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I'm currently reading Bryan Peterson's Understanding Exposure and wanted to test his suggestion that f/11 or larger for landscapes can produce sharper photos.

Perhaps not the best test but I took a few lenses I have and wanted to compare extremes, and noticed dark corners when I opened at the widest aperture. I was curious why that is?

Even using the same focus point, the smaller aperture photo is both sharper and without those dark edges.

F/1.2

F/11

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    Can you add exposure and lens information about both images to your question. This will help to identify where these images are different. – damned truths Mar 21 '14 at 6:19
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    It's called "vignetting", and almost all lenses (apart from tilt/shift lenses in their centred position) exhibit it to some degree when used at maximum aperture.It's just the nature of the beast; a lens would have to be designed to throw a much larger image circle than necessary for the format in order to eliminate the problem. – user2719 Mar 21 '14 at 7:21
  • @StanRogers: well, if you use a full frame lens with a crop format sensor, that's exactly what you get. – Michael Borgwardt Mar 21 '14 at 7:43
  • @StanRogers You should post that comment as an answer. – Philip Kendall Mar 21 '14 at 8:19
  • @PhilipKendall - I have rather a lot of rep as it is, and anybody willing to expand on the answer (with tech details, etc., building on the short version and making it a proper StackExchange-flavour reference-quality piece) is welcome to the points. – user2719 Mar 21 '14 at 8:27
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When an aperture is wide open the angle of the light that can enter from is wider, so the edge of the lens it's self blocks the light coming into the lens.

By stopping the aperture down you make the hole the light has to pass through smaller. This in turn means the angle of light that can pass through is smaller and more focused and so removed the lens as an impediment.

Below I've tried to demonstrate what I mean

|    |
|\  /| < - lens causing a block to the light path.
| \/ | wide open aperture
| /\ |

|\  /|
| \/ | < - no blockage as angle is smaller.
|_||_| aperture stopped down
| /\ |

As stated in other replies this is just what happens with lens due to the design, all you can do is either stop down a bit of "fix it in post".

  • Thanks! This was a 50mm prime lens. If vignetting is because of the wide aperture, why do they build the lens to allow this? why not set a maximum aperture that prevents this issue? – Jonathan Winters Mar 23 '14 at 3:42
  • Price mostly. They could design lenses with out (or at least with less) vignette but they would cost far more and also be much physically larger. – themaninthesuitcase Mar 23 '14 at 9:16
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This called a vignet and is mostly caused in this strengh by a wide-angle-lens itself on wide angle focal length. The strengh vari from lens to lens. My Canon EF-S 18-135mm has the same "problem" on 18mm. My Sigma 17-50mm hasn´t this "problem" so much. You can compensate/eliminate this effect by using post processing software like Lightroom or change to a lower aperture.

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This is called vignetting, it is caused by light being blocked from reaching that part of the frame that hits other parts. It can have a number of different causes, however common causes are the geometry of the lens itself resulting in light falloff near the edges, filters attached to the lens blocking some light from reaching the corners and a lens hood partially obstructing light from reaching the corners.

It's pretty much always a trade off and since it's typically fairly well understood for a lens, there are often post production corrections that can be applied to brighten the image appropriately, at least for the well known versions of it. It might be a little harder to correct when it is the result of a filter stack.

Closing the aperture some reduces it since it blocks out the light from the edges that wasn't being blocked and thus you get less light overall, but a more even distribution of light.

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