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Essentially, are there any criteria/metrics that would allow the viewer to tell whether a digital photo has been taken using a smartphone or iPhone compared to that of a DSC? Or is it a case that there usually are no discernible differences?

(Especially if the EXIF data was not available).

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It really depends on the scene in question.

By the time most images from a Digital Still Camera (DSC) make it to the internet they most likely have been cropped and downsized (or resized by the online application that displays them) to the point that there is very little discernible difference for photos taken under bright light. Where the difference becomes more noticeable is when the scene photographed presents greater challenges: High contrast/dynamic range, low light, fast action in less than ideal light, lighting with a strong color cast, etc.

In those type of situations the advantage of a larger sensor with more sensitive sensels, more options for the user to control the way the camera records the scene, and the ability to adjust individual areas of the photo independently to a much greater degree using files recorded in RAW format, rather than JPEG, should allow the DSC in the right hands to get shots the smartphone can't.

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I would say the main factor would be the pixel dimensions/aspect ratio. Most smartphones these days take a more rectangular shot than the usual 3:2 of a DSLR. That's assuming the images aren't cropped of course. Poor dynamic range (ie dark shadows and/or blown highlights) due to less advanced metering and more noticeable noise will also be indicators.

  • DSLRs are usually 3:2 (taking after the 35mm format of 36x24mm). – coneslayer Jun 24 '13 at 19:07
  • You're right, I was confusing it with old TVs. Edited. – ElendilTheTall Jun 24 '13 at 19:09
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    But... what shoots stills in a more rectangular format than 3:2? Widescreen video is 16:9, but in my experience a more square format (like 4:3) is typical of phones and compact cameras. – coneslayer Jun 24 '13 at 19:13

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