathering light will give softer light also. Why is that? What is the theory behind this?

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    I appreciate the graphic, but I have no idea what you're trying to show there! – mattdm Jul 9 '14 at 3:02
  • @mattdm - It looks like the light source moved a bit further away/to the side of the subject and is no longer directly hitting the subject. – dpollitt Jul 9 '14 at 3:05
  • In any case, I've never heard of the idea that feathering increases softness. See What is “feathering” a light? – mattdm Jul 9 '14 at 3:07
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Feathering light means you use that area of tonal transition from the highlights to the shadows created by the edge of the light modifier.

The technique is most easy to achieve with softboxes and beauty dishes because there’s a sharply defined edge to the modifier itself. That’s also why feathering light with most lighting brollies is less effective because they give a wide, less directional spread of light and the area of tonal transition is more gradual.

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Not sure the graphic is helping here, but the essential idea behind feathering is that you use the edge of the light source rather than the center of it to illuminate your subject with the essential premise that the light at the edges of the source are softer and more diffuse.

The effectiveness of that is dependant on the actual light source being used. The large studio lights, with larger reflectors, are more effective at this as the light scatter is bigger. Smaller strobes, such as a hot shoe flash, are less effective because the beam is more concentrated and not as scattered from a reflector. Both can be improved in effectiveness using light modifiers such as a softbox or an umbrella.

Now, the "softness" aspect probably has more to do with the shadow. Feathered lighting will often leave less of a shadow than more direct light, thus "softening" the transitions from lighter to darker regions. The basic idea is that your light on the subject is now quite diffuse, because the more concentrated center is away from the subject, and so doesn't provide sufficient direct illumination to create a harsh shadow line like a point light would.

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"Feathering" is sort of a short-hand term in this usage.

What you are doing with the light is often similar to feathering. That is, you are moving the light in relation to the subject so that the subject is lit by the indistinct edge of the lighting pattern. That's something that's "more real" when using hard lights, and it's mostly about controlling the apparent fall-off of the light at the subject position.

In this case, you aren't so much feathering the light as making better use of it. Unless your light is nearly on-axis with the camera, when you aim a softbox (or umbrella or large soft reflector) so that the centre is pointed at your subject, nearly half of the light is either lighting the back side of the subject or passing behind the subject. Moving the light so that the rear edge of the light is aimed at the subject is pretty much the same thing as using a softbox that's twice as wide with the subject in the centre — without all of the wasted light (lighting the back of the subject and dead air behind the subject). Yes, you are "wasting" some light in front of the subject, but the subject sees a much larger light source (and you were going to waste that light somewhere anyway).

You can keep moving the light so that you are actually feathering it, which will throw less light on the closer part of the subject and more on the farther part, but that's an "effects" look you don't often want.

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