I have started to look around for a flashlight (a handheld torch, not speedlight) to selectively light scenes during long exposures, but the wide selection of technologies used in bulbs puzzles me. There's (at least) incandescent, halogen, xenon, krypton, LED, HID, fluorescent.

Qualities I'm looking for:

  • most importantly, full spectrum covered (this disqualifies fluorescent)
  • even color temperature throughout whole beam
  • possibility to reasonably use gels and shaping accessories (no live fire)
  • ideally, color temperature close to 5500K (so gels work the same as on flash)

Can you suggest which technology would be most suitable considering these qualities of light?


1 Answer 1


To cover the full spectrum, you need something that acts like a blackbody radiator (e.g. hot element in tungsten), rather than fluorescent, as you mention, since that has sharp spikes in its spectrum (as do xenon) (though there are fluorescent panel-style lighting solutions).

See examples of emission spectra

You also don't want LED, because the emission spectrum is narrow.

I'm not sure how even color temperature across a beam will vary. If the diffuser or light modifier is constructed well, there should be full symmetry in the distribution of frequencies across the beam.

A major issue that should inform your decision is how large you want the light source to be. How large is your scene?

Anything can be made a point source, if you move it far enough away from the subject, but some lights cannot be made bright enough to do this. A bright incandescent bulb is excellent for closeup portrait work (left shot in this panel lit by 60W bulb).

HMI is very expensive, but the filament is tiny and shadows are extremely sharp from this kind of lighting (it is also much closer to daylight than tungsten, in addition to being available in crazy-high power versions, which require transformers) (right panel in this shot lit by 1200W HMI). HMI gives a brilliant, near-daylight light.

Don't dismiss fluorescent out of hand. Some of the cheapest and most interesting light sources are fluorescent. For this shot, I used a round (~1.5 ft diameter) fluorescent bathroom light, and shot through it. When shot with 50/1.2 and rendered in b/w the airy quality is wonderful. Here the background was blown out with a couple of 500 Ws monoheads in the background.

If you want to diffuse the light (softbox, scrim, etc) you have to consider the temperature of the source. You can't use the same modifiers for continuous light as for flash work - they would melt.

In other words, a lot about the light source has to do with how it's packaged and shaped.

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ You linked article about one-color LEDs, not white LEDs used in torches. These have usually CRI of 70-80 and you can find high-power white LEDs with CRI 90+. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_CRI_LED_Lighting \$\endgroup\$
    – Marki555
    Commented Feb 28, 2015 at 20:01

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