I am looking to buy a telescope for about $250, are there any at that price range that can be mounted on a Canon body?
You don't tend to get telescopes designed for a particular camera, what you need to look for is a telescope camera mount for your 60D. This is a device which replaces the eye piece on the telescope with an EF mount which the camera is connected to instead of a normal lens. The adapter usually consists of two parts. A 'T' adapter which fits directly onto the telescope and a 'T' ring which provides the correct coupling to any given camera. Using an adapter such as this you will be able to connect your camera to pretty much any telescope. http://www.telescopehouse.com have a good range in their online catalog in the Astro Imaging section and, although its a UK site, it will at least give you a good idea what to look for. There are lots of low end telescopes in your price range that a camera adapter can be fitted to which will give you pretty good results.
Short answer.....NO. Not at that price point. A better option is this astrophotography bundle from Orion:
It includes an equatorial mount and tripod, and a motor drive, for around $160.
Attach your camera and get started with astrophotography. You could even use a telephoto lens, maybe up to 200mm. For an even cheaper but quite effective alternative, google 'barn door mount'.