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Both a DSLR in live view mode and a micro 4/3 system camera use the main sensor for autofocus. However, on a DSLR it's embarrassingly slow.

This can't just be a software thing. How is it that one is so much faster?

marked as duplicate by mattdm, MikeW, John Cavan Jan 3 '14 at 4:20

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  • Do you have reference to back up this claim? – Esa Paulasto Jan 2 '14 at 10:44
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Lens motors used for phase detect autofocus are optimized for a fast one-shot seek at a precise point and they go there with a good precision (with the chance of slight mistakes though); in layman terms they obey the command "go there, now!" in the fastest possible way. This because DSLR autofocus works by precalculating - using phase detect sensors - the distance and direction the lens focus mechanism should be moved.

Lens motors used for contrast detect autofocus, on the other hand are optimized for a succession of micro corrections of movements with very high precision and little inertia so to change direction quickly; in layman terms they obey the command "forward.. no no now a little backward.. no not this much now forward.. ok!" in the fastest possible way. This because focusing using the sensor works by moving the focus mechanism of the lens, see if contrast improves or worse and correct its action accordingly.

Note that there are also cameras using a mix of both technologies (e.g. Nikon 1), I don't know how the lens motors are built for those cameras.

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Lens design (optimizing for continuous movement rather than fast jumps) is one factor but the main factor is simply that the main micro 4rds manufacturers (Olympus and Panasonic) spent a lot of time and effort on developing contrast detect autofocus technology (software and hardware) whereas DSLR manufactures tacked on contrast detect autofocus as an afterthought.

As proof of this, consider the Canon EOS M mirrorless camera. even with stepper motor lenses designed for CDAF, the M focuses much slower than M43rds bodies, simply because Canon lacks the CDAF expertise.

  • The software argument sounds the best to me so far. I find it hard to believe that the motors would be bad at incremental changes even if optimised for jumps. – Robin Jan 2 '14 at 15:42
  • Depth of field is also a huge factor. With greater depth of field you can allow yourself to focus faster but less accurately. It's a trick most commonly known from compacts - when they got several pre-programmed focus settings and simply jump between them what takes far less time than slowly checking each possible step. But mirrorless cameras use that as well mixed with plenty of guesswork that's possible thanks to shape-recognition software. – MarcinWolny Jan 3 '14 at 10:52
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In addition to what Marco write about the focus motor, the focus sensor is also critical for focus speed. Some cameras have dedicated "pixels" on the sensor they use when focusing, which can improve focusing speed.

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