It's definitely a Nikon SLR (single-lens reflex) camera, which takes interchangeable lenses.
I believe the camera body is a Nikon FE. Firstly, the serial number starts with "FE". =) But also, comparing an FM to an FE (see Nikon FM/FE/FA, the first picture), yours looks like the FE.
The lens has a removable filter mounted on the front, a 52mm (diameter) L1BC Sky filter. Basically, it's color-correcting UV filter, meant to slightly "warm up" or prevent a blue color cast when using daylight film on subjects in the shade (thanks to MichaelC for the clarification). There's nothing super special about the filter, those types (or the A-versions, which had a more subdued effect) were pretty commonly used on film cameras when shooting outdoors. For more about these types of filters, see:
I can't tell which lens is on the camera. It looks like it's probably a 50mm f/1.8 AI-S lens, a common and standard Nikon lens at the time. Take off the lens cap, and look at the front of the lens. It might help to unscrew the UV filter. It should say something like "NIKKOR 50mm 1:1.8" followed by a serial number, and then "Nikon" further around.