This is not meant to have any opinions; simply number-to-number comparison.
closed as off-topic by mattdm, MikeW♦, Philip Kendall, Paul Cezanne, AJ Henderson♦ Apr 14 '14 at 14:15
This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:
- "This question is about video in a context that is not likely to be relevant to still photography." – MikeW, Philip Kendall
Vision Research Phantom cameras are very fast. The Flex can shoot 2,800 fps at full HD (1920x1080). At lower resolutions, the v711 can shoot at 1.4 million fps!
The Nikon V1 does 320x120 at 1200fps.
The Optronis CamRecord CV does 1280x1024 at 100,000fps, or so I believe from http://www.optronis.com/produkte/high-speed-kameras-cv/camrecord-cv.html
If you are using your definition of camera more loosely than the usual P&S and SLR methods of capturing pictures then this is the fastest camera in the world, capturing a path of light 'as it moves', "equivalent to roughly 1 trillion frames per second".
Among off-the-shelf still cameras I think the DSLR record is 14 fps for Canon EOS-1D X with locked mirror, AF and exposure.
Among mirrorless cameras the Nikon V1 (search for 'buffer') can do 60 fps with locked AF, program exposure mode and auto ISO.
These figures are for burst mode, you can only take a few pictures at that speed. Typically 10-100 frame bursts, which fills up the buffer in 1-10 seconds.
In the world of the everyday DSLR the almost SLR APSC Sony A77 does 12 frames/second at 24 megapixel. This uses a fixed Pelucid mirror (largely transparent) so it not a true SLR as the term is usually understood.