I was wondering, in the case of a classic head + shoulder portrait, which color of clothes should the model wear to improve the photo?
What if is a white skin model? an Asian skin model? Dark skin model?
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White clothes are a great go-to color for a bright colored background. This will put skintones into a color saturation middle-ground. With dark/black clothes our brains sort-of disqualify it from our impression of saturation. So that would leave the person's face and hair looking dull and neutral in contrast, which in turn puts too much emphasis on the background, making it distracting.
White also has a "fresh" or "new" feel, excellent themes for graduation.
It looks like you have a very light blue background. Keep in mind that lighting from behind (such as a hairlight or rimming) may blend edges into the background, losing definition. Unless you can keep enough light off the background to get it around mid-toned, then adding a bright rim would be a positive thing.
For a graduation portrait, you want something that will provide good contrast but not clash too aggressively with the background. To maintain contrast, avoid blues that are close to the backdrop (if not altogether). For a medium blue, probably avoid medium greys as well since they have similar luminosity to the background.
To avoid clashing, avoid the opposite side of the color wheel. So orange would probably be a bit too jump off the page, but also isn't really much of a graduation portrait color to begin with.
As this is a graduation photo, assuming that the school colors are not blue or orange, it might be worth suggesting that color. Often graduation photos are taken wearing a cap and gown as well (either black or whatever color the school uses).
White dies not go wrong most of the time, however an improper exposure or sudden movement may get your photographs off balance and loose details.
If it's graduation, something which relates to the school / college would be a good choice (motto, logo, official color)
If the model in question isn't shying from flashy colors, a Sunset yellow is a brilliant contrast.