The aperture is physically on the lens, basically vanes that open and close to make more or less light hit the sensor. There is no aperture on the camera itself. On most cameras these days, the aperture in the lens is controlled by electronics in the camera body. So what likely appears as 'aperture' on the camera is really just the controls to change the aperture on the lens itself.
Some specialist lenses or even some very old pre-DSLR lenses had manual aperture. There is no automation due to the age of the system or in the case of cinema lenses, they prefer external manual settings, including focus for very different reasons. In any case, these lenses often do not respond to the electronics in the camera and must be set manually. However, the aperture is essentially the same, but set by a 'ring' on the lens.