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I have a Nikon D7500 which is a DX format camera. I am thinking of getting a Nikon 85mm lens but I only see one that is in FX format. I have a 70-300 lens in DX format and was wondering if I set the focal length on the 70-300 lens to about 127.5 (based on FX format of 85mm x 1.5 = DX format of 127.7mm) will I then see what an 85mm lens with FX format would look like in my D7500? I don't have much room to back up to take pictures at home so I am trying to get an idea of what an 85mm would like like on my camera at home.

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  • not aimed specifically at the OP, but why in 2021 does this still cause so much confusion? Isn't there a good 3D animation online somewhere of the image circle projected by x focal length onto a DX/FX sensor?
    – osullic
    Sep 18 at 19:34
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No. You should set your zoom to 85mm to see what an 85mm lens looks like on your camera.

The focal length of a lens is a physical property that does not change no matter what size sensor you put behind it.

The distinction between a crop (DX) and full frame (FX) lens is how big an image circle it projects. A crop lens can only cover an APS-C sized sensor, while an full-frame lens projects a bigger circle that can cover both a full-frame (135 format/35mm film) sensor and an APS-C crop sensor (or smaller format).

An 85mm DX lens would look exactly the same as an 85mm FX lens would on your D7500 crop body. On an FX body, the DX lens would vignette (show dark corners) where the image circle of the lens wouldn't cover the sensor.

Crop factor math (1.5x) is for finding which focal lengths equate the field of view on cameras with different-sized sensors. So, an 85mm lens on a DX body would frame approximately the same as a 127.5mm lens would on an FX body. It's something that's useful if you're switching formats to get an approximation of what lenses you might want. Like, say, telling a phone camera only shooter that the "standard" 4.5mm lens in their phone with a 1/3"-format (6x crop factor) sensor has 28mm-equivalence and the "telephoto" lens has 50mm equivalence, to give them a point of reference about lenses and sensor sizes.

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No. You should set lens to 85mm. The focal length of the lens do not change magically when you put the lens on crop camera. The marks on the lens are about factory (FF) focal length.

You will have equivalent focal length of 127mm because of the crop factor which mean you will see what FF camera see with lens with such focal length.

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You have good answers already. I am just summarizing and posting my cute images :).

  1. Focal length does not care about your camera sensor at all. enter image description here

  2. The framing is where you need to take into account the sensor size. But I think you have the idea backward.

enter image description here

A. You have a framing using some lens, in this case, 85mm.

B. On a Crop factor sensor, you simply have a "cropped" framing compared to A.

C. In order to have the same framing as B, on a Full frame sensor, you need to "zoom in", in this case, something around 128mm. So that is why we say that B (85mm on a crop sensor) is "128mm equivalent".

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I wish the concept of “crop factor” would disappear, it’s the source of so much confusion. Further, it’s main value, it helps people that have worked with a given format camera for years switch to a different format. For novices and those who never worked a specific format, it has little value.

If you mount an 85mm lens on a full frame camera the angle of view realized is 16° height, 24° length and 43° diagonal. Of these values the diagonal angle of view is the one most likely published. I think its the least valuable but keep in mind, TV sets are sold based on their diagonal measure. Why, its sounds better, it’s the biggest measurement.

If you mount 57mm lens on a DX, this lash-up will deliver approximately the same angles of view. Why 57mm?. The crop factor (magnification factor) is 1.5 so 85 ÷ 1.5 = 57 (rounded).

Bottom line – you can’t set your 70 – 300 to 57mm so your question is moot.

About angle of view – Every format has a “normal” focal length. This occurs when you mount a lens with a focal length approximately equal to the diagonal measure of the format. For the FX that’s about 43mm, for the DX that’s about 30mm. Such lash-ups deliver a horizontal angle of view of about 45° and that’s considered “normal”.

A shorter lens delivers a wide-angle, a longer angle of view is telephoto. Also, the crop factor 1.5 means 1/1.5 = 0.66 = 66% in other words, the DX format is smaller than an FX it is 66% of the size of a FX the apparent view through the viewfinder appears enlarged 1.5X as compared to the view through the viewfinder of an FX, both with the same focal length lens mounted.

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  • There is no reason to set 57mm because the OP is asking about using a 85mm lens. 85mm is 85mm no matter what the sensor size. Sep 15 at 22:40

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